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# Present participle and infinitive

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2013
Posts: 88

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 30

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12 Nov 2013, 18:05
Dear Mike

Pl help with the following topics:
a. what does it actually mean in a sentence with an infinitive and preposition + present participle ? such as for determining and to determine
b. i often found and heard that one can use that only with clauses ( sub + verb + obj), however i saw many times "that" followed by verb and obj, with out a subject

Pl clarify my doubt

Thanks
Sid

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 30

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4426

Kudos [?]: 8460 [0], given: 102

Re: Present participle and infinitive [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2013, 15:33
sidpopy wrote:
Dear Mike

Pl help with the following topics:
a. what does it actually mean in a sentence with an infinitive and preposition + present participle ? such as for determining and to determine
b. i often found and heard that one can use that only with clauses ( sub + verb + obj), however i saw many times "that" followed by verb and obj, with out a subject

Pl clarify my doubt

Thanks
Sid

Dear Sid,
I'm happy to respond.

I must say, I really don't understand your first question at all. I think you might be asking an idiom question, and may find these blogs helpful:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/verbs-that ... -the-gmat/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-prepo ... dioms-for/

As to your second question: the word "that" has a multiplicity of meanings. It is one of the trickiest words in the English language. It can be used for many, many different things.

The word "that" can be a simple pronoun, technically a demonstrative pronoun, indicating a noun.
I didn't like that.
That is my favorite flavor!
Would you bring me that on the table?

The word "that" can be a demonstrative noun modifier:
Did you see that movie?
What is your opinion of that book?

The word "that" can be relative pronoun, which introduces a subordinate clause and acts as the subject of the clause
I saw a truck that delivered fresh fish.
The relative clause is "that delivered fresh fish", and the word "that" is the subject of this clause. The relative clause modifies the word "truck."
The word "that" can be a subordinate conjunction, which introduces a subordinate clause and is followed by a full [noun]+[verb] structure. These are typical in verbs that demand "that" --- see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom ... t-clauses/
This structure is also common for substantive clauses:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/substantiv ... -the-gmat/

It appears that many of your questions relate to idioms. Here's a free idiom ebook:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom-ebook/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Kudos [?]: 8460 [0], given: 102

Manager
Joined: 09 Nov 2013
Posts: 88

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 30

Re: Present participle and infinitive [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 02:43
Dear Mike thanks a ton for taking out time to answer my questions.

b) All doubts clear of question "b". How do GMAT-test-makers trick "that" in SC?

Mike can you also suggest me some good online CAT format practice tests along with tutorials that can help to improve speed.

I am 33 years old and own a small enterprise (business consulting for SMEs). Could my age be an issue to apply for HBS or Stanford?

Thanks
Sid

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 30

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4426

Kudos [?]: 8460 [0], given: 102

Re: Present participle and infinitive [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2013, 12:52
sidpopy wrote:
Dear Mike thanks a ton for taking out time to answer my questions.

b) All doubts clear of question "b". How do GMAT-test-makers trick "that" in SC?

Mike can you also suggest me some good online CAT format practice tests along with tutorials that can help to improve speed.

I am 33 years old and own a small enterprise (business consulting for SMEs). Could my age be an issue to apply for HBS or Stanford?

Thanks
Sid

Dear Sid,
MGMAT has some very high quality CATs for practice, and Magoosh will soon publicly release CATs --- they are in beta trials right now. As far as tutorials to increase speed ---- practice, practice, practice. On the Magoosh blog and among the Magoosh video lessons, we recommend several strategies, but which one will save you the most time depends very much on the kinds of mistakes or road-blocks you are hitting now.

As far as age and how adcom will see that ----- I am no admission consultant, and I would strongly suggest checking with someone who has that expertise, but my sense is that, at many high quality business schools, an age in the early 30s is no problem if that person has spend the time between undergrad and now gaining good experience in the business world. I would say if you already own a business consulting enterprise, that speaks very well for your experience, and thus your age shouldn't be a problem. That's my two cents.

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Kudos [?]: 8460 [0], given: 102

Re: Present participle and infinitive   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2013, 12:52
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# Present participle and infinitive

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