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# Presently, most doctors advise against testing for clonal hematopoiesi

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58320

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10 May 2018, 02:44
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (00:59) correct 25% (01:19) wrong based on 152 sessions

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Presently, most doctors advise against testing for clonal hematopoiesis – a common aging-related phenomenon – since there is nothing specific to be done to reduce the increased risks of cancer or heart disease that they confer.

A. that they confer

B. to which they are conferred

C. conferred by them

D. that it confers

E. to which it is conferred

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10 May 2018, 06:32
Bunuel wrote:
Presently, most doctors advise against testing for clonal hematopoiesis – a common aging-related phenomenon – since there is nothing specific to be done to reduce the increased risks of cancer or heart disease that they confer.

A. that they confer

B. to which they are conferred

C. conferred by them

D. that it confers

E. to which it is conferred

A. that they confer - The pronoun they is ambiguous, frankly, inappropriate. Eliminate A for they - used to refer to humans; if they refers to doctors in this sentence then the meaning of the sentence would be illogical, the statement would imply the doctors confer cancer.

B. to which they are conferred - Eliminate - grammatically incorrect. To which refers to place - thus has no use in this sentence. for use of which

C. conferred by them - Eliminate for them. The subject of the sentence is singular "clonal hematopoiesis". This is also a passive statement

D. that it confers - Correct use of it

E. to which it is conferred - eliminate for to which
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58320

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14 May 2018, 02:37
Bunuel wrote:
Presently, most doctors advise against testing for clonal hematopoiesis – a common aging-related phenomenon – since there is nothing specific to be done to reduce the increased risks of cancer or heart disease that they confer.

A. that they confer

B. to which they are conferred

C. conferred by them

D. that it confers

E. to which it is conferred

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Anytime you have a decision point between pronouns in the answer choices, you should start there. Here you must decide whether “it” or “they/them” is correct, so focus on numerical agreement. By carefully considering the meaning and structure of the sentence, it should be clear that the pronoun refers to the medical condition clonal hematopoiesis, which is singular. As a result, you can eliminate (A), (B), and (C).

To check logical meaning between (D) and (E), simply replace the pronoun with the noun it refers to and see if the sentence makes sense (a very important strategy in any SC problem involving pronouns). For (D): “…to reduce the increased risks of cancer or heart disease that clonal hematopoiesis confers” – YES. For (E): “…to reduce the increased risks of cancer or heart disease to which clonal hematopoiesis is conferred” – NO. The clonal hematopoiesis is conferring the risks and only (D) creates that logical meaning. Correct answer is (D).
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Re: Presently, most doctors advise against testing for clonal hematopoiesi   [#permalink] 14 May 2018, 02:37
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