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# Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway

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Intern
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 15:35
hwgmat2015 wrote:
Tricky question !! I spent a lot of time trying to figure out authors assumption till i realized that the question is not asking authors assumption.

We need to find - assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?
Note it is NOT asking authors assumption.

Press secretary Conclusion: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties

So B.

No doubt we get confused as to why B when its already mentioned in the passage.

Hope this helps

You nailed it. I spent probably an hour trying to figure this question out but your explanation cleared it out for me. It just shows how important it is to restate every word in the conclusion. Thank you and Kudos.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 07:44
I have a slight doubt about the 'negation' technique.

In this technique, do we negate all the possible cues (that can be negated) in the statement , or do we negate only one major cue.

Eg.

Will the negation of B read as:
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.

or as:

B. The scheduled highway projects not identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.

and E will read as:

E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects

or as:

E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as not a source of objective assessment of government projects

I have been told this is a really powerful technique but I am really confused about how to deploy it.

pb_india wrote:
Press secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90% of the projects cancelled were in such districts. But all of the cancelled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends?
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.
C. The number of projects cancelled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. Nonpartisan auditors were President's friends.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 22:03
ameyaprabhu wrote:
I have a slight doubt about the 'negation' technique.

In this technique, do we negate all the possible cues (that can be negated) in the statement , or do we negate only one major cue.

Eg.

Will the negation of B read as:
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.

or as:

B. The scheduled highway projects not identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.

and E will read as:

E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects

or as:

E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as not a source of objective assessment of government projects

I have been told this is a really powerful technique but I am really confused about how to deploy it.

pb_india wrote:
Press secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90% of the projects cancelled were in such districts. But all of the cancelled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends?
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.
C. The number of projects cancelled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. Nonpartisan auditors were President's friends.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects.

http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2015/02 ... reasoning/

And you will negate only the main cue.

B - The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.
Negated B - The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.

E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects.
Negated E - Reports by nonpartisan auditors are generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects.

Here is a post on double negatives:
http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/01 ... negatives/
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2016, 11:33
pb_india wrote:
Press secretary: Our critics claim that the President's recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90% of the projects cancelled were in such districts. But all of the cancelled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary's argument depends?
A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President's party.
C. The number of projects cancelled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. Nonpartisan auditors were President's friends.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessment of government projects.

Conclusion: So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Therefore, correct assumption will strengthen this conclusion and that is the job that B is performing perfectly. B eliminates the possibility that the President hand-picked those districts that are controlled by opposition parties by saying that the President had no other choice because most of the Flagged districts are controlled by opposition.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2016, 01:24
B is the correct answer

Conclusion: So the President's choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Premise: But all of the cancelled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors.

The word identified is important here. Auditors only suggested and shared opinion with president. But final decision of picking or rejecting a certain project was with president.

What if, there were few projects identified as wasteful by the auditors and those projects belonged to presidents legislature. If president cancelled those projects, he is surely a non-partisan. But, if he really did give a go ahead to his own legislature projects (even though, marked as wasteful by auditors), he is a partisan and thus, falsifying conclusion
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 09:41
carcass wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

B is clearly the answer. The other options go in other directions respect the argument at stake

I have a doubt in B that 90% of the projects were canceled by the president and all canceled were declared wasteful so what to assume in this it already contains 90% of the projects of opposition party which the president canceled

and I read in some post that D is weakening which again I fail to understand how.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2017, 03:42
souvik101990 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

Lets talk numbers!
Lets assume,
No of wasteful project districts=200
President's party districts=110
Opposition districts=90
Now lets say that the president cancelled 100 projects with 90 districts belonging to opposition and 10 of his own (so that it becomes 90%)
Now clearly the president is NOT fair isnt it?
That is exactly what B says!

Hi, I found a problem here.... Don't you think 'B' is saying the opposite that you exemplified above... 'B' is saying 'The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party', so this means these wasteful projects are probably from the districts controlled by opposition party. So, it may be the case that due to the partisan politics those projects are intentionally made wasteful.... thus weakening the argument... Please let me know if I am missing anything......
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 06:11
let's make it WITH very simple language

CRITICS says that president is BIASED because he canceled 90% of the project in the opponents territories

EVIDENCE for the secretary or president support- But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors

SO the missing assumption is that report is not biased- example- let's say report says that 120 projects as waste, most of them- 100 lies in the opponents area, now president cancels 90 of those projects

choice B - The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.

CONCLUSION by secretary is that PRESIDENT IS FAIR and not biased
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 02:17
Marcab wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

A. Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.
B. The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.
C. The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.
D. The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.
E. Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

The opposition's claim is that projects which were not wasteful were canceled.

The president is motivated by sound budgetary policy if only the wasteful projects as identified by the auditors, were canceled. Choice B is the needed assumption that would make that true. It says many of the wasteful projects were in districts controlled by opposition.

My view is, we really cannot say this as an assumption because it is a fact that automatically follows from the facts that 90% of the canceled projects were in opposition's districts and the fact of the auditor's report.
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Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 06:10
pb_india wrote:
Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties. They offer as evidence the fact that 90 percent of the projects canceled were in such districts. But all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors. So the President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the press secretary’s argument depends?

(A) Canceling highway projects was not the only way for the President to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties.

(B) The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.

(C) The number of projects canceled was a significant proportion of all the highway projects that were to be undertaken by the government in the near future.

(D) The highway projects canceled in districts controlled by the President’s party were not generally more expensive than the projects canceled in districts controlled by opposition parties.

(E) Reports by nonpartisan auditors are not generally regarded by the opposition parties as a source of objective assessments of government projects.

This is one of the Critical Reasoning Questions that indulge my senses.
You really need a clear mindset to solve it. And this question is the limit in which only common sense works
.The more you apply" NEGATION TECHNIQUES " or " DEFENDER ASSUMPTION" or " SUPPORTER ASSUMPTION
" techniques , the more time is wasted . And if you solve it in a max time frame situation , Then clearly
its not a win-win situation

Breaking the argument down in simple terms .
Press secretary is just saying that the oppositions are again becoming delusional.
Our President is cleary motivated to save money and not play dirty politics here, tHE PREMISE supporting
it is " WE HAVE A REPORT FROM A NON PARTISAN AUDITOR
Like most Gmat questions this single premise is enough to support the weak reasoning of Press Secretary
((There are so many reasoning errors in the link between premise and conclusion PRIMARY being a APPEAL
FALLACY ERROR (APPEAL TO AUTHORITY- according to which if a famous or an
important person states a thing then that is enough TO JUSTIFY THE CONCLUSION.
Here that important person is the NON PARTISAN AUDITOR. iF you find some ther flaws clearly 3 options
can be removed safely.

I was confused between A and B.
Coming to B . Why is B right - According to B The scheduled highway projects identified as wasteful in the report were not mostly projects in districts controlled by the President’s party.

Consider, if this was not the case , then all cancelled highways will be in the president's nominated area or areas under his control
Now , all these highways which fall in the area that is under President's jurisdiction are cancelled , Then why is opposition still
howling and why is press secretary even concerned to reply them?
All the destruction has happened in President's area .Why must Press Secretary respond to opposition now
for their cancelled projects. He must be a real fool if he does that
But, he is not .He responds to the claims of opposition. He makes an argument that we solve. He gives a conclusion that we can destroy

If still you are confused with any other option , then look for a flaw in the argument and see that are you trying to link your
assumption to that flaw?
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 11:09
what is the press.secre. argument in these question i am confused with it.
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 21:51
viv007 wrote:
what is the press.secre. argument in these question i am confused with it.

To understand the press secretary's argument, start with the conclusion: "The President’s choice was clearly motivated by sound budgetary policy, not partisan politics."

Next, let's walk through the press secretary's reasoning:

• First, the press secretary describes a claim made by CRITICS of the president's cancellations: "Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway project cancellations demonstrate a vindictive desire to punish legislative districts controlled by opposition parties." In other words, the President belongs to party A, and some legislative districts are controlled by parties B, C, and D, for example. According to the critics, the President was motivated by revenge (vengeful) and thus cancelled projects in districts controlled by parties B, C and D.
• Next, the press secretary presents the evidence used by critics to support their claim that the president was being vengeful: "90 percent of the projects canceled were in {districts controlled by opposition parties}." So of all the projects cancelled by the president, 90 percent were in districts controlled by B, C, and D. Obviously this would be a little suspicious if the president belongs to party A. Did the president cancel those projects to take revenge on the rival parties?
• The press secretary then states evidence that will be used AGAINST the critics' claim: "all of the canceled projects had been identified as wasteful in a report written by respected nonpartisan auditors." So the critics focused on the parties controlling the districts. The press secretary responds by saying, "Hey, it had nothing to do with the parties. ALL of those projects were identified as wasteful. The projects were cancelled because they were WASTEFUL, not because they were in districts controlled by rival parties." The press secretary does not dispute the FACTS cited by the critics. However, the press secretary does dispute the MOTIVATION.
• The press secretary thus implies that the president would have cancelled those projects even if they were in districts controlled by A. According to the press secretary, the cancellations were based on waste, not party affiliation.

Hopefully that helps you tackle the answer choices! Remember, you are looking for an assumption on which THAT line of reasoning/conclusion depends. Use process of elimination to consider each choice.

Good luck, and welcome to GMAT Club!
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Re: Press Secretary: Our critics claim that the President’s recent highway   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2017, 21:51

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