It is currently 20 Feb 2018, 07:59

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 15 Jun 2009
Posts: 151
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2009, 23:39
sakshiag28 wrote:
learner wrote:
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment
breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as
these - diagonse and deciding not ||

(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - which is a wrong modifier for 'expert does'
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - deciding and diagnosing are ||

(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of
equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be
authorized - diagnosis not || to decision

(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding
whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like - diagnose not || to deciding

like is used to compare nouns . ex: Joe is like JOhn
as is used to compare verbs . ex: Joe writes as John does.

well, I m confused here
we are comparing computer's reasoning to that of an expert's. So as should come here
if there has been a comparison between computers and experts then like would have been correct.
Hence I mark A as an answer

pls explain in detail, the usage of as and like with examples. Its confusing. Although I know the above mentioned rule, but i get confused while doing SC.

I thought abt it..but Unable to explain...It will be good if some expert can shed light on it...
Intern
Joined: 09 Mar 2010
Posts: 4
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2010, 00:44
The reason why A is wrong is not becoz it uses as.Infact as is perfectly okay. computers reason... as experts do ( there is a verb here).

If there were Computers reason.... as an expert, (then it is incorrect)

The main issue here is parallelism.

Hopefully this might of some help
Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 158
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2011, 09:24
C--
correctly use like to compare
Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 22
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Mar 2011, 10:19
Isn't "like" in option "C", "D", "E" incorrect because whenever we compare actions ('reason' in this case) we have to use "as" and not like. Can anyone pls help on this ? Thanks.
Intern
Joined: 15 Jan 2011
Posts: 11
Location: India
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2011, 10:52
This question appears in the OG VR 2nd Ed.
OA is C

OE is "The sentence presents three functions of intelligent computers,(to diagnose .. deciding .... or other purposes) but they are not written in parallel form. The final function is vague, so turning this into an introductory clause (used for such purposes as ...) and using parallel forms (daignosing/deciding) makes a better sentence.

It clearly mentions, either "as an expert does" or "like an expert" have been used correctly and idiomatically in the choices. .

So dont fret

-Babban

Intern
Joined: 15 Jan 2011
Posts: 11
Location: India
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 May 2011, 10:54
This question appears in the OG VR 2nd Ed.
OA is C

OE is "The sentence presents three functions of intelligent computers,(to diagnose .. deciding .... or other purposes) but they are not written in parallel form. The final function is vague, so turning this into an introductory clause (used for such purposes as ...) and using parallel forms (diagnosing/deciding) makes a better sentence.

It clearly mentions, either "as an expert does" or "like an expert" have been used correctly and idiomatically in the choices. .

So dont fret

-Babban

Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2011
Posts: 81
Concentration: Accounting, Finance
GMAT Date: 09-08-2012
GPA: 3
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Apr 2012, 09:27
nitindas wrote:
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can
understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an
expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns,
deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment
breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as
these
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
Correct
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of
equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be
authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding
whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like

+1 C

When we use whether we have 2 choices yes or no, therefore to add "or not" becomes wordy. We must use like in this example as we are comparing "like a expert".
_________________

Thanks = +1 Kudos

Study from reliable sources!!

Thursdays with Ron: http://www.manhattangmat.com/thursdays-with-ron.cfm

Gmat Prep Questions:
CR http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprepsc-105446.html
SC http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmatprepsc-105446.html

Manager
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 170
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.69
WE: Analyst (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Apr 2012, 11:07
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Isn't "like" in option "C", "D", "E" incorrect because whenever we compare actions ('reason' in this case) we have to use "as" and not like. Can anyone pls help on this ? Thanks.

I think "like" is comparing artificial intelligence to expert.
Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2008
Posts: 245
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2012, 15:02
Whether or not is always wrong in GMAT eliminate D and E

Computers will understand English , recognize objects and reason as an expert does .
Eliminate B “which” is used incorrectly.

But I cannot decide whether to choose A or C , although the correct answer is C.
_________________

Please give kudos if you enjoy the explanations that I have given. Thanks

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 303
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Dec 2012, 11:57
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Answering a PM on this one .

This question has not been correctly transcribed from the original. Notice the end has only been included in (A) and (E) ('or other purposes such as these', 'or the like.'). Therefore, it is hard to really say what the best approach to the question is, because perhaps there is a clear 2:3 split at the end of the sentence.

That said let's take a look at (A) and (C) to see which is better.

In (A), it implies that in diagnosing equipment breakdowns, a computer will be able to 'decide whether to authorize a loan'. These are two separate activities and must therefore be separated by an 'or', the way that (C) does.

Hope that helps .
_________________

Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep

Intern
Joined: 02 Oct 2012
Posts: 30
WE: Other (Retail Banking)
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2013, 02:10
learner wrote:
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment
breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as
these - diagonse and deciding not ||

(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - which is a wrong modifier for 'expert does'
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing
equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - deciding and diagnosing are ||

(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of
equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be
authorized - diagnosis not || to decision

(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding
whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like - diagnose not || to deciding

like is used to compare nouns . ex: Joe is like JOhn
as is used to compare verbs . ex: Joe writes as John does.

I was confused to choose between B and C. I knew "which" in answer choice B did not have clear referent, but I could not choose C because of "like an expert". Manhattan explains that "like" is used only to compare nouns. but in this case we compare verbs, right? computers reason as experts reason. even in the examples you wrote, "Joe writes as John does", here we compare Joe's writing to John's writing - thus, two verbs are compared. in this question "computers reason as experts reason [or, as experts do]". thus, we are comparing two verbs, meaning we need to use "as" word rather than "like".

Thanks
Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 444
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2014, 14:46
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like
Intern
Joined: 04 Jan 2012
Posts: 43
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2014, 16:07
Don't understand why "B" is not the correct answer. "Like" is supposed to compare nouns. Here we are comparing the intelligence of computers to intelligence of experts. So shouldn't this be "as an expert" rather than "like an expert"
Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 444
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2014, 04:49
Hi Infotalk,
For choice B, "which" modifies "an expert". This makes ["an expert" may be used for purposes such as .....]
It does not make intended meaning.
Hope this helps.
Intern
Joined: 04 Jan 2012
Posts: 43
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2014, 09:36
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi Infotalk,
For choice B, "which" modifies "an expert". This makes ["an expert" may be used for purposes such as .....]
It does not make intended meaning.
Hope this helps.

Thanks. I understand it now. I watched a bunch of modifier content yesterday and I am getting these modifiers a little better.
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2013
Posts: 186
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.82
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Apr 2014, 06:23
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
goodyear2013 wrote:
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like

Let me try this one.
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these -
he we are comparing the computers with experts not what they did. So comparison should be with "like"
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - Same like Option A
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - Good option
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized - "like" cannot introduces examples. Only "Such as" can introduces examples.
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like[/quote] - Changes the orginal meaning of the sentence

-Pressing kudos will help me
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10323
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Apr 2015, 04:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10323
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2015, 09:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4327
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Nov 2015, 21:19
2
KUDOS
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these ---First indication is the faulty parallelism. --- To diagnose, an infinitive, and deciding, a simple gerund and or other purposes, a noun --- three different forms in a single list. Secondly the wrong comparison of computers to what an expert does

(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan ---- 1. What is the specific antecedent of ‘which’? Is it referring to artificial intelligence or computers. Obviously not to experts or to proponents, since we don’t refer human beings by ‘which’. 2. The comparison issue as in A.

(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan – The parallelism is set in place smugly by using two gerunds such diagnosing and deciding. The comparison is also correct in comparing the computers to an expert. Correct choice.

(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized --- 'The use of which' is a problem as in B. 2.'Like' to denote example is another issue.

(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like -- 1. Parallelism: 1. to diagnose 2. deciding or 3. the like – not parallel. 2. It is not clear what the term ‘to be used’ refers to an expert or to computers or to intelligence
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1190
Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2015, 13:11
1
KUDOS
Expert's post

1) The split between "like" and "as" is a fakeout! We don't need to decide that to get the problem right, and in fact either one could work! You can reason "like an expert" or "as an expert does." What's really at issue is how we follow up on this comparison. In B, D, and E, we are using the expert, when it seems we should be using the computer. That leaves us with just two choices!

2) The other interesting bit is how the dash is used here. For some reason, the Verbal Review book seems to feature the dash more prominently than the main OG, and it's put to interesting use. The dash--not a hyphen, but a long dash--is often used as a parenthetical, as in this sentence you're reading. However, it can also be used to indicate a break in the sentence that increases clarity. In the case of this problem, we need to make it clear that we're talking about computers, not experts, so we use a dash to break in and reintroduce the subject again. If you're not sure why we're doing that, take a look at how we'd have to write C without the dash:

Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason like an expert and that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan.

Technically, we could say that we had done our job. We have parallel clauses: "that can understand . . . " and "that will be used." However, there's so much complexity in between that it becomes very hard to understand what we're trying to say. If we think of good grammar as a form of good manners, the dash is our way of leading the reader politely to our intended meaning.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2015, 13:11

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 53 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by