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# Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2016, 21:10
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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 05:41
vivektripathi wrote:
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.

(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like
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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 10:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 11:43
nitindas wrote:
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.

(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like

Few point stop arrive at the answer.

1) 'Such as' is used for introducing examples
2) Parallelism is required in elements
3) Like is followed by noun.

(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these. Elements are not parallel (diagnose/ deciding)
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan. Which refers to what?
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan Correct choice
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized Like is not used for introducing examples
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like. Weird sentence structure. Elements are not parallel
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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 11:51
Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able to make computers that can understand English and other human languages, recognize objects, and reason as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these.
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these --- Not parallel
(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan
(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized
(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 03:00
I picked up "C' - Moving for such purposes as to an introductory position strengthens the sentence; diagnosing and deciding are parallel.

Eliminated A, B and D
Now left with E and C
Eliminated E as it does not make sense.
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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 08:19
A & B are eliminated immediately - "as an expert does" indicates that computers are humans too.

(D) awkward phrasing of entire sentence + unnecessary usage of words e.g. "whether or not" - eliminate
(E) diagnose equipment breakdowns should follow with decide whether - eliminate

(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan - CORRECT

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 08:36
daagh wrote:
(A) as an expert does—computers that will be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan, or other purposes such as these ---First indication is the faulty parallelism. --- To diagnose, an infinitive, and deciding, a simple gerund and or other purposes, a noun --- three different forms in a single list. Secondly the wrong comparison of computers to what an expert does

(B) as an expert does, which may be used for purposes such as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan ---- 1. What is the specific antecedent of ‘which’? Is it referring to artificial intelligence or computers. Obviously not to experts or to proponents, since we don’t refer human beings by ‘which’. 2. The comparison issue as in A.

(C) like an expert—computers that will be used for such purposes as diagnosing equipment breakdowns or deciding whether to authorize a loan – The parallelism is set in place smugly by using two gerunds such diagnosing and deciding. The comparison is also correct in comparing the computers to an expert. Correct choice.

(D) like an expert, the use of which would be for purposes like the diagnosis of equipment breakdowns or the decision whether or not a loan should be authorized --- 'The use of which' is a problem as in B. 2.'Like' to denote example is another issue.

(E) like an expert, to be used to diagnose equipment breakdowns, deciding whether to authorize a loan or not, or the like -- 1. Parallelism: 1. to diagnose 2. deciding or 3. the like – not parallel. 2. It is not clear what the term ‘to be used’ refers to an expert or to computers or to intelligence

Sir,

Pls. elaborate on comparison error in A & B.

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Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2017, 14:03
rishabhdxt wrote:

Pls. elaborate on comparison error in A & B.

Hello rishabhdxt,

IMHO, there is no comparison issue in any of the answer choice. In all five choices, the computers have been compared to an expert.

Why have computers been compared to experts? The comparison has been made because the computers will perform certain activities in the same manner as an expert does.

Grammatically, as and like have been used in correct grammatical structure - as followed by a clause and like followed by a noun entity.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Last edited by egmat on 06 Oct 2017, 07:14, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2017, 08:13

Saying that a computer "can X, Y and Z, LIKE an expert" - doesn't this compare the actions of the computer directly to an expert........in other words, I wanted to make the comparison such that it compared the actions of the computer to the ACTIONS of the expert.

I'll appreciate any help on this

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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 05:57
See how artificial intelligence in business can change the world in cleveroad. com
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06 Oct 2017, 06:38
and thank you for this topic! The majority of ANI models includes a self-improvement feature. But even if scientists will create AI without such a feature, when it will reach human intellectual level, it will acquire the ability to learn on its own. As a result, automated intelligence will evolve and turn into super intelligence that surpasses human intellect by far.
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Re: Proponents of artificial intelligence say they will be able [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 07:25
nrxbra001 wrote:

Saying that a computer "can X, Y and Z, LIKE an expert" - doesn't this compare the actions of the computer directly to an expert........in other words, I wanted to make the comparison such that it compared the actions of the computer to the ACTIONS of the expert.

I'll appreciate any help on this

Hello nrxbra001,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt or not. Nonetheless, he is the explanation.

In comparison, there are two entities that are compared because of some point of similarity.

In this official sentence, the two compared entities are certain experts and certain computers.

Why have they been compared? They have been compared because they both can perform certain tasks in the same manner.

Hence, this comparison can be expressed both ways:

Like experts, computers can do A, B, and C.

As experts do, computers can do A, B, and C.

It is so because the basis of the comparison is what these two entities can do. So the computers have been compared to the experts because both can perform the same tasks. The action is inherent in the comparison.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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