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Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow

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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2016, 05:20
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Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

For start the main verb with Board that needs to come is allow hence C is out.

A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry :- Them can have many antecedent i will eliminate it
B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry. :- Them again
C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry :- eliminated
D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry :- them is taken care of and much better in all sense
E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry :- them again and hence out

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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

This is the only choice that replaces ambiguous pronouns with logically correct words.

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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 07:55
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Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award to businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
while critics denounce the tax breaks as corporate welfare that helps some localities but weakens the national economy.

(a) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award to businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
(b) Supporters consider tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving to be vital economic development tools
(c) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
(d) Supporters consider tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving vital economic development tools
(e) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider the tax breaks to be vital economic development tools

The above topic from MGMAT CAT has been replicated as the topic as below in the given question. The OA for the MGMAT version is D

Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry.
C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

One may see that the original version uses a plural ‘local governments’ and the appropriate plural verb ‘award’ in all the five choices, whereas the copy - cat version wrongly uses the plural verb ‘allow’ for the singular board in at least four choice, except for C. But C is already out because of the dual reference of ‘them”.
Meaning wise, we may see tax-breaks being given each year; it is difficult to see censorship relaxations every year as if it is an economic tool.
Although D avoids using the pronoun ‘them’, the choice is still calling the production houses as producers redundantly . Are producers different from production houses in the context?
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 09:14
daagh wrote:
Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award to businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
while critics denounce the tax breaks as corporate welfare that helps some localities but weakens the national economy.

(a) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award to businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
(b) Supporters consider tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving to be vital economic development tools
(c) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider them vital economic development tools
(d) Supporters consider tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving vital economic development tools
(e) Supporters of tax breaks that local governments award businesses each year to prevent them from moving consider the tax breaks to be vital economic development tools

The above topic from MGMAT CAT has been replicated as the topic as below in the given question. The OA for the MGMAT version is D

Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry.
C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

One may see that the original version uses a plural ‘local governments’ and the appropriate plural verb ‘award’ in all the five choices, whereas the copy - cat version wrongly uses the plural verb ‘allow’ for the singular board in at least four choice, except for C. But C is already out because of the dual reference of ‘them”.
Meaning wise, we may see tax-breaks being given each year; it is difficult to see censorship relaxations every year as if it is an economic tool.
Although D avoids using the pronoun ‘them’, the choice is still calling the production houses as producers redundantly . Are producers different from production houses in the context?


daagh, Don't you think its a bad question.

Also, People are saying Board is plural But isn't it a collective noun. Won't we take Singular verb Allows with Board?

Please throw some light on my queries.
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 13:09
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There is solid proof to state that board is singular

Example 1. This is the opening page of the official site of GMAC, the owners and administrators of GMAT

http://www.gmac.com/about-us/board-of-directors.aspx

Board of Directors

Our Board includes representatives from member schools and industry.

You may see GMAC uses board with a singular verb.

Kenneth Freeman
Chair
Allen Questrom Professor & Dean | Questrom School of Business | Boston University
Kenneth W. Freeman joined Boston University as the Allen Questrom Professor and Dean of Questrom School of Business in 2010. Ken is currently a director of Accellent. He has previously served on the boards of HCA, Masonite (chairman), TRW (lead director), Dow Corning Corporation, Ciba-Corning Corporation, Fleet Bank of New York, and the Corning Incorporated Foundation.


When you refer to a single board, you call it board and it is singular; when you refer to more than one board, then you say boards and then only it is plural as you may see from the highlighted part.

Example 2.This is the URL of the College Board, the administrators of the SAT: https://www.collegeboard.org/about

See in the highlighted how the board describes itself.


The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity.
Founded in 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of over 6,000 of the world’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education.
Each year, the College Board helps more than seven million students prepare for a successful transition to college through programs and services in college readiness and college success — including the SAT and the Advanced Placement Program. The organization also serves the education community through research and advocacy on behalf of students, educators and schools.

What more proof is needed?

1. Instead of bothering to find if a topic is good or bad, let’s ponder whether there is at least some take-away. This topic at least wants to broadcast that a pronoun cannot reference two different nouns in the same topic.
2. We should be careful when we verbalize collective nouns. When in doubt, one should be able to substantiate with official stands.
So why not take it for its worth?
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2016, 05:07
daagh wrote:
There is solid proof to state that board is singular

Example 1. This is the opening page of the official site of GMAC, the owners and administrators of GMAT

http://www.gmac.com/about-us/board-of-directors.aspx

Board of Directors

Our Board includes representatives from member schools and industry.

You may see GMAC uses board with a singular verb.

Kenneth Freeman
Chair
Allen Questrom Professor & Dean | Questrom School of Business | Boston University
Kenneth W. Freeman joined Boston University as the Allen Questrom Professor and Dean of Questrom School of Business in 2010. Ken is currently a director of Accellent. He has previously served on the boards of HCA, Masonite (chairman), TRW (lead director), Dow Corning Corporation, Ciba-Corning Corporation, Fleet Bank of New York, and the Corning Incorporated Foundation.


When you refer to a single board, you call it board and it is singular; when you refer to more than one board, then you say boards and then only it is plural as you may see from the highlighted part.

Example 2.This is the URL of the College Board, the administrators of the SAT: https://www.collegeboard.org/about

See in the highlighted how the board describes itself.


The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit organization that connects students to college success and opportunity.
Founded in 1900, the College Board was created to expand access to higher education. Today, the membership association is made up of over 6,000 of the world’s leading educational institutions and is dedicated to promoting excellence and equity in education.
Each year, the College Board helps more than seven million students prepare for a successful transition to college through programs and services in college readiness and college success — including the SAT and the Advanced Placement Program. The organization also serves the education community through research and advocacy on behalf of students, educators and schools.

What more proof is needed?

1. Instead of bothering to find if a topic is good or bad, let’s ponder whether there is at least some take-away. This topic at least wants to broadcast that a pronoun cannot reference two different nouns in the same topic.
2. We should be careful when we verbalize collective nouns. When in doubt, one should be able to substantiate with official stands.
So why not take it for its worth?


Thanks daagh.

I understand your point of take away. But my concern here is, if the board is singular, why can't we simply reject Option A,B,C and E. That would leave is only with Option D, which is also incorrect because of Pronoun Ambiguity error?

Please help me understand the point.
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2016, 12:49
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My first instinct was to reject decisively all the choices except C due to that. However, even C is ungrammatical. What would you do then? At least this topic drove me to spot the MGMAT version, which I liked much for the concept of double referencing of a pronoun in a given sentence. IMO, You are justified in rejecting the four choices, A,B,D and E on
S-V number error
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2016, 09:37
daagh wrote:
My first instinct was to reject decisively all the choices except C due to that. However, even C is ungrammatical. What would you do then? At least this topic drove me to spot the MGMAT version, which I liked much for the concept of double referencing of a pronoun in a given sentence. IMO, You are justified in rejecting the four choices, A,B,D and E on
S-V number error


Thanks daagh, I wish such questions donot appear on the actual exam.
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Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2016, 03:33
Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

Here In the non underline part has critics denounce the relaxations hence to retain the parallelism Proponents consider relaxations
Hence A, C & E is incorrect
Now between B & D, B is wrong because of "Them" & "Piece of Works"
Hence D is correct

A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry. Them is used for production houses or proponents. Ambiguity. Piece of works to be VS pieces of work vital. Which one is better? Again Piece of works (Just one pice)
C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry
E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

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Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 01:36
Vercules wrote:
good discussion guys, updated the post with OA nd OE

Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

Do not go by the wordiness of this question. If you are able to identify the grammatical construction the question becomes pretty straightforward.

(A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

The pronoun "them" in the phrase "provide them enough …" clearly refers to "production houses," the immediately preceding plural noun. However, the pronoun "them" is used again in the phrase "consider them vital ….,"; in this usage its antecedent is unclear. “them” should logically refer to the "relaxations" but based on its position in the sentence it could also refer to “production houses”.

(B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry.

In placing "consider" at the beginning of the sentence, this choice is able to avoid a second use of the pronoun "them," correcting the pronoun issue. However, the use of "to be" in this context is unidiomatic. The proper idiom is "consider x y" not "consider x to be y." In this case "consider tax breaks . . . vital tools" is unidiomatic and thus incorrect.

(C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

This choice does not solve the pronoun problem from the original sentence. Moreover it creates another error by using the singular verb “allows” for the plural noun “relaxations”.

(D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

CORRECT. In placing "consider" at the beginning of the sentence, this choice is able to avoid a second use of the pronoun "them," correcting the pronoun issue. It does not contain any other awkward or wordy construction.

(E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

This choice avoids any pronoun ambiguity by replacing the second "them" in the original sentence with the use of "relaxations" after “consider.” However, the repetition of "relaxations" makes this choice somewhat wordy. A more apparent error is the use of "to be", which makes the construction “consider X to be Y” incorrect. Proper idiom is “consider X Y.”


I am slightly confused by Explanation for option "C" ...how plural noun “relaxations” and singular verb “allows” are linked here...
has it been "relaxation that Censorship Boards" ..... then what will be used...allow or allows???
can anyone please elaborate with examples..TIA

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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 02:12
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I think the confusion may be due to the use of the word 'that'. If you replace the 'that' with its synonym, ', which', then perhaps the picture may be clear.

Quote:
Proponents of relaxations, which Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide
-- Now you may see that the plural relaxations is the subject of the singular verb 'allows' which is wrong.

By the same logic, if the subject were the singular 'relaxation', then obviously the verb would be the singular 'allows'.
On the contrary, we cannot take the Censor board as the subject, as doing so will mean that the verb will be always the standard ' allows' whether it is one relaxation or multiple relaxations,
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 02:48
daagh wrote:
My first instinct was to reject decisively all the choices except C due to that. However, even C is ungrammatical. What would you do then? At least this topic drove me to spot the MGMAT version, which I liked much for the concept of double referencing of a pronoun in a given sentence. IMO, You are justified in rejecting the four choices, A,B,D and E on
S-V number error


daagh Sir, I read this reply of your's ...and this added to my confusion...consider following;


"The questions which the forum allow to be asked, should be relevant to GMAT"

"The questions which the forum allows to be asked, should be relevant to GMAT"

Now...which of the above sentences is correct!! plz guide
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2017, 03:46
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Let me change the two sentences slightly to make them more relevant to the issue.

The questions which the forum allow to be asked are tough and challenging

"The questions which the forum allows to be asked itough and challenging
Here the relative clause starting with 'which' is a modifier; the real subject is the questions and its verb is are; Obviously the second choice is wrong on SV agreement.
Quote:
(C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry


Let me quote you
Quote:
I am slightly confused by Explanation for option "C" ...how plural noun “relaxations” and singular verb “allows” are linked here...has it been "relaxation that Censorship Boards" ..... then what will be used...allow or allows???
can anyone please elaborate with examples.TIA

It is not clear from your version whether C should use 'allow' or 'allows'.If you accept 'allows' then C should be ok. On the contrary, if you say it should be 'allow', then C should not be ok.
I am sorry I am not able to grasp you point. Can you please help?
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Re: Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 10:11
Vercules wrote:
good discussion guys, updated the post with OA nd OE

Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses to each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry while critics denounce the relaxations as a leeway that increases the revenue of the production houses but damages the moral character of the children.

Do not go by the wordiness of this question. If you are able to identify the grammatical construction the question becomes pretty straightforward.

(A) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

The pronoun "them" in the phrase "provide them enough …" clearly refers to "production houses," the immediately preceding plural noun. However, the pronoun "them" is used again in the phrase "consider them vital ….,"; in this usage its antecedent is unclear. “them” should logically refer to the "relaxations" but based on its position in the sentence it could also refer to “production houses”.

(B) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative piece of works to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry.

In placing "consider" at the beginning of the sentence, this choice is able to avoid a second use of the pronoun "them," correcting the pronoun issue. However, the use of "to be" in this context is unidiomatic. The proper idiom is "consider x y" not "consider x to be y." In this case "consider tax breaks . . . vital tools" is unidiomatic and thus incorrect.

(C) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allows production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider them vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

This choice does not solve the pronoun problem from the original sentence. Moreover it creates another error by using the singular verb “allows” for the plural noun “relaxations”.

(D) Proponents consider relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide the producers enough space to make creative pieces of work vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

CORRECT. In placing "consider" at the beginning of the sentence, this choice is able to avoid a second use of the pronoun "them," correcting the pronoun issue. It does not contain any other awkward or wordy construction.

(E) Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow production houses each year to provide them enough space to make creative pieces of work consider the relaxations to be vital for the economic growth of the entertainment industry

This choice avoids any pronoun ambiguity by replacing the second "them" in the original sentence with the use of "relaxations" after “consider.” However, the repetition of "relaxations" makes this choice somewhat wordy. A more apparent error is the use of "to be", which makes the construction “consider X to be Y” incorrect. Proper idiom is “consider X Y.”





that Censorship Board allow production ...
here subj is board, which is singular, why we use allow instead of allows??

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Proponents of relaxations that Censorship Board allow

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