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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 01:10
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C
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E

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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.
(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.

Please answer this and explain all the choices. I doubt the answer provided to me :madd , which I will let u guys know later.

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 01:50
I will go with E.
What is the OA?

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 02:21
It is A
The last sentence of the passage says so already. The football and hockey players are more agressive than swimmers

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 03:20
I vote for (A).

Conclusion of the article
= Hockey/football players are originally agressive people.

(A) says that football/hockey players are hostile and agressive all thru the year, whereas the swimmers are not.

(B) is out of scope. The conclusion has nothing to do with test-awareness.

(C) is out of scope. The conclusion has nothing to do with cooperation.

(D) is out of scope. The conclusion has nothing to do with players participating in both sports at the same time.

(E) is out of scope. The conclusion has nothing to do with baseball games.
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New post 21 Nov 2005, 04:59
I will go with A.
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New post 21 Nov 2005, 06:00
vc019 wrote:
I will go with E.
What is the OA?


Sorry for the mistake. that was a typo.
I go with 'A'.

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 13:52
I would vote for A.

The passage tries to disprove this argument, by saying that the football and hockey players were more aggressive to start with. however A states that they remained so during the off season and draws a connection between hockey and football players and aggression.

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 21:28
A is the best.

:)

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New post 21 Nov 2005, 21:55
Good show guys. OA is "A". My doubts are now clear.
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New post 21 Nov 2005, 22:13
The pyschological researchers conclude that contact sports encourage hostility and agressiveness than non-contact sports.

We can take B, C, and D out as these are not relevant.
We can also take E out as 'baseball' is not part of the discussion and so this answer is out of scope.
A is the best choice as it shows that football and hockey players remain agressive even during off-season, so it ties in with the psychologist's conclusion that such sports promote hostility and agressiveness.

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New post 22 Nov 2005, 09:34
Clearly, the football and hockey players are inherently more agressive as is demonstrated by their behavior in the off-season.

(A)

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