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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play

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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 19:04
I think you are right. This is so tricky.

GMATT75 wrote:
seekmba wrote:
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive —is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.
(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.


If I am not wrong, the red line portion marked above is the conclusion and we are asked to strengthen that one. that is why the correct answer should be A, which strengthen the conclusion..
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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2019, 07:45
Untenable means which cannot be defended against attack or unjustified. Wouldn't it change the meaning of the argument?
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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2019, 23:39
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja generis GMATGuruNY
Can you please explain this question ?

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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 00:23
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seekmba wrote:

Project CR Butler: Day 2:Critical Reasoning (CR1)


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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?


(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.

(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.

(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.

(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.


Research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming.
Researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive

The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.
Author's Conclusion - The researchers conclusion is untenable.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?

We are to ignore the author's conclusion and focus only on researcher's conclusion. We need to strengthen that contact sports encourage and teach hostility and aggression.

(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

Hostility increases during season and then stays put during off season too. Next season it would increase again and then stay at that level during off season. So it does seem to say that contact sports makes participants more hostile.

(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.

We don't know how the players reacted to this knowledge.

(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.

Irrelevant. We are discussing hostility aspect only.

(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.

People who participate in both are irrelevant.

(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.

Baseball is irrelevant.

Answer (A)
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Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2019, 11:29
Quote:
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers’ conclusion—that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive—is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.


Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?


Conclusion: contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive.
Now we need to select an option that strengthens it.

Quote:
(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

It is telling that football and Hockey players became more hostile during the season(it is saying that reason is contact sports) and stay so during off season.
Keep it until we find the next best.
Quote:
(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.

If being aware makes the people aggressive and hostile,How come this related to contact sports.
Irrelevant.
Quote:
(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.

So what it is not strengthening the conclusion.Actually it's doing nothing.Irrelevant
Eliminate C
Quote:
(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.

Irrelevant and Option A is better than this one
Eliminate D
Quote:
(E) Throughout the United States, more incidents of fan violence occur at baseball games than occur at hockey or football games.

Out of scope.
Eliminate E

A is the winner
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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2019, 09:17
Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football players are more quickly moved to hostility and aggression than are college athletes in noncontact sports such as swimming. But the researchers??? conclusion???that contact sports encourage and teach participants to be hostile and aggressive???is untenable. The football and hockey players were probably more hostile and aggressive to start with than the swimmers.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn by the psychological researchers?


(A) The football and hockey players became more hostile and aggressive during the season and remained so during the off-season, whereas there was no increase in aggressiveness among the swimmers.

(B) The football and hockey players, but not the swimmers, were aware at the start of the experiment that they were being tested for aggressiveness.

(C) The same psychological research indicated that the football and hockey players had a great respect for cooperation and team play, whereas the swimmers were most concerned with excelling as individual competitors.

(D) The research studies were designed to include no college athletes who participated in both contact and noncontact sports.
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Re: Psychological research indicates that college hockey and football play   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2019, 09:17

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