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Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams

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Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 07:03
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38% (02:15) correct 62% (02:27) wrong based on 321 sessions

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Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams result from electrical discharges in the brain, they must be understood purely in terms of their physiological function. They conclude, against, Freud, that dreams reveal nothing about the character of the dreamer. But since dream content varies enormously, then even if electrical discharges provide the terms of the physiological explanation of dreams, they cannot completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming.

The claim that dream content varies enormously plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is used to support the anti-Freudian conclusion that some psychologists draw concerning dreams
(B) It is used to support the explicitly stated conclusion that a fully satisfactory account of dreams must allow for the possibility of their revealing significant information about the dreamer
(C) It is used to suggest that neither Freud’s theory nor the theory of anti-Freudian psychologists can completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming
(D) It is used to illustrate the difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming
(E) it is used to undermine a claim that some psychologists use to argue against a view of Freud’s

Source: LSAT

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Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2019, 06:24
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rish2708 and RusskiyLev, think about the passage for a moment. We have a group of psychologists vs. Freud. Our end goal is not to prove the complete phenomenon of dreaming, but to point out a flaw in someone's reasoning. This is why (D) is wrong. We have no idea who is right about dreaming. Maybe someone is correct in the passage, or maybe there is a completely different explanation. Either way, it is not the purpose of that sentence.
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 09:01
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nightblade354 wrote:
Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams result from electrical discharges in the brain, they must be understood purely in terms of their physiological function. They conclude, against, Freud, that dreams reveal nothing about the character of the dreamer. But since dream content varies enormously, then even if electrical discharges provide the terms of the physiological explanation of dreams, they cannot completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming.

The claim that dream content varies enormously plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is used to support the anti-Freudian conclusion that some psychologists draw concerning dreams
(B) It is used to support the explicitly stated conclusion that a fully satisfactory account of dreams must allow for the possibility of their revealing significant information about the dreamer
(C) It is used to suggest that neither Freud’s theory nor the theory of anti-Freudian psychologists can completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming
(D) It is used to illustrate the difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming
(E) it is used to undermine a claim that some psychologists use to argue against a view of Freud’s

Source: LSAT

Kudos will be given to the BEST EXPLANATION posted before the OA is revealed!


Pre Thinking:
"Dream content varies enormously" acts as contrast to Freud's theory and psychologists against Freud.

(A) It is used to support the anti-Freudian conclusion that some psychologists draw concerning dreams
- Incorrect. It doesn't support Anti-Freudian conclusion
(B) It is used to support the explicitly stated conclusion that a fully satisfactory account of dreams must allow for the possibility of their revealing significant information about the dreamer
- Incorrect. It doesn't help in revealing any info about the dreamer
(C) It is used to suggest that neither Freud’s theory nor the theory of anti-Freudian psychologists can completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming
- Correct. This is in line with our Pre thinking
(D) It is used to illustrate the difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming
- Incorrect. This one is tempting but the statement in the stem doesn't illustrate anything
(E) it is used to undermine a claim that some psychologists use to argue against a view of Freud’s
- Incorrect. It doesn't support Freud's theory to undermine someone's claim who is against Freud
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2018, 05:07
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Revealed early! The OA is (E). As there were no correct solutions posted, no kudos have been awarded for this problem. Here is an explanation from Powerscore: https://forum.powerscore.com/lsat/viewtopic.php?t=10247

If further clarification is needed, please ask!
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2019, 05:35
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manass wrote:
Why is C wrong.?


manass,

If we refer to the passage as a whole, I believe the option C would be an appropriate choice.
However, if you pay attention, the question asks about the purpose of using the phrase "But since dream content varies enormously" by the author. And by using this phrase, his main purpose was to contradict to the statement preceding this phrase that the dream can be explained purely by electrical discharges.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2019, 17:45
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RusskiyLev wrote:
Hi, Please could you explain why option E is the best?
I chose the option D since it stated that there was a difficulty to come up with the complete explanation of dreaming.
I can see that the psychologist disagrees with the opinion of other psychologists about Freud's theory, but in the end of the passage he agrees that electrical discharges have an impact on dreams, even though they cannot explain it completely.
Because of the aforementioned reason, I went with option D

P.S. The link for some reason is not opening at my PC, thus, I cannot reach the official forum explanation.

I'm late to the party here, and I think nightblade354 probably covered this for most people. But I'll toss in my two cents, just in case it helps somebody.

Notice that the passage doesn't mention anything about the difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming. The psychologist simply concludes that electrical discharges alone "cannot completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming". (D) does NOT say, "... difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming SOLELY based on electrical discharges," so it's not quite accurate.

To answer the question, we need to establish the role played by the claim that "dream content varies widely" in the author's argument. Why exactly did the author include this claim? How does it fit in with the other pieces of his/her argument?

The claim that dream content varies enormously is used to undermine the claim that dreams must be understood PURELY in terms of their physiological function. That claim was used by some psychologists to argue against Freud. That makes (E) our answer.

I hope that helps!
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Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2019, 12:08
Hi, Please could you explain why option E is the best?
I chose the option D since it stated that there was a difficulty to come up with the complete explanation of dreaming.
I can see that the psychologist disagrees with the opinion of other psychologists about Freud's theory, but in the end of the passage he agrees that electrical discharges have an impact on dreams, even though they cannot explain it completely.
Because of the aforementioned reason, I went with option D

P.S. The link for some reason is not opening at my PC, thus, I cannot reach the official forum explanation.
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2019, 11:42
nightblade354 wrote:
Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams result from electrical discharges in the brain, they must be understood purely in terms of their physiological function. They conclude, against, Freud, that dreams reveal nothing about the character of the dreamer. But since dream content varies enormously, then even if electrical discharges provide the terms of the physiological explanation of dreams, they cannot completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming.

The claim that dream content varies enormously plays which one of the following roles in the argument?

(A) It is used to support the anti-Freudian conclusion that some psychologists draw concerning dreams
(B) It is used to support the explicitly stated conclusion that a fully satisfactory account of dreams must allow for the possibility of their revealing significant information about the dreamer
(C) It is used to suggest that neither Freud’s theory nor the theory of anti-Freudian psychologists can completely explain the phenomenon of dreaming
(D) It is used to illustrate the difficulty of providing a complete explanation of the phenomenon of dreaming
(E) it is used to undermine a claim that some psychologists use to argue against a view of Freud’s

Source: LSAT


Hello nightblade354 ,
For this question I chose D, but looking at the explaination in the forum, I see where I went wrong.

"Illustrates" means that this premise has been used to SUPPORT the difficulty that Scientists' might be facing. So if option D were true, then author would have spoken in line with Scientists right?

In the argument, the author is negative to the Scientists, thus "illustrates" can't be true.

Is this a proper way to understand why Option D is incorrect?

Regards,
Rishav
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Re: Psychologist: Some psychologists mistakenly argue that because dreams   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2019, 11:42
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