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Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 06:08
greatps24 wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.


Experts need to comment on ..."Least Strengthen" or "Least weaken".

In my opinion, anything that is irrelevant or weakens the conclusion/premise is "Least Strengthen"....and vice versa for "Least weaken"

Options B & C can be either strengthening or weakening based on assumption each individual perceives.

B & C (Weaken) - When we are sure that "photographic memories have better brains & cognitive abilities, the assumption is that.......there might be some people out there but not in the current selection who have such memory...So photographic memory is not a myth"

B & C ( Strengthen) - Assumption is ---Requirement for photographic memory is better brain & congnitive ability and we considered the best sample in a lot who have a higher chance of photographic memory and even these people dont have different brains or cognitive abilities....So photographic memory doesnt exist and it might be a myth

D is only irrelevant option.

In my opinion, this argument needs to many assumptions to arrive at the correct answer. So I dont think this is a good question overall...I may be completely wrong. I will wait for some experts such as veritas , e-gmat, mike etc to comment.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 06:26
Confusing for sure.

After evaluating all the options, A, B, C strengthen the premise. E is totally out of scope, so it neither weakens the argument nor strengthens it. D, however, slightly strengthens it.

I got it wrong. But after reading the explanations I understood. Thanks!!

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2013, 02:00
Psychologists are concerned with the different aspects of behaviour and mental processes and cannot prescribe medications. A clinical Psychologist uses psychotherapy and other counselling skills to improve emotional and mental health. Find the best Psychologists near your area for evaluation, diagnosis, counselling, and treatment of behaviour and mental processes.

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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TGC wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
Source: Veri Prep

Plz explain your answer


In my opinion , E is better than D. I am not sure how does E strengthen the conclusion.
Having hard time grasping the answer. How does E strengthen the argument "photographic memory is a myth" ?
D , to an extent strengthens , since scientists theories of mind have been discredited .
Appreciate if any of the veritas experts can help on this.

-Jyothi
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2013, 10:11
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average

I feel that option D actually strengthens the argument.

D) Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited. -> If the idea was proposed by a scientist whose theories have been widely discredited, doesn't he fall under the "ill-informed scientists" given in the question stem? If thats true, then doesn't it strengthen the argument that the photographic memory is a myth?

Please correct me if my reasoning is wrong.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2013, 02:33
Hi Denispatrick , Your shared very important and informative topic "Psychologist" I read out your post and get knowledge. I am new on gmtclub and looking some information about nursing home care and elder care. can you define nursing home...


Thanks in advance !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2013, 09:47
+1 for D.

how to go ahead with questions like

"Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?"

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2014, 15:15
gmacforjyoab wrote:
TGC wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
Source: Veri Prep

Plz explain your answer


In my opinion , E is better than D. I am not sure how does E strengthen the conclusion.
Having hard time grasping the answer. How does E strengthen the argument "photographic memory is a myth" ?
D , to an extent strengthens , since scientists theories of mind have been discredited .
Appreciate if any of the veritas experts can help on this.

-Jyothi


Hi,

if there is a requirement to enter the competition and this requirement is photographic memory, than there is a category of people that have photographic memory. And it is not a myth. and it weeken the argument. Here we are looking for a strenghtener.

this question is really strange because it says LEAST. But in fact you are just looking for a basic argument that will strenghten the author's claim.

Here D is the only one that strenghten. So it is the least and the strongest argument that goes in the author's direction.

Hope it helps
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2014, 23:59
gmacforjyoab wrote:
TGC wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
Source: Veri Prep

Plz explain your answer


In my opinion , E is better than D. I am not sure how does E strengthen the cionclusion.
Having hard time grasping the answer. How does E strengthen the argument "photographic memory is a myth" ?
D , to an extent strengthens , since scientists theories of mind have been discredited .
Appreciate if any of the veritas experts can help on this.

-Jyothi


Choice E strengthens because if photographic memory is not a requirement to qualify for the championship then the top competitors in the competition may not really possess photographic memory and the author cannot arrive at the conclusion that he does. So it is more relevant to the author's argument than choice D which really has little relevance to the logic of the author.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2014, 23:36
can someone please help,In these types of questions,what is that one thing,that creates a thin line of difference between least strenthen vs strenghten the most?..and what considerations should be taken into account?

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2014, 07:48
PREMISE. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

COUNTER PREMISE. Psychologist: photographic memory has been popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists.

CONCLUSION. Photographic memory is a myth.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.STRENGTHENER...AS it proves that those participating are neurologically indistinguishable people
People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general populationSTRENGTHENER ....that is what the conclusion says.
Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average....but here we have competitors who have cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average...hence nothing like photographic memory....strengthener..
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.....hold...this is no logic to discredit him after all he is a scientist.....
Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition...but it is not so hence it doesnt exist ...strengthener
Source: Veri Prep

IMO "D"

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2014, 07:21
Note that we are looking for an answer choice that will strengthen the argument that there is in fact such thing as a photographic memory. Therefore, if PM is needed to quality to a certain contest, we can e sure that the contestants possess this ability. Therefore

E is our best answer choice

Hope this helps!
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media [#permalink]

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clearly the contender are D and E

But E make the argument stronger because says that PM would be a requiremnt to partecipate so if you are qualified, your brain is different from the other people. So E is relevant to the argument

the least relevenat answer is D


I certainly don't think so. E says PM, IF IT EXISTS, blah blah blah. the 'IF IT EXISTS' makes the option very neutral. it doesn't support or weaken anything anymore. it just says if PM existed, this would be the case. so technically this option whether is true or not in itseld relies on the existence of PM.

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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greatps24 wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.




Hello experts,

I am really confused on how to deal with such "least strengthen" questions. Can you please help define a procedure to get the correct answer for such questions?

Thanks a lot in advance!!!
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Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2014, 06:00
greatps24 wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.


Conclusion: Photographic memory does not exist.
Why?-
Premise 1: Most top competitors at the championship have brains similar to those of the general public (questions I ask: should their brains be different from those of the general public? and are the competitors at the championship representative of people who may have photographic memory?)
Premise 2: Their cognitive abilities are seldom a std deviation above average (question i ask: should one's cognitive abilities be higher than a std deviation for one to have photographic memory

Quote:
Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory. This statement means that folks at the championship are representative of people who may have photographic memory. Hence the statement strengthens the argument

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.If people with phoo memory would have brains that are distinguishable from those of the general population, Premise 1 of the argument is strengthened. Hence this statement's out.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.This statement strengthens premise 2. Hence its out as well

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.This statement discredits the abilities of the individual who proposed the theory. Hence, it strengthens (slightly) the argument's conclusion the theory is flawed

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition. Even if photographic memory were an implicit requirement (the reason i say implicit is because of the phrase "if it exists" in the Ans choice) to qualify for the championship (which according to the question had several participants), it provides no information on whether photographic memory is a myth. This statement, as per me, adds no value to the argument. Thus it least strengtens the conclusion.


My choice: E

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2014, 23:06
(A) strengthens the argument by creating a greater connection between those who are participating in the competition and people who would have photographic memory (if it existed)

(B) strengthens the argument by strengthening the premise that the fact that these competitors are neurologically indistinguishable from the general population means that there is no photographic memory

(C) This one strengthens the final premise that the fact that these competitors have abilities that are seldom more than a SD above average means that there is no photographic memory

(D) seems appealing, but really it says nothing about the argument. just because his other theories have been discredited doesn't mean that this one has. Furthermore, just because he initially proposed it doesn't mean there weren't many other scientists who have since proved it.

(E) e also strengthens the argument, because it creates a greater connection between these competitors and people with photographic memory.
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Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
-> This option tells us that to get into the competition one need to have photographic memory. So , as per the question participants who are supposed to be with photo memory are not exhibiting any traits associated with it like superior nuerology, cognitive abilities etc. They appear to be quite ordinary with respect to these skills. So it heavily strenthens the argument presented here - photographic memory is a myth.

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
-> Obviously for a memory competition, people who will be competing will have sharp memory. If there is something called photographic memory, then definitely they will be first who will get ticket to such competitions due to their superior ability. But here our competitors are not exhibiting any traits associated with it like superior nuerology, cognitive abilities etc. They appear to be quite ordinary with respect to these skills. So it heavily strenthens the argument presented here - photographic memory is a myth.

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
-> Same reason as option B

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
-> This says that some scientist proposed this photographic memory. But his "theories of mind" was discredited, probably his some other research paper. This puts a question mark on his ability. Also, question is not mentioning anything about researchers associated with photo memory. So, this slightly helps to strengthen the argument - by saying that other works of the same scientist who proposed this theory got discredited hence there is high chance that this (photo memory) also could be a faux.

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
-> This is somewhat similar to the reason listed at option A.

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2015, 18:52
mikemcgarry, hey mike could you shed some light on this? This type of "least strengthen" question is not GMAT style right?

In the event that it is, is it true that we are only supposed to choose an option that least strengthens, NOT one that weakens? To me it is splitting hairs though. Isn't an option that weakens the conclusion one that also least strengthens the conclusion?

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2016, 03:10
I see that alternative E strengthens the idea of "right sample" because it states that people in a national memory competition would be the best ones to test the hypothesis in which premises "neurologically indistinguishable" and "cognitive habilities" are based on.

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some   [#permalink] 28 May 2016, 03:10

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