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Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some

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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2016, 01:41
prasannajeet wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.-Strengthen

People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.-Strengthen

Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.-Out of scope

Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.-Out of scope

Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.--Correct


Anyone shed light on it................

Rgds
Prasannajeet




It is majorly between D and E. D Clearly says that "Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited."
Here Photography is a Myth is the Premise followed by the action of discrediting. Notice the subtle word "Since" in the option. That means before his proposition that Photographic memory is a myth, he was a credited scientist. After the proposition, he wasn't. It is a clear case of causality . Hence it doesn't strengthen the argument whatsoever.
Whereas E says, "Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition." Although it subtly strengthens the argument, it does strengthen it.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 11:54
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 20:38
D is indeed the answer, "theories of minds" has nothing to do with the "photographic memory"
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Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 22:51
mohnish104 wrote:
Can somebody explain what E actually means. I am having a hard time understanding it.


(E) Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition

If photographic memory would be a requirement to qualify for a national memory competition
-> then every people in the competition will be people who have a photographic memory
-> then Top competitors are are those people who have photographic memory

in conclusion, It strengthen the argument.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 08:15
TGC wrote:
Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some ill-informed scientists, photographic memory is a myth. Most of the top competitors at this summer’s national memory championship have brains that are neurologically indistinguishable from those of the general population and cognitive abilities that are seldom more than a standard deviation above average.

Which of the following would LEAST strengthen the argument above?

The competitors at this summer’s championship are typical of the segment of the population thought to have photographic memory.
People with photographic memories would have brains that are neurologically distinguishable from those of the general population.
Photographic memory requires cognitive abilities more than a standard deviation above average.
Photographic memory was initially proposed by a scientist whose theories of mind have since been widely discredited.
Photographic memory, if it exists, would be a requirement even to qualify for a national memory competition.
Source: Veri Prep

Plz explain your answer


How does option A strengthen the argument? We need to prove that the "photographic memory" is a myth; we don't need to prove that the entire population consists of the photographic memory. This is HARDLY strengthening the argument.

Any clarification would be appreciated !!
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2017, 21:35
GMATNinja Could you kindly help us with this?

I am stuck between D and E and I selected E. Both D and E appear irrelevant to the argument.
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2018, 06:38
Archit143 wrote:
Hi
really excellent question.
Conclusion:Photographic memory is just a myth.
Premise: Top competitors at the competition have qualities comparable to the normal public.
Two characteristics of top competitors are presented.

Prethinking Assumption: The top competitors of the national competition are considered representative of excellent memory or If the photographic memory would have existed, than it would have been a criteria for qualifying in the competition (I mean if photographic memory existed , than for sure top competitors would have the foresaid quality).


Think of a kid who justifies his lower score by comparing his score to the the scores of toppers in his class. The argument is on similar lines.

Moreover, The stem asks which of the option Least Strengthen, ie the correct must also strengthen the argument.

B and C cannot strenghten the argument, hence can be rejected at first glance (They just repeat the characterstics, which is stated in the argumnet....not bringing new idea, hence cannot strengthen)

A is the most lucid assumption.....hence it strengthens, E also mentions one of the assumption, hence must strengthen.

D strengthens but least among all 3 correct options. It just states the scientist who proposed the photographic memory is widely discredited.


This sums it up really well , i chose B initially but later realized "Weaken" is not same as "Least Strengthens".

Thanks a lot :)
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Re: Psychologist: Though popularized by the media and even some &nbs [#permalink] 09 Feb 2018, 06:38

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