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Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig

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Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Sep 2018, 21:28
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A
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D
E

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Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these being a distinct characteristic.


A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these

B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs

C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics

D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these

E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics

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Originally posted by reto on 03 Aug 2015, 22:31.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Sep 2018, 21:28, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 03:42
1
A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these --- 'These' has no proper reference- Is it referring to the lyrics or the songs?
B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs --- The lyrics of the songs? Songs with lyrics is the original intent.
C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics – Correct parallelism with the songs having three parallel elements, the last one marked by the conjunction ‘and’ – best of the lot
D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these --- 'These' is wrong
E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics -- The songs have three parallel elements of equal importance. Making them into just two, with the last one as an additional info is altering the intent. If we do so for some reason, an ‘and ‘should be inserted between ‘political, anti-establishment’
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 11:13
the sentence is trying to convey 3 characteristics of Punk Rock Music :
- High-tempo
- aggressive
- short songs with often political,anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation
Only Option C represent the List properly and conveys the intended meaning

A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these
B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs (not the intended meaning)
C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics : Correct
D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these
E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 17:07
1
reto wrote:
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these being a distinct characteristic.

A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these
B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs
C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics
D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these
E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics


I can't get structure of this sentence. Can somebody please point out on the mistake in my perception:

Punk rock music
____developed [verb] during the mid-seventies
____and consists [verb] -- [list of from what consist music]
__________ of high-tempo,
__________ aggressive,
__________ and short songs -- [modifier of songs]
_______________ with often political,
_______________ anti-establishment lyrics
________________and stripped-down instrumentation,
[what is this and to what it connected?] the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

If we make version without modifiers when we received:
Music developed and consists of songs, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 23:03
Harley1980 wrote:
reto wrote:
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these being a distinct characteristic.

A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these
B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs
C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics
D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these
E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics


I can't get structure of this sentence. Can somebody please point out on the mistake in my perception:

Punk rock music
____developed [verb] during the mid-seventies
____and consists [verb] -- [list of from what consist music]
__________ of high-tempo,
__________ aggressive,
__________ and short songs -- [modifier of songs]
_______________ with often political,
_______________ anti-establishment lyrics
________________and stripped-down instrumentation,
[what is this and to what it connected?] the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

If we make version without modifiers when we received:
Music developed and consists of songs, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.



Hi Harley1980

Here you find the OE: https://gmat.economist.com/gmat-practic ... tions-this

I am not sure what you mean by the last question. The last part is there to describe/modify the lyrics. In answer choice A, D there is pronoun ambiguity created. B is in this way redundant "the lyrics of the songs" > too wordy, "of the songs" is not necessary to understand the sentence. Finally it's just between C and E. Here we are again, E uses "as well as", and as I learned it, "and" is superior to "as well as".

I hope I could helpe you here a little?

Have a good day
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2018, 09:36
GMATNinja

Could any of the experts clarify the role of the last phrase " the lyrics being a distinct characteristic." is it a modifier modifying "political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation" ?

Thank you
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 12:38
1
VodkaHelps wrote:
GMATNinja

Could any of the experts clarify the role of the last phrase " the lyrics being a distinct characteristic." is it a modifier modifying "political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation" ?

Thank you

"Being a distinct characteristic" is giving us additional information about the aforementioned "lyrics." If you like terminology, when a sentence repeats a noun and then offers a description, it's called a resumptive modifier. For example, "Amy ate so many undercooked pancakes that she began to feel sick, the pancakes obliterating her intestines and rendering her a doubled-over husk of the athlete she'd once been." "Pancakes" is repeated to provide additional info. The terminology is less important than knowing that this is a perfectly legitimate thing to do.

But now that I'm thinking about it: maybe some vodka would have helped Amy in this situation? :)

I hope that helps!
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 17:58
Here I didn't understand how verbs developed and consist of are parallel.

Moreover, how punk rock music developed X.

What I think about correct statement is as below.
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

Am I wrong? If yes, please tell me why to come out of this doubt cloud?


Harley1980 wrote:
reto wrote:
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these being a distinct characteristic.

A. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, these
B. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics of the songs
C. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics
D. often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation as well as aggressive, high-tempo, and short songs, these
E. high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics as well as stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics


I can't get structure of this sentence. Can somebody please point out on the mistake in my perception:

Punk rock music
____developed [verb] during the mid-seventies
____and consists [verb] -- [list of from what consist music]
__________ of high-tempo,
__________ aggressive,
__________ and short songs -- [modifier of songs]
_______________ with often political,
_______________ anti-establishment lyrics
________________and stripped-down instrumentation,
[what is this and to what it connected?] the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

If we make version without modifiers when we received:
Music developed and consists of songs, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 21:25
GMATNinja wrote:
VodkaHelps wrote:
GMATNinja

Could any of the experts clarify the role of the last phrase " the lyrics being a distinct characteristic." is it a modifier modifying "political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation" ?

Thank you

"Being a distinct characteristic" is giving us additional information about the aforementioned "lyrics." If you like terminology, when a sentence repeats a noun and then offers a description, it's called a resumptive modifier. For example, "Amy ate so many undercooked pancakes that she began to feel sick, the pancakes obliterating her intestines and rendering her a doubled-over husk of the athlete she'd once been." "Pancakes" is repeated to provide additional info. The terminology is less important than knowing that this is a perfectly legitimate thing to do.

But now that I'm thinking about it: maybe some vodka would have helped Amy in this situation? :)

I hope that helps!


Thank you for the answer. So it sounds like resumptive modifier is, in fact, similar noun + noun modifier? The only difference is "noun + noun modifier" uses a synonym to the object/subject in the mainclause, but resumptive modifier actually repeats that same subject/object?

Vodka indeed helps in all situations)))
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 15:00
gvij2017 wrote:
Here I didn't understand how verbs developed and consist of are parallel.

Moreover, how punk rock music developed X.

What I think about correct statement is as below.
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

Am I wrong? If yes, please tell me why to come out of this doubt cloud?

It's fine to switch verb tenses, as long as the switch is logical. In this case, the music developed in the past (the mid-seventies), but still consists of certain types songs in the present.

And "developed" in this case means something similar to "evolved." If I write, "The music evolved," I have a complete sentence, right? The same way "evolved" doesn't require an object in the preceding example, "developed" doesn't require one in this sentence.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 15:35
1
VodkaHelps wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
VodkaHelps wrote:
GMATNinja

Could any of the experts clarify the role of the last phrase " the lyrics being a distinct characteristic." is it a modifier modifying "political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation" ?

Thank you

"Being a distinct characteristic" is giving us additional information about the aforementioned "lyrics." If you like terminology, when a sentence repeats a noun and then offers a description, it's called a resumptive modifier. For example, "Amy ate so many undercooked pancakes that she began to feel sick, the pancakes obliterating her intestines and rendering her a doubled-over husk of the athlete she'd once been." "Pancakes" is repeated to provide additional info. The terminology is less important than knowing that this is a perfectly legitimate thing to do.

But now that I'm thinking about it: maybe some vodka would have helped Amy in this situation? :)

I hope that helps!


Thank you for the answer. So it sounds like resumptive modifier is, in fact, similar noun + noun modifier? The only difference is "noun + noun modifier" uses a synonym to the object/subject in the mainclause, but resumptive modifier actually repeats that same subject/object?

Vodka indeed helps in all situations)))

Correct!

(Public service announcement: vodka doesn't always help the next morning. :) And here's a public service announcement about... tequila!)
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2018, 13:56
GMATNinja wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
Here I didn't understand how verbs developed and consist of are parallel.

Moreover, how punk rock music developed X.

What I think about correct statement is as below.
Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of high-tempo, aggressive, and short songs with often political, anti-establishment lyrics and stripped-down instrumentation, the lyrics being a distinct characteristic.

Am I wrong? If yes, please tell me why to come out of this doubt cloud?

It's fine to switch verb tenses, as long as the switch is logical. In this case, the music developed in the past (the mid-seventies), but still consists of certain types songs in the present.

And "developed" in this case means something similar to "evolved." If I write, "The music evolved," I have a complete sentence, right? The same way "evolved" doesn't require an object in the preceding example, "developed" doesn't require one in this sentence.

I hope that helps!



Dear GMATNinja

Can you please shed light about why choice E is wrong? what is the difference in meaning by using 'as well as' instead of 'and' in OA?
Thanks
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Re: Punk rock music developed during the mid-seventies and consists of hig &nbs [#permalink] 26 Sep 2018, 13:56
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