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# Q20: Scientists typically do their most creative work before

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Q20: Scientists typically do their most creative work before [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2007, 10:02
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Q20:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.
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cool

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08 Jun 2007, 11:24
I think E
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08 Jun 2007, 11:29
go with [D]
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08 Jun 2007, 14:15
I think it's D.
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08 Jun 2007, 14:57
D for me.
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08 Jun 2007, 15:22
jet1445 wrote:
Q20:
Scientists typically do their most creative work before the age of forty. It is commonly thought that this happens because aging by itself brings about a loss of creative capacity. However, studies show that a disproportionately large number of the scientists who produce highly creative work beyond the age of forty entered their field at an older age than is usual. Since by the age of forty the large majority of scientists have been working in their field for at least fifteen years, the studies’ finding strongly suggests that the real reason why scientists over forty rarely produce highly creative work is not that they have simply aged but rather that they generally have spent too long in a given field.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation.
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.

the two statements in the boldface are opposing each other,there on explanation must be in defence and the other must be a chaalange

A. The first is the position that the argument as a whole opposes; the second is an objection that has been raised against a position defended in the argument.first positon is not opposing the whole argument therefore incorrect.
B. The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that position.the first is not a claim but an explanation to a claim therefore incorrect
C. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding that has been used in support of that explanation. the first is not an explanation that an argument challange therefore incorrect
D. The first is an explanation that the argument challenges; the second is a finding on which that challenge is based.First is not a challange its a general view therefore in correct
E. The first is an explanation that the argument defends; the second is a finding that has been used to challenge that explanation.this is the correct answer for me

therefore E
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08 Jun 2007, 21:03
Another good question!!!
I think its B...not sure.
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08 Jun 2007, 23:05
D.
08 Jun 2007, 23:05
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