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# Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of

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Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2005, 13:29
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Q23:
A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted pedestrians right-of-way.
A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, granting
C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by JarvisR on 23 Jul 2015, 10:41, edited 1 time in total.
OA updated
If you have any questions
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2005, 18:24
A is the best choice.
Maintains parallelism with consistent tense usage.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2005, 12:54
OA is E.
it is a meaning and ||ism question.

the law is regulating the use of bicycles mandated X.......required y, and granted Z....

Only E does the job. So E is the OE.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2005, 13:07
Oh I also missed this one. Got A, but agree with nakib77 that E is the best.

To regulate the use of bicycle the city did X Y Z.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2005, 11:06
Actually agree with the OA on this one. Read it again carefully gsr and it will make sense. The sentence must finish in the past tense verb without the unclear pronoun it.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2005, 11:27
GMATT73 wrote:
Actually agree with the OA on this one. Read it again carefully gsr and it will make sense. The sentence must finish in the past tense verb without the unclear pronoun it.

Yes. you are right.
In fact I didn't read the other choices at all!!
Just looked at "regulated...required of...granted" and said A.
Another way of how not to do answer SC!
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2005, 13:19
Found another reason for not to choose A.

it is not required in choice A

(and it granted pedestrians right-of-way)
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2005, 22:30
A,B are out -> regulated is wrong.
D is out -> mandting is wrong
C is out -> 'that' in the sentence (that they kee feet on pedals) is not required

E is the best choice.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2013, 13:16
why reugalated is wrong ? i was stuck between A and E
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 09:00
I think it is easy... A

B Use of granting made it a modifier which is incorrect.

C, D and E - A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulating ... , and makes it is a indpendent clause for which there is not verb.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 09:31
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AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
I think it is easy... A

B Use of granting made it a modifier which is incorrect.

C, D and E - A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulating ... , and makes it is a indpendent clause for which there is not verb.

Hi amit,

OA : E

A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted".
Finally, "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, granting
you can't have a list without "and" in front of the final element.
as in (a), "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars
at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted"
.

D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
not a sentence. you can't use "-ing" forms as verbs.
also, "granted" is not parallel to the "-ing" forms anyway.

E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, and granted
correct.
note that "regulating the use of bicycles" is NOT parallel to the other items. this is the way the sentence should be written.

HOPE IT HELPS
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 10:27
great reply blueseas..i dint notice the use of gerrund
thnks
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2013, 13:44
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The only reason E appalled me is the lack of a comma before the "mandated" therefore considered as a running sentence.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2013, 16:10
blueseas wrote:
AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
I think it is easy... A

B Use of granting made it a modifier which is incorrect.

C, D and E - A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulating ... , and makes it is a indpendent clause for which there is not verb.

Hi amit,

OA : E

A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted".
Finally, "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, granting
you can't have a list without "and" in front of the final element.
as in (a), "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars
at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted"
.

D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
not a sentence. you can't use "-ing" forms as verbs.
also, "granted" is not parallel to the "-ing" forms anyway.

E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, and granted
correct.
note that "regulating the use of bicycles" is NOT parallel to the other items. this is the way the sentence should be written.

HOPE IT HELPS

If B was written as below , would it be right ?
regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour and required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, granting

I thought regulated , mandated and required are in a list and should be parallel.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2013, 21:32
A4G wrote:
blueseas wrote:
AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
I think it is easy... A

B Use of granting made it a modifier which is incorrect.

C, D and E - A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulating ... , and makes it is a indpendent clause for which there is not verb.

Hi amit,

OA : E

A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted".
Finally, "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, granting
you can't have a list without "and" in front of the final element.
as in (a), "regulated the use of bicycles" SHOULD NOT be parallel to the other elements, because the ideas aren't parallel. (all the other ideas in the list are subsumed under "regulated the use of bicycles".)

C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars
at all times, and it granted
not parallel.
you can't have just "mandated" in parallel to "IT granted"
.

D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
not a sentence. you can't use "-ing" forms as verbs.
also, "granted" is not parallel to the "-ing" forms anyway.

E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all
times, and granted
correct.
note that "regulating the use of bicycles" is NOT parallel to the other items. this is the way the sentence should be written.

HOPE IT HELPS

If B was written as below , would it be right ?
regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour and required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, granting

I thought regulated , mandated and required are in a list and should be parallel.

Hi AG
The parallel structure is: mandated || required || granted. <== Results of a new regulation.
In your version of B, the parallel structure can't be hold because:
- "regulated" should not be a main verb, but rather a verb-ing modifier. If "regulated" || mandated || ..... ==> It does not make sense.
- "granting" used as verb-ing modifier is not correct. It should be a main verb rather than a modifier.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 23:43
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Meaning: A NY city ordinance of 1897 (about what) regulating the use of bicycle
(what it does) 1)mandated...... ,2) required...., and 3)granted...
3 things are parallel.Now check answer which conveys similar meaning.

A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted ...... Not parallel it granted and regulated incorrectly consider as 4 item in the list
B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, granting .... Not parallel granting and regulated.
C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted... same as A
D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted.... Same as B
E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted ... Corrected regulating as the description of ordinance and 3 items of list in parallel (mandated,required,granted).

E is correct.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2015, 09:30
nakib77 wrote:
Q23:
A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted pedestrians right-of-way.

A. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required of cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
here the list is not properly connected. before required and is needed.
ordinance 1) regulated; 2)mandated; and 3)required

B. regulated the use of bicycles, mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, granting
same mistake as in A.

C. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and it granted
now the list is changed. regulating modifies the ordinance, and the ordinance now has 2 verbs: mandated and required. again the list is not properly connected.

D. regulating the use of bicycles, mandating a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, requiring of cyclists that they keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
changes the 3 verbs into ing modifiers. the ordinance now does not have a verb.

E. regulating the use of bicycles mandated a maximum speed of eight miles an hour, required cyclists to keep feet on pedals and hands on handlebars at all times, and granted
now regulating modifies the ordinance, which has 3 verbs that are parallel: mandated, required and granted.
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Re: Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 03:04
In (E), is a comma between 'bicycles' and 'mandated' required? Per the rules that I have learnt, NOUN + NO COMMA + PAST PARTICIPLE = omitted relative pronoun and verb 'be' e.g. 'which had' or similar. Bicycles didn't mandate anything. Hence, I eliminated (E).

Am I confusing 'mandated' between a past participle with past simple tense?

Thanks
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Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2016, 12:55
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rs1 wrote:
In (E), is a comma between 'bicycles' and 'mandated' required? Per the rules that I have learnt, NOUN + NO COMMA + PAST PARTICIPLE = omitted relative pronoun and verb 'be' e.g. 'which had' or similar. Bicycles didn't mandate anything. Hence, I eliminated (E).

Am I confusing 'mandated' between a past participle with past simple tense?

Thanks

A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulating the use of bicycles mandated...., required......, and granted...........

Subject: A New York City ordinance of 1897
Verb: mandated, required, granted (3 parallel verbs in simple past tense)
Modifier for the subject: regulating the use of bicycles

We do not need a comma before "regulating", since this present participle modifier is an essential (or restrictive) modifier - it defines the ordinance - there could be many City ordinances in 1897; the modifier specifies which of those ordinances is discussed here.
Q23: A New York City ordinance of 1897 regulated the use of   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2016, 12:55

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