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# Q37 Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,

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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
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Q37 Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2007, 03:30
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Q37
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

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Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 754

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Re: SC: Set 26 Q 37 [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2007, 04:46
sidbidus wrote:
Q37
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
Eliminate; modifier error. Sounds like distances are prevented which makes no sense.

B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
same as A.

C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by

D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of

E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by
Eliminate; changes the meaning of the sentence; 'the travel' is not 'preventing'

So we are left w/ C & D. I was quite confused b/w the 2 but I picked C because it conveys the meaning better. In choice D, it sounds like dissipation was caused by the boundaries in the ocean[due to the use of 'as a result of']; instead, we want to convey that the dissipation was prevented by the boundaries in the ocean.

Answer: C

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CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2554

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Re: SC: Set 26 Q 37 [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2007, 23:03
sidbidus wrote:
Q37
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

A: prevented.. this is a misplaced modifier. What prevents the acoustic energy from dissipating... the boundries... this sentence makes it sound like the "sound can travel...." is modifiying this. Incorrect.
B: same problem
E: even more obvious of a modifier error here.
D: use of being and longer than C.

C it is. no modifier error and concise.

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Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2007
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Re: SC: Set 26 Q 37 [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2007, 23:55
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
Q37. Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.

A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

E. for proper modifieer

E is the answer ..

its like cause/effect relationship.. hence ing form..

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Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Sep 2005
Posts: 313

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Re: SC: Set 26 Q 37 [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2007, 02:21
sidbidus wrote:
Q37
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

C for me simple, idiomatic & straight

EDIT---now i can see y E

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Manager
Joined: 30 Oct 2007
Posts: 82

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Re: SC: Set 26 Q 37 [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2007, 05:48
sidbidus wrote:
Q37
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,
prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different
temperatures and densities.
A. prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a
result of
B. prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
C. its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
D. its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as
a result of
E preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

gerund parallelism (...ing ..... ing....) therefore E.

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Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2007
Posts: 147

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Schools: UCLA Anderson School of Mgmt (FEMBA Class of 2013)
WE 1: 7.5 years in Engg. Consulting

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31 Oct 2007, 09:15
E should be correct. Use of adverbial modifier which modifies the sentence before it. Sentence says sound can...., the sentence after the comma modifies what was said before. Think of it this way if you take away the second sentence still the first should make sense, that is second sentence is a modifying phrase. E properly uses "its" for sound and shows present tense and matches the tense in the first sentence.

A similar example:

The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, previously unseen moons circling Uranus, doubling to the 12 the number of satellites now known to orbit the distant planet. OG 11 Qn 71.

Hope this helps.

Soomodh

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31 Oct 2007, 09:15
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# Q37 Sound can travel through water for enormous distances,

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