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Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of

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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2014, 21:46
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2014, 21:55
Marcab wrote:
Many thanks for the reply.
"....are result of technological
stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders
so that several attempts to revise corporate strategies have failed
to correct it"
"HOW"are the company's present troubles a result of technological
stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders?
ANSWER: Because several attempts to revise corporate strategies have failed to correct the company's troubles.

As far as I think, if one is able to create a "how" question and is able to answer it, then the in that construction is valid.
Please let me know if I am missing something. I feel I am pretty naive in SC.

Moreover, please elaborate how you prefer "revising to" over "revising at". Both to and at are preposition and hence are followed by noun. What's wrong in that?


Experts,

Can someone answer the above query?

I have the same one.

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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2014, 08:16
Without "them" in C, the sentence is not even complete.

One way to think about "in that" is that it expresses specific information to elaborate on a general statement.
For e.g. Humans are mammals in that they are warm-blooded.
"In that" explains "in what way" humans belong to the general category of mammals.

Back to the question. First, the antecedent of "them" is unclear.
Let us assume that "them" refers to the correct antecedent. Now ask whether "in that" makes sense.

"The company's troubles are the result of X problems" in that "Y attempts have failed to correct the X problems".
Here, does "Y attempts..." explain how or in what way "the company's troubles are the result of those problems"? To be able to explain it, the attempts would need to have come first. But the attempts to correct can only have come after the problems were discovered, not before.

In this question, the sequence of events is more like this: Stagnation/missteps/blunders -> troubles -> attempts.

At best, the two threads provide independent pieces of information. "In that" incorrectly links them.
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2014, 07:47
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This sentence, among other things, entails the intrinsic knowledge of common English constructions.

“so that” is used to introduce the concept of consequence. For instance,

I am studying hard for the GMAT, so that I can get a good score.
The president is tapering IT industries’ tax-breaks so that his approval rating will rise.
Europe will rebuff any nuclear power-plant project so that the risk of potential trouble is greatly diminished.

A, B, C “so that” construction in this sentence is logically out of place.

A) pronoun "it" is un-necessary and ambiguous. You don’t say “This is the car that I sold it.
B) fragment: the sentence is incomplete.
C) “in that” is completely wrong. Moreover “them” is un-necessary and ambiguous.
D) this is the correct answer. Every issue has been addressed. (“so that” construction has been discarded, “attempts to” substituted with “attempts at”, and “it/them” removed.
E) “them” once again is not necessary and wrong.

>> Hope it Helps
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2015, 08:19
rohansherry wrote:
Q40
The computer company’s present troubles are a result of technological
stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders
so that several attempts to revise corporate strategies have failed
to correct it.


A. so that several attempts to revise corporate strategies have
failed to correct it.
B. so that several attempts at revising corporate strategies have
failed to correct
C. in that several attempts at revising corporate strategies have
failed to correct them
D. that several attempts to revise corporate strategies have
failed to correct
E. that several attempts at revising corporate strategies have
failed to correct them
answer


Please find detail explanation from egmat here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plZjX81xByE

I have one question: how can we differentiate situation in which "that" clause modifies the whole list with situation in which it modifies only the final noun?

Thank you
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 02:10
To attempt and to revise has to be parallel. Eliminate BCE.
Also in A - What does it refer to ? Why do we have "so that" ? - Eliminate - A too
Hence left with D
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 16:53
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 19:47
Dear experts,

As per the meaning of the sentence, the Object of the verb Have Failed To Correct are 'technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders'?

So, is the real meaning as follows?
Several attempts to revise business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.

Last edited by ravi19012015 on 23 Feb 2017, 22:10, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 20:49
ravi19012015 wrote:
Dear experts,

As per the meaning of the sentence, the Object of the verb Have Failed To Correct are 'technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders'?

So, is the real meaning as follows?
Several attempts to correct business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, resulting into the company's present troubles.
Not exactly. You're taking this as the failure of the attempts to correct TS, MM, and MB has led to the present troubles. The most likely scenario is:
(a) TS, MM, and MB led to present troubles.
(b) Several attempts to correct TS, MM, and MB have failed.
but
(c) We don't know whether the attempts were made before or after TS, MM, and MB led to the troubles.

For example, in this situation is the result of errors that technicians have failed to fix, we can't say whether the technicians tried fixing the errors before the situation came about or after the situation came about. So although we can definitely say that the errors led to the situation, we can't say for sure that the failure of the attempts (assume that the word applies to this example) to fix the errors led to the situation. That could be why the situation hasn't been resolved, but the situation may have existed before the attempts.
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Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 21:37
AjiteshArun wrote:
ravi19012015 wrote:
Dear experts,

As per the meaning of the sentence, the Object of the verb Have Failed To Correct are 'technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders'?

So, is the real meaning as follows?
Several attempts to correct business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, resulting into the company's present troubles.
Not exactly. You're taking this as the failure of the attempts to correct TS, MM, and MB has led to the present troubles. The most likely scenario is:
(a) TS, MM, and MB led to present troubles.
(b) Several attempts to correct TS, MM, and MB have failed.
but
(c) We don't know whether the attempts were made before or after TS, MM, and MB led to the troubles.

For example, in this situation is the result of errors that technicians have failed to fix, we can't say whether the technicians tried fixing the errors before the situation came about or after the situation came about. So although we can definitely say that the errors led to the situation, we can't say for sure that the failure of the attempts (assume that the word applies to this example) to fix the errors led to the situation. That could be why the situation hasn't been resolved, but the situation may have existed before the attempts.


Thank you for your inputs.
If I rephrase as follows:
'Several attempts to correct business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.'
That better?
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 21:57
ravi19012015 wrote:
Thank you for your inputs.
If I rephrase as follows:
'Several attempts to correct business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.'
That better?
Both your sentences are on the right track (check whether you want to go with resulting in or with resulting into because in sounds better to me) if you want to communicate that meaning. If you're trying to check whether your sentences are conveying the same meaning that the correct option is, then the answer to that is no. The correct option can help us say only "TMM -> troubles" for sure, whereas your sentences are going with "Failure to correct TMM -> troubles".
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 22:13
AjiteshArun wrote:
ravi19012015 wrote:
Thank you for your inputs.
If I rephrase as follows:
'Several attempts to correct business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.'
That better?
Both your sentences are on the right track (check whether you want to go with resulting in or with resulting into because in sounds better to me) if you want to communicate that meaning. If you're trying to check whether your sentences are conveying the same meaning that the correct option is, then the answer to that is no. The correct option can help us say only "TMM -> troubles" for sure, whereas your sentences are going with "Failure to correct TMM -> troubles".


Appreciate it.

Sorry for stretching, but I made a mistake while drafting my original sentence.
I have written it afresh - Several attempts to revise[earlier the word was Correct, which is not what Q suggests] business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.
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ravi19012015 wrote:
Appreciate it.

Sorry for stretching, but I made a mistake while drafting my original sentence.
I have written it afresh - Several attempts to revise[earlier the word was Correct, which is not what Q suggests] business strategies have failed to correct technological stagnation, marketing missteps, and managerial blunders, a failure that resulted into the company's present troubles.
No problem. In your sentence, we're using a failure that to refer to entire clause (several attempt have failed). This means that the failure led to the troubles. But that is not the information conveyed by the correct option. Try this with another sentence:

The misunderstanding is due to errors in the email that no one has been able to fix.

Here the errors have created a misunderstanding, but the sentence does not say for certain that the failure to fix those errors is what has created the misunderstanding. So, for example, we cannot say that the following sentence conveys the same meaning:

No one has been able to fix the errors in the email, a failure that resulted in the misunderstanding.
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Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 04:28
The experts response request raised for this topic has already been answered by the Jamboree GMAT instructor - hence closing this request.
Re: Q40 The computer companys present troubles are a result of   [#permalink] 25 Feb 2017, 04:28

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