It is currently 20 Nov 2017, 01:09

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

QOTD: A study released by a major medical center

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
D
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4685

Kudos [?]: 17626 [0], given: 1986

Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2017, 15:02
Expert's post
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (04:01) correct 58% (02:12) wrong based on 179 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 112: Critical Reasoning


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS
For All QOTD Questions Click Here


A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Kudos [?]: 17626 [0], given: 1986

Expert Post
4 KUDOS received
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1160

Kudos [?]: 1872 [4], given: 449

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170
QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2017, 15:03
4
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Notice that the goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke, not among stroke victims in general. To achieve this goal, the medical center implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Again, the program is only targeting patients who have risk factors for stroke.

Those educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, are based on the finding that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Thus, the medical center hopes that the educational materials will encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention and, thus, avoid major complications.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal of reducing the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke?

Quote:
(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.

The program is not aimed at first-time stroke victims who did not have risk factors prior to their first stroke. Rather, the program is aimed at patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Thus, choice (A) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal.

Quote:
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.

The educational materials are designed to encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms. But if stroke victims themselves are rarely aware of the fact that they are experiencing stroke symptoms, they will not be able to act on this advice. This would limit the extent to which the program meets its goal, so keep (B).

Quote:
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.

The program's goal is not to eliminate the incidence of major complications after a stroke. Rather than goal is to
Quote:
reduce
the incidence of major complications. The program can still achieve this goal even if some stroke victims experience major complications after seeking immediate medical attention. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.

Just because the materials have been readily available on the Internet for several years does not mean that those with risk factors for a stroke have seen or studied those materials. Thus, this statement does not strongly suggest that reviewing those materials with patients who have risk factors for stroke would not be beneficial or that the program will not meet its goal. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.

The fact that many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke suggests that stroke victims might have trouble seeking medical assistance. By itself, this could limit the extent to which the program meets its goal. However, since patients are given wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance, this potential obstacle has been removed. Thus, choice (E) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal.

Choice (B) is the best answer.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Friendly warning: I'm bad at PMs

GMAT Ninja Wednesdays LIVE on YouTube
Join us, and ask your questions in advance!

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99... in any section order

YouTube verbal webinars:
"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning | Simplifying GMAT verb tenses | Comparisons, part I |
November webinar schedule

Kudos [?]: 1872 [4], given: 449

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 574

Kudos [?]: 145 [0], given: 132

QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2017, 15:46
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A difficult one. It's between A and E.

A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

Our aim is to weaken the argument. We need to show that the plan won't meet it's expected results. The conclusion of the passage is "The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke" and in order to achieve this the doctors are required to review the study material.

(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke. -The argument is about patients that have risk factors. Besides, first time stroke victims aren't the only ones in the world who have stroke. The study is not limited to such people, so such first timers that don't have risk factors are out of scope of the argument and are not the correct sample of population that the author wants to work upon.
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves. -We are not worried about who is able to identify the symptoms. And if the victims are unable to identify the symptoms then it becomes even more important for the doctors to review the material. In a way it is strengthening the argument.
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications. -These "some" exceptions will always be there.
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years. -Okay let it be on the internet. Out of scope.
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button. -Correct. By POE I arrived at this option.
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Helpful links:
1. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation

Kudos [?]: 145 [0], given: 132

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 May 2017
Posts: 27

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 22

GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V27
QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2017, 23:30
My two cents on the question!

This is a Plan of action type questions. The correct weaken answer to this type of question is of two types
1) the plan cannot be implemented or
2) the plan has side effects

Problem: People ignore symptoms of stroke at early stage and hence when they have a stroke it is accompanied by other complications such as paralysis and brain damage.
Solution: Educate people who have risk factors of stroke to get immediate treatment when they experience the symptoms.
Result: Lesser people with complications.

Option A States that most first time stroke victims are not previously diagnosed as having risk factors of stroke. If people are not even diagnosed with risk factors of stroke, will they attend the program implemented by the medical committee? (note the program is held for people who have risk factors of stroke)
Clearly shows that the plan is not implementable if this is the case.

P.S- we are concerned here with people who have not yet had a stoke (or potential stroke victims). People who have already experienced a stroke, have already been treated. So do not let the first time stroke fool you here!

Eagerly waiting for official answer.

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 22

2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Status: Don't watch the clock,Do what it does, Keep Going.
Joined: 10 Jan 2017
Posts: 47

Kudos [?]: 17 [2], given: 53

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 04:48
2
This post received
KUDOS
A. out of context
B. People suffering from strokes if they don't realize that they suffered from a stroke then they won't bother to get it treated as they would be completely unaware of the fact that they even had one. The term " Rarely" is the key
C. out of context
D. This does not help us at all
E. This option does quite the opposite of what is being asked.
Ans - B

Kudos [?]: 17 [2], given: 53

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 18 Nov 2009
Posts: 65

Kudos [?]: 10 [1], given: 64

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 09:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
A for me too.
The program misses a part of its target by targeting only people already identified as having risk factors for stroke.
B would be a close contender but I would think A is a more significant flaw?

Kudos [?]: 10 [1], given: 64

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 May 2017
Posts: 77

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 87

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 09:50
Tricky One
Confused between A and B
Chose A but now I think it is B

If patient are not identified with stroke factors they will not attend and this fails the purpose of the program but there is a catch 'most first time victims '

Whereas B also weakens
If stroke victim is unable to identify the symptoms then there is no use of any training material (unless given to all people so they can identify if someone around them shows stroke symptom )

Awaiting Expert comments

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Kudos please if explanation helped
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Don't stop when you are tired , stop when you are DONE .

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 87

2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 25 Jun 2014
Posts: 10

Kudos [?]: 2 [2], given: 54

Location: India
Schools: Insead Sept'18
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.9
QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 10:06
2
This post received
KUDOS
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.


The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.

Kudos [?]: 2 [2], given: 54

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 18 Nov 2009
Posts: 65

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 64

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 10:47
Yashita wrote:
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.


The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.


+!1 Kudos. You might actually be right.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 64

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 May 2017
Posts: 27

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 22

GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V27
Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 11:05
Yashita wrote:
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.


The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.


Damn! You’re right. +1 for you.


Sent from my iPad using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 22

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Jul 2015
Posts: 21

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 22:46
Please provide an explanation to this answer of the question

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2017, 22:46
Display posts from previous: Sort by

QOTD: A study released by a major medical center

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.