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# QOTD: A study released by a major medical center

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QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 15:02
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 112: Critical Reasoning

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A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.

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QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 15:03
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Notice that the goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke, not among stroke victims in general. To achieve this goal, the medical center implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Again, the program is only targeting patients who have risk factors for stroke.

Those educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, are based on the finding that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Thus, the medical center hopes that the educational materials will encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention and, thus, avoid major complications.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal of reducing the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke?

Quote:
(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke.

The program is not aimed at first-time stroke victims who did not have risk factors prior to their first stroke. Rather, the program is aimed at patients who have risk factors for a stroke. Thus, choice (A) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal.

Quote:
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves.

The educational materials are designed to encourage stroke victims to seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms. But if stroke victims themselves are rarely aware of the fact that they are experiencing stroke symptoms, they will not be able to act on this advice. This would limit the extent to which the program meets its goal, so keep (B).

Quote:
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications.

The program's goal is not to eliminate the incidence of major complications after a stroke. Rather than goal is to
Quote:
reduce
the incidence of major complications. The program can still achieve this goal even if some stroke victims experience major complications after seeking immediate medical attention. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years.

Just because the materials have been readily available on the Internet for several years does not mean that those with risk factors for a stroke have seen or studied those materials. Thus, this statement does not strongly suggest that reviewing those materials with patients who have risk factors for stroke would not be beneficial or that the program will not meet its goal. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button.

The fact that many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke suggests that stroke victims might have trouble seeking medical assistance. By itself, this could limit the extent to which the program meets its goal. However, since patients are given wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance, this potential obstacle has been removed. Thus, choice (E) would not limit the extent to which the program meets its goal.

Choice (B) is the best answer.
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##### General Discussion
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QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 15:46
1
A difficult one. It's between A and E.

A study released by a major medical center has found that people who experience a stroke are frequently not treated quickly enough to prevent major complications, such as brain damage and paralysis. Stroke symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack but may pass more quickly, leading victims to believe that there is no need to seek the timely medical treatment required to avoid major long-term complications. As a result of the study, the medical center has implemented a program requiring doctors to review certain educational materials, which explain that stroke victims must immediately seek adequate medical attention when they experience stroke symptoms, with all patients who have risk factors for a stroke. The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

Which of the following, if true, would most significantly limit the extent to which the program meets its goal?

Our aim is to weaken the argument. We need to show that the plan won't meet it's expected results. The conclusion of the passage is "The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke" and in order to achieve this the doctors are required to review the study material.

(A) Most first-time stroke victims have not been previously diagnosed as having risk factors for a stroke. -The argument is about patients that have risk factors. Besides, first time stroke victims aren't the only ones in the world who have stroke. The study is not limited to such people, so such first timers that don't have risk factors are out of scope of the argument and are not the correct sample of population that the author wants to work upon.
(B) Stroke symptoms, while readily identifiable by those around stroke victims, are rarely perceived by the stroke victims themselves. -We are not worried about who is able to identify the symptoms. And if the victims are unable to identify the symptoms then it becomes even more important for the doctors to review the material. In a way it is strengthening the argument.
(C) Some stroke victims who seek immediate medical attention after a stroke can still experience major complications. -These "some" exceptions will always be there.
(D) All of the information contained in the educational materials has already been readily available on the internet for several years. -Okay let it be on the internet. Out of scope.
(E) Because many stroke victims have difficulty moving during and after a stroke, the medical center also provides patients who have risk factors for a stroke with wearable devices that can be used to summon emergency assistance at the push of a button. -Correct. By POE I arrived at this option.
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QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 23:30
My two cents on the question!

This is a Plan of action type questions. The correct weaken answer to this type of question is of two types
1) the plan cannot be implemented or
2) the plan has side effects

Problem: People ignore symptoms of stroke at early stage and hence when they have a stroke it is accompanied by other complications such as paralysis and brain damage.
Solution: Educate people who have risk factors of stroke to get immediate treatment when they experience the symptoms.
Result: Lesser people with complications.

Option A States that most first time stroke victims are not previously diagnosed as having risk factors of stroke. If people are not even diagnosed with risk factors of stroke, will they attend the program implemented by the medical committee? (note the program is held for people who have risk factors of stroke)
Clearly shows that the plan is not implementable if this is the case.

P.S- we are concerned here with people who have not yet had a stoke (or potential stroke victims). People who have already experienced a stroke, have already been treated. So do not let the first time stroke fool you here!

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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 04:48
1
A. out of context
B. People suffering from strokes if they don't realize that they suffered from a stroke then they won't bother to get it treated as they would be completely unaware of the fact that they even had one. The term " Rarely" is the key
C. out of context
D. This does not help us at all
E. This option does quite the opposite of what is being asked.
Ans - B
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 09:42
1
A for me too.
The program misses a part of its target by targeting only people already identified as having risk factors for stroke.
B would be a close contender but I would think A is a more significant flaw?
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 09:50
Tricky One
Confused between A and B
Chose A but now I think it is B

If patient are not identified with stroke factors they will not attend and this fails the purpose of the program but there is a catch 'most first time victims '

Whereas B also weakens
If stroke victim is unable to identify the symptoms then there is no use of any training material (unless given to all people so they can identify if someone around them shows stroke symptom )

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QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 10:06
2
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 10:47
Yashita wrote:
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.

+!1 Kudos. You might actually be right.
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 11:05
Yashita wrote:
Chose A in first attempt. But after re-reading I realised I missed a crucial statement in the para.

Quote:
The goal of the program is to reduce the incidence of major complications after a stroke among patients who have risk factors for a stroke.

The goal of the program is not to reduce incidence of major complications after a stroke among ALL patients - but only those already identified as having risk factors for stroke. So that means option A is out.

Only B explains why the program will not achieve its goal entirely. Even if stroke victims know what needs to be done after they suffer a stroke, if they are not able to judge that they just had a stroke - they wont seek immediate medical help - leading to major complications.

Damn! You’re right. +1 for you.

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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 22:46
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 20:18
Nice question !

My first thought process after reading the argument before looking into answer choices, what if the victims cannot identify that they had stroke symptoms, in which case, how doctors are going to help?

Choice (B) exactly matched my thought process
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Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2018, 02:26
Conclusion: This new idea can REDUCE the stroke victims to have future implications.
Premises : Docs are given new material to study.

A - MOST of them go untreated but some of them can do, thereby reducing the number.
B - Yes weakener - It states that though doc will be aware, the victims themselves are not aware of stroke, hence they will not reach the doc.
C - well its a strengthener.
D - Info might be available in net but not to docs. - No effect.
E - fluff, fluff and fluff.

Re: QOTD: A study released by a major medical center &nbs [#permalink] 09 Apr 2018, 02:26
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