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# QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta

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Intern
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2018, 23:52
Why is the usage of 'would be ' correct over here? shouldn't it be 'is rated'?
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2018, 17:18
anchitahuja wrote:
Why is the usage of 'would be ' correct over here? shouldn't it be 'is rated'?

In order to say a baby's sight "is rated about 20/500", somebody would actually have to rate the baby's eyesight "when it emerges from the darkness of the womb." And while maybe that could happen using some sort of interesting technology, it seems unlikely that a baby would willingly participate in an eye test as soon as it's born.

Since the actual act of rating the baby's eyesight might not actually happen, it makes sense to use the conditional "would": if somebody were to rate the baby's eyesight as soon as it's born, it would rate about 20/500.

I hope this helps!
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2018, 07:40
Dear All

While D is the correct answer, please can you help me understand the phrase after the semi colon.

Reason am asking is that I understand semi colon should have independent clauses before and after and within D, after colon, an adult such vision .... isn't such vision something unclear or does not have precedent , hence fragment or incorrect sentence.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2018, 22:17
3
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proabhinav wrote:
Dear All

While D is the correct answer, please can you help me understand the phrase after the semi colon.

Reason am asking is that I understand semi colon should have independent clauses before and after and within D, after colon, an adult such vision .... isn't such vision something unclear or does not have precedent , hence fragment or incorrect sentence.

(D) A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

An independent clause must be able to stand on its own grammatically. It doesn't mean that you can't refer to another clause to understand it.

Think of the way you learned to structure a paragraph when you were introduced to formal essay-writing in school. The first sentence introduces an idea. The next one elaborates on this idea, or provides an example to illustrate it. It may well be the case that the second sentence doesn't make sense without the first, but that doesn't mean that there's a grammatical error in it!

Similarly, we'll often use a pronoun in one clause to refer to an antecedent in another. You can basically think about the usage of "such vision" that way - it refers to "20/500," and that's perfectly fine.

I hope that helps!
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2018, 23:47
Hi GMATNinja

Thank you for your response and it was to the point

Similarly, we'll often use a pronoun in one clause to refer to an antecedent in another. You can basically think about the usage of "such vision" that way - it refers to "20/500," and that's perfectly fine. "

So to summarise and takeaway for me is that we can use a pronoun in one of the clauses separated by semi colon and the sentence should stand by itself. From SC perspective, " It may or may" not refer to anything which is mentioned in previous sentence.

Am I correct ?
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2018, 22:34
Option A: "As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision"

I was confused between A and D. I somehow felt that there is a meaning change in option D and chose the wrong answer A.

Is the ambiguous usage of "it" the only mistake in option A?

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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2018, 23:43
SUPMUN wrote:
Option A: "As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision"

I was confused between A and D. I somehow felt that there is a meaning change in option D and chose the wrong answer A.

Is the ambiguous usage of "it" the only mistake in option A?

I merged several topics with the same question, so now on the first page I think you can find sufficient explanations of the question. Please check. Hope it helps.
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 01:10
1
SUPMUN wrote:
Option A: "As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision"

I was confused between A and D. I somehow felt that there is a meaning change in option D and chose the wrong answer A.

Is the ambiguous usage of "it" the only mistake in option A?

The usage of "it" is worse than ambiguous in (A). Because "it" is the subject of a clause and "a baby" is the subject of the previous clause, it seems as though "it" is referring to "a baby." Rating a baby 20/500 isn't just nonsensical, it's downright mean. (On a good day, my baby would rate at least a 120 on a 500 point scale.)

Worse still, the clause "if it were an adult with such vision" suggests that a baby could be an adult! I would not want to live in such a world. And neither would that man-baby's poor mother...
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Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2018, 08:05
1
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
A. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision, it would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind if it were an adult with such vision.

That first “it” looks like a problem to me. Because it is the subject of the second clause, “it” will generally refer back to the subject of the first clause – in this case, “a baby.” (For more on this, check out our YouTube webinar on pronouns, or keep an eye on our Topic of the Week list for more articles about GMAT pronouns.)

Anyway, if that first “it” refers to “a baby”, it’s illogical: “a baby would be rated about 20/500…” That doesn’t make sense. It’s the vision that’s rated 20/500. (A) is gone.

Quote:
B. A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500, or legally blind as an adult.

The pronoun thing isn’t an issue anymore, but the meaning is still warped: “… a rudimentary sense of vision that would be… legally blind as an adult.” The vision wouldn’t be legally blind; the baby would. (B) is out, too.

Quote:
C. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision would be rated about 20/500; qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult.

I think we could argue about that “it” after the semicolon. It arguably refers to “vision” here, and that wouldn’t make sense.

But far more importantly, the semicolon doesn’t work, because “qualifying it to be legally blind if an adult” is just a modifier, not a full independent clause. (C) can be eliminated.

Quote:
D. A baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimentary sense of vision that would be rated about 20/500; an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind.

Hm, this seems fine. The vision is “rated about 20/500”, and that makes sense. We have full independent clauses on each side of the semicolon. It’s a little bit funky to see the last clause (“an adult with such vision would be deemed legally blind”) so radically transformed from the other answer choices, but there’s nothing at all wrong with it. It’s as clear as it gets. Keep (D).

Quote:
E. As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb, its rudimentary sense of vision, which would deemed legally blind for an adult, would be rated about 20/500.

Again, we have a “rudimentary sense of vision, which would be deemed legally blind for an adult…” And that makes no sense. (E) can be eliminated, and (D) is the correct answer.

Thanks a lot.
Re: QOTD: As a baby emerges from the darkness of the womb with a rudimenta &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2018, 08:05

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