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QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates

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QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 105: Sentence Correction


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In contrast to the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently than many people expect.

(A) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
(B) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, those of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates
(C) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
(D) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
(E) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently

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QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 06:34
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(A) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently

The comparison is pretty off here: “In contrast to the injury rates of (dangerous activities)… in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur…” Somewhere, we need something that’s logically comparable to injury rates, and we just don’t have that here. (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, those of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates

This almost sounds better, but the comparison still doesn’t quite work. “Those” is a demonstrative pronoun here – basically, the plural version of “that”, as discussed in our long-winded guide to the word “that.” The best thing to do here is to identify the antecedent of “those”, and then reread the sentence, replacing “those” with its referent.

So we have: “In contrast to the injury rates of (dangerous activities)… the injury rates of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates…” Wait, that sounds good at first, but then it stops making sense: “the injury rates of… soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates…”?? Nope, (B) is gone.


Quote:
(C) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury

I’m OK with this. Now, the comparison is between “supposedly dangerous activities” and “’safe’ sports such as soccer and basketball. The “which” is fine – and it’s in all five answer choices, anyway. I don’t see any problems here. Keep (C).

Quote:
(D) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury

Another illogical comparison: “the injury rates” are compared to “’safe’ sports such as soccer and basketball.” (D) is gone.

Quote:
(E) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently

This looks a little bit like (A): “supposedly dangerous activities” is being compared to “in such safe sports as soccer and basketball”, and that doesn’t work. (E) is gone, and (C) is our winner.
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QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 07:02
IMO : C

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Last edited by sahilvijay on 17 Sep 2017, 09:24, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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In contrast to the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently than many people expect.

(A) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
- Comparison is made between Injury Rates of X and other Sport, an incorrect comparison. Hence incorrect.

(B) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, those of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates
- Use of THOSE along with Injury Rates in the end leads to REDUNDANCY. Hence incorrect.

(C) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury - CORRECT

(D) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
- Comparison is made between Injury Rates of X and SAFE Sport, an incorrect comparison. Hence incorrect.

(E) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
- Comparison is made between Dangerous activities and Injury Rates, an incorrect comparison. Moreover, IN is not at all required. Hence incorrect.
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QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 09:06
My opinion: C -As per the below analysis (Awaiting OA)

Also, I have a question for GMATNinja, Is the usage -injury rates "of" supposedly dangerous activities - correct?
Shouldn't it be -injury rates "in" supposedly dangerous activities?

Example: We always say that "The rate of injury in cycling is greater than that in swimming" than that "The rate of injury of cycling is greater than that of swimming".

The rate of SOMETHING is greater/lesser than the rate of SOMETHING while we are engaged IN an activity.

Please throw some light on this doubt.

In contrast to the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently than many people expect.

(A) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
-This option is comparing "injury rates" with "injuries". Invalid comparison

(B) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, those of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates
-Both the portions in red are redundant

(C) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
-Correct. The comparison is between the type of sports - a correct comparison

(D) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
-This option is comparing "injury rates" with "sports". Invalid comparison

(E) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
-This option is comparing "dangerous sports" with "injuries". Invalid comparison
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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 10:21
I have marked E.
It does away with the anomaly in the original sentence (A)that compares injuries to games.

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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 11:38
elegantm wrote:
In contrast to the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently than many people expect.

(A) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuriesoccur far more frequently
- Comparison is made between Injury Rates of X and other Sport, an incorrect comparison. Hence incorrect.

(B) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, those of “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher injury rates
- Use of THOSE along with Injury Rates in the end leads to REDUNDANCY. Hence incorrect.

(C) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury - CORRECT

(D) the injury rates of supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, “safe” sports such as soccer and basketball have far higher rates of injury
- Comparison is made between Injury Rates of X and SAFE Sport, an incorrect comparison. Hence incorrect.

(E) supposedly dangerous activities such as skydiving and bungee jumping, which rarely result in serious harm, in such “safe” sports as soccer and basketball, injuries occur far more frequently
- Comparison is made between Dangerous activities and Injury Rates, an incorrect comparison. Moreover, IN is not at all required. Hence incorrect.


Hi elegantm,

I think in option A, the comparison is between "injury rate" and "injuries" instead of "injury rate" and "sports". "in such sports as" is a prepositional phrase, so the comparison can't be between "injury rate" and "sports".

I think that for the same reason you have marked the error in option E correctly (invalid comparison between "activities" and "injuries").

What are your thoughts?

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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 08:34
GMATNinja has promised to resolve this.

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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 09:02
Only C and E to be considered. A,B,D have wrong comparison. Injury rates are compared with sports in A,B,D.
Injuries after comma is wrong in E.
So answer should be C.

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Re: QOTD: In contrast to the injury rates   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2017, 09:02
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