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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center

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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 02:34
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 110: Sentence Correction


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In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.

(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.

(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 02:35
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Ugh, there are way too many words here for a weekend QOTD. ;)

For whatever it’s worth, though: sometimes, I meet people who are really intimidated by these long, fully underlined sentences. But think of them as a gift: there are usually plenty of juicy errors in the longer sentences, and it’s just a question of being patient about finding them.

Quote:
(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

The first things that catch my eye here are the “its” and “it” in the first line (both of which seem to refer to the Minor Planet Center) and the two uses of “which” later in the sentence… both of which seem OK to me. Sure, this thing feels wordy – and it even feels kind of weird to have two “which” phrases so close to each other – but that’s not a crime.

I don’t really like the sentence, but nobody cares what I think. I don’t see any definite errors, so I guess we have to keep (A).

Quote:
(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.

Hm, this garbage is pretty subtle. There’s something wrong about that first part of the sentence: “The MPC announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name…” The word order here doesn’t quite make sense: the second “that” seems to be modifying “minor planet table.” Sure, you could argue that the phrase “that it would officially name” can “reach back” to “in its journal… that it would officially name”, but it’s definitely not as clear as it should be.

I’m also pretty uncomfortable with the parallelism in the last part of the sentence: those two modifiers beginning with “which” are parallel to each other, but I don’t think I’ve ever seen two parallel “which” modifiers in the same sentence on the GMAT – at least not in a correct answer. Again, I’m not CERTAIN that this is wrong, but (A) seems better.

If you want to be conservative and hang onto (B), I wouldn’t blame you one bit. But (A) doesn’t have the parallelism and modifier placement issues that (B) does, and the meaning is better in (A).


Quote:
(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.

There are some funky little things in here. For example, I don’t quite understand the use of the phrase “which is to be officially named… as ‘Muqin Shuijao’…” Seems like a waste of words, and we don’t figure out that the MPC is performing the act of naming the planet until the very end of the sentence. It would be much more direct to say that the MPC “announced that it would name the planet…” – as we see in (A).

More importantly: this thing isn’t even a sentence. It starts with an “-ed” modifier, followed by the subject (“minor planet number 207715…”)… but then the subject never actually “performs” a verb. So (C) is out.

Quote:
(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.

I don’t like that this is so subtle, either. (And again: the GMAT really doesn't care what I like, anyway. If it did, each of the questions would come with a side of French fries, or at least some nice, warm lavash bread or something.) But what the heck is “in its journal” doing at the very end of the sentence? It modifies the phrase “the MPC announced” – which is way back at the beginning of the sentence. As written, (D) sounds like the planet will be named in the journal itself, and that makes no sense: the planet will be named in the international minor planet table – and the announcement will be made in the journal. So (D) is gone, too.

Quote:
(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

This is a nice, straightforward “-ed” modifier error. (More on “-ed” words here.) Literally, the sentence seems to be saying that the MPC was discovered by scientists, and that definitely doesn’t work. (E) is gone, and we’ll settle for (A).
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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 03:14
In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table. -

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
"In the IMP table" has an ambiguous meaning. It can either say that the modification of name is done in the international minor planet table or Muqin Shuijao meant water cellar for mothers in the international minor planet table.Eliminated due to ambiguity in meaning.


(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.
Double usage of 'that' makes the sentence awkward in the first place. Eliminated


(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.
Focusing on the sentence structure, we have one similar to - "Discovered by X, planet Z, which is to be ABC,as announced by..... " Planet Z has no verb in the sentence. Eliminated

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.
Omititng decorative words, we have a sentence structure as follows -
MPC announced that in the IMP table, the planet 207715,( modifier 1 describing this planet's discovery), will be named "Muqin" (modifier 2 describing the meaning of Muqin),in its journal. Correct


(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
Minor Planet Center (MPC) was NOT discovered by the scientists; the planet was. Incorrect positioning of modifier.Eliminated
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 04:29
My only issue with D was the last phrase "in it's journal" can apply to any of the previous phrases so, we are not quite sure which one if those it applies to
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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 04:40
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Another tough one. I went with "A" finally, hoping that my answer will be correct.

In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--Correct.
-- In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table --> If we go through the part that is not striked, the sentence makes sense. All the modifiers are modifying correctly what they should modify.


(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.
--1. The construction is very very awkward.
--2. "that" is wrongly used.
--3. "which" highlighted in red is wrong, since the scientists didn't discover the word "Muqin Shuijao", instead they discovered planet number 207715.


(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.
--1.This is not a sentence.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.
--1. The first "that" should be followed by a noun, but here it is followed by a prepositional phrase. I would prefer a construction such as given in option A "announced that it"
--2. "in its journal" is used very ambiguously. The announcement was made in the journal but from the option it seems as if the table in which the name will be updated is present in the journal.
--3. "in its journal" should modify MPC, but it is very far from "MPC".


(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--1. The MPC wasn't discovered by the chinese scientists. This is a case of misplaced modifier.
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 05:21
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 110: Sentence Correction


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In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.

(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.

(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

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Its between A and D.

Others have modifier problems.

Will go with A.
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 05:45
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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 110: Sentence Correction


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In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.

(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.

(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

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It's a lengthy one...I think the correct option is "A"

(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.

Eliminated because of Wrong construction of sentence.....makes a mess of the sentence...a disaster

(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal......??????.

The subject "minor planet number 20771" has a modifier afterwards...but has no verb....a sentence without a subject or verb is a fragment and can not stand alone.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.

in it's journal is wrongly placed here...confuses the reader to assume that planet will be named so and so in the journal...the sentence originally meant that the announcement by MPC was done in it's journal...so in it's journal should come as close as possible to the verb announced

(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) was not discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) ...rather it was minor planet number 207715,which was discovered by CAS... a classic case of misplaced modifier....."Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007" should be followed by minor planet number 207715


Coming to A...

In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
Absolutely Correct Construction.... :-)
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 12:39
I think between A and D, A is correct. D has tense issue. will officially be named is future and we talking about past even, so would is corrcet
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 11:40
option A,,,,
'announced' is in past,,hence,,,use of would is better....

A is the best...
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 06:30
+1 for A. My take :

Meaning - MPC published a journal is which it made an announcement. The announcement was that it would officially name planet nos 207715 , which was discovered by scientists in CAS , as Muqin Shuijao. Muqin Shuijao in English means "water cellar for mothers" as per international minor planet table.

Error analysis - The sentence is correct and contains no error. Meaning and logic are in place.

POE

A) Correct
B) Meaning error. MPC announced it would officially name... not that "ïn the international table ..." - Wrong
C) "as announced by ..." is the wrong modifier here. This modifier is supposed to modify the announcement , instead it modifies the planet - Wrong
D) Similar error as B. MPC announces that it would officially name ... and not announce that in the international table.... - Wrong
E) Scientist did not discover MPC. Wrong
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 06:59
In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.:correct

(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.: that not required and is awkward and giving a which and which parallelism indicates Muqin shijao the name was discovered by scientist and not the planet

(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal. the passive construction makes a serious meaning issue

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.: will must be would

(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.: discovered must modify the planet ,current meaning MPC was discovered
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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 10:45
Discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, US based minor planet center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

A.Discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, US based minor planet center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
As per this option, US based minor planet center (MPC) was discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007. This is a wrong modification. As per the intended meaning, minor planet number 207715 was discovered by the scientists. Apart from this modification error, there is error on the usage of the verb - will. As the announcement is done in the past, so use of would is required in this context.


B.US based minor planet center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table it would officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, and which was discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.
As per this option, “Muqin Shuijao” was discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007. This is again a wrong modification as per the intended meaning of the sentence. It was actually minor planet number 207715 which was discovered by the scientists. Also, the placement of the prepositional phrase - in the international minor planet table - is incorrect.

C.Discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715 will be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, announced US based minor planet center (MPC) in its journal.
The usage of the verb - will be officially named is incorrect as the announcement made by MPC is in the past, so usage of would instead of will is required. Also, the sentence is in passive voice and the meaning is not very clear from the current structure. The modifiers which and verb-ed at the end of the sentence are not connected properly.

-- “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, announced US based minor planet center (MPC) in its journal. -- the structure is a bit awkward and clumsy. It seems as if “Muqin Shuijao” announced something. The usage of the verb will be is incorrect as explained in option A.


D.US based minor planet center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table, it will officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English.
This option has multiple errors. Firstly, the two independent clauses are not connected properly. IC1 comma + FANBOYS IC2, is the correct method. Here the 2 ICs, MPC announced and it will officially name are not connected properly. Secondly, the placement of the prepositional phrase - in the international minor planet table - is incorrect as in option B. Thirdly, the usage of the verb will is incorrect as explained in option A.

E.US based minor planet center (MPC) announced in its journal that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by the scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table
This is the correct answer as it conveys the intended meaning in a very clear and crisp way. All the modifiers are placed at appropriate positions and are modifying the intended logical entity.

I have one query regarding the usage of following, any help regarding that would be really helpful for me,
As per my understanding the usage NAME X AS Y and NAME X Y, both are correct. Is that true?? Can someone elaborate more on these usages.
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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 11:58
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aceGMAT21 wrote:
I have one query regarding the usage of following, any help regarding that would be really helpful for me,
As per my understanding the usage NAME X AS Y and NAME X Y, both are correct. Is that true?? Can someone elaborate more on these usages.


Yes both are correct, but the usage depends on the meaning of the sentence.

For example:
John was named as manager. --> Here it doesn't mean that John's name was changed to "manager". His position is that of a manager.
John was named black beard. -->Here it means that John actually got a new name "black beard".

In the question at hand the planet will be given a name, so "name X as Y" won't work, since we actually want to name the planet and not give it a "designation".

Hope that helps!
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 00:15
gmatexam439 wrote:
aceGMAT21 wrote:
I have one query regarding the usage of following, any help regarding that would be really helpful for me,
As per my understanding the usage NAME X AS Y and NAME X Y, both are correct. Is that true?? Can someone elaborate more on these usages.


Yes both are correct, but the usage depends on the meaning of the sentence.

For example:
John was named as manager. --> Here it doesn't mean that John's name was changed to "manager". His position is that of a manager.
John was named black beard. -->Here it means that John actually got a new name "black beard".

In the question at hand the planet will be given a name, so "name X as Y" won't work, since we actually want to name the planet and not give it a "designation".

Hope that helps!
Regards


Thanks for the explanation! :-)
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 00:05
gmatexam439 wrote:
Another tough one. I went with "A" finally, hoping that my answer will be correct.

In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--Correct.
-- In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table --> If we go through the part that is not striked, the sentence makes sense. All the modifiers are modifying correctly what they should modify.


(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.
--1. The construction is very very awkward.
--2. "that" is wrongly used.
--3. "which" highlighted in red is wrong, since the scientists didn't discover the word "Muqin Shuijao", instead they discovered planet number 207715.


(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.
--1.This is not a sentence.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.
--1. The first "that" should be followed by a noun, but here it is followed by a prepositional phrase. I would prefer a construction such as given in option A "announced that it"
--2. "in its journal" is used very ambiguously. The announcement was made in the journal but from the option it seems as if the table in which the name will be updated is present in the journal.
--3. "in its journal" should modify MPC, but it is very far from "MPC".


(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--1. The MPC wasn't discovered by the chinese scientists. This is a case of misplaced modifier.



Hello gmatexam,

I was stuck between A and D.
Is it always true that after "THAT",in a sentence, a NOUN/PRONOUN must follow ?

Thanks
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 10:57
Took me 3 mins to get to answer A :(.
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2017, 22:42
amargad0391 wrote:
gmatexam439 wrote:
Another tough one. I went with "A" finally, hoping that my answer will be correct.

In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

(A) In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--Correct.
-- In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table --> If we go through the part that is not striked, the sentence makes sense. All the modifiers are modifying correctly what they should modify.


(B) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that in the international minor planet table that it would officially name minor planet number 207715 “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English and which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007.
--1. The construction is very very awkward.
--2. "that" is wrongly used.
--3. "which" highlighted in red is wrong, since the scientists didn't discover the word "Muqin Shuijao", instead they discovered planet number 207715.


(C) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, minor planet number 207715, which is to be officially named in the international minor planet table as “Muqin Shuijao”, or “water cellar for mothers” in English, as announced by the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) in its journal.
--1.This is not a sentence.

(D) The U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that in the international minor planet table, minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, will officially be named “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in its journal.
--1. The first "that" should be followed by a noun, but here it is followed by a prepositional phrase. I would prefer a construction such as given in option A "announced that it"
--2. "in its journal" is used very ambiguously. The announcement was made in the journal but from the option it seems as if the table in which the name will be updated is present in the journal.
--3. "in its journal" should modify MPC, but it is very far from "MPC".


(E) Discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced in its journal that it will officially name minor planet number 207715 as “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.
--1. The MPC wasn't discovered by the chinese scientists. This is a case of misplaced modifier.



Hello gmatexam,

I was stuck between A and D.
Is it always true that after "THAT",in a sentence, a NOUN/PRONOUN must follow ?

Thanks


Hi,

I haven't come across any official sentence in which a prepositional phrase comes after "that". In the aforesaid explanation I wrote that I would PREFER a construction with noun following a "that"; this is NOT an absolute RULE.

I hope that helps.
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 04:20
Hii friends,never get intimidaed by complex lines,,,,,

slowly check for MVP rule(most of the errors fall into this category and complexity can be increased with theses errors)
M-modifiers
V-verb tense or sub-verb agreement
P-pronoun (major contention happens here )

E- modifier problem
scienist dscoverd planet number (not minor planet centre MPC)

D-use slash and burn technique,,,,REMOVE that clause ,,,,
final sentence looks like US based minor planet announced /that......../wil be officailly named as,,,,
illogical meaning

C-use slash and burn technique
minor planet number as announced by the US based MPC in its jounral
remove WHICH clause,,,it doesnt affect main sentence
llogical meaning
B-same slas and burn tecique,,,remobving THAT clause,,,
illlogical menaing
A- same slash and burn,,,
pronouns are clear and meaning is conveyed properly
In its journal, US based MPC announced that it would officially name planet number as Muqin in the international minor planet table.
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Re: QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 10:09
I care what you think :) I think your explanation is pretty good - it would be even better if you can help us identify which questions are not official GMAT questions at the beginning of your answers. The reason is I find an increasing number of questions that have very odd answer choices and the explanations don't really satisfy me; thus I suspect they are not really official GMAT questions.
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QOTD: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 13:44
A modifier should be AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE to what it modifies.

OA: In its journal, the U.S.-based Minor Planet Center (MPC) announced that it would officially name minor planet number 207715, which was discovered by scientists from the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) on September 11, 2007, “Muqin Shuijao”, which means “water cellar for mothers” in English, in the international minor planet table.

Here, the prepositional phrase in red seems intended to modify the much earlier verb in blue.
Between the blue verb and the adverb in red are 30 or so words, including two additional verbs (was discovered and means).
This structure does not seem viable.
There is simply too much distance -- as well as too many intervening actions -- between the adverb in red and its intended referent.
For this reason, I question the validity of the OA.
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