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QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy

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QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 94: Sentence Correction


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Over 75 percent of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33 percent.

(A) while in Germany it is just over 33 percent
(B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33 percent
(C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany
(D) whereas just over 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
(E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33 percent

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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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Here’s another great example of the GMAT’s favorite SC concept: if you aren’t strict and literal with the meaning of these sentences, you’re toast. We said a lot about that in our beginners’ guide to SC, and it’s also been a theme in our QOTDs (all of which are available here).

Quote:
(A) while in Germany it is just over 33 percent

The pronoun “it” catches my eye right away. I guess it could refer to “nuclear power”, but that wouldn’t make sense: “in Germany nuclear power is just over 33 percent.” Huh? 33 percent of what?

Maybe “it” refers to “energy”? Nope: “in Germany energy is just over 33 percent.”

OK, what about “energy produced in France”? That’s even worse: “in Germany energy produced in France is just over 33 percent.”

(A) is out.

Quote:
(B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33 percent

Germany “uses just over 33 percent”… of what? If we look at this one strictly and literally, it makes no sense, either. (B) is gone, too.

Quote:
(C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany

Ooh, now this is clear. “…nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany.” Fair enough.

(Are most of the bakeries nuclear-powered, too? Because German bakeries are some of the best in the world. I don’t know why more people don’t talk about this. The rest of the world talks about German beer, and German engineering, and German football. But the bakeries mostly get ignored. A couple of weeks ago, we engineered an extended layover in Munich just to eat pretzels. You think I’m joking, don’t you?)

Wait, where were we? I don't see any problems with (C), so let's keep it.

Quote:
(D) whereas just over 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany

This is subtle and nasty. That phrase “33 percent of the energy” doesn’t contain a pronoun, but if you’re being strict and literal with it, you’ll have to ask: what does “the energy” mean? It seems to be referring back to “the energy” that was mentioned earlier in the sentence.

But that’s the problem: “the energy” seems to refer back to “the energy produced in France.” So now the sentence says “whereas just over 33 percent of the energy {produced in France} comes from nuclear power in Germany.” And that doesn’t make sense. Tricky! Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33 percent

This has similar problems as (A) and (B). “… where it ("energy"?) is just over 33 percent.” 33 percent of what? (E) is gone, and we’re left with (C).
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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 14:11
Over 75 percent of the energy produced in France derives from nuclear power, while in Germany it is just over 33 percent.

(A) while in Germany it is just over 33 percent
"it" may refer to nuclear power or energy. No proper antecedent for the pronoun.

(B) compared to Germany, which uses just over 33 percent
We don't want to compare the statistics with a country. Invalid comparison.

(C) whereas nuclear power accounts for just over 33 percent of the energy produced in Germany
Again an invalid comparison between the energy and nuclear power.

(D) whereas just over 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power in Germany
Correct. "75% of energy" is compared with "33% of energy" correctly.

(E) compared with the energy from nuclear power in Germany, where it is just over 33 percent
"it" doesn't have a proper antecedent. "it" can't refer to the "energy from nuclear power". A pronoun should refer back to a noun and not a phrase.
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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 17:44
D has a proper comparison between the nuclear power usages of the two countries

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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 22:49
IMO D

Correct parallelism .
First part - energy produced in France derives from nuclear power
Second part - 33 percent of the energy comes from nuclear power

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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2017, 23:13
I believe the answer is C

since in option D :

2nd clause is trying to say that 33% energy of the 75% of France energy comes from nuclear power in Germany.
A & E has pronoun error whereas B shows wrong comparison.

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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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Everyone marking D here has simply gone through the grammar without even looking at the meaning.

The question is saying Out of Overall Production of energy in one country, we have some percentage met by Nuclear Power. We need to compare this fact in two countries.

D is saying Out of total energy, 33% comes from Nuclear power IN Germany. Meaning rest nuclear power comes from some other countries. COMPLETE Distortion in MEANING.
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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 05:06
Compare 75 percent of ENERGY

(A) while in Germany IT IS (refers to? New clear power or energy?) not clear - out

(B) compared to GERMANY <---> ENERGY wrong comparison

(C) whereas NUCLEAR POWER <---> ENERGY wrong comparison

(D) 33% of ENERGY.... DRIVES <----> NUCLEAR POWER ACCOUNTS not sure about comparison but "in Germany" is position in such a way that mod. power not the whole sentence --> out

(E) 33% of ENERGY <---> ENERGY from nuclear in Germany correct

E ---> my answer


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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 05:19
polpanumas wrote:
Compare 75 percent of ENERGY

(A) while in Germany IT IS (refers to? New clear power or energy?) not clear - out

(B) compared to GERMANY <---> ENERGY wrong comparison

(C) whereas NUCLEAR POWER <---> ENERGY wrong comparison

(D) 33% of ENERGY.... DRIVES <----> NUCLEAR POWER ACCOUNTS not sure about comparison but "in Germany" is position in such a way that mod. power not the whole sentence --> out

(E) 33% of ENERGY <---> ENERGY from nuclear in Germany correct

E ---> my answer


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Hi polpanumas ,

You have also messed up the meaning. Please read the explanations given here or here.
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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 03:30
abhimahna wrote:
gmatexam439
Everyone marking D here has simply gone through the grammar without even looking at the meaning.

The question is saying Out of Overall Production of energy in one country, we have some percentage met by Nuclear Power. We need to compare this fact in two countries.

D is saying Out of total energy, 33% comes from Nuclear power IN Germany. Meaning rest nuclear power comes from some other countries. COMPLETE Distortion in MEANING.


Yes bruh, totally missed the point here. Learned an important lesson from this question.
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Re: QOTD: Over 75 percent of the energy   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 03:30
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