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# QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended

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Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2017
Posts: 31
Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 11:42
GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.

Hello GMATNinja,
Can you please explain why "recent" and "extended' are separated by a comma and not by an "and"?
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2018, 22:52
Andy24 wrote:
Isn't e missing a 'those of'? Without 'those of' wouldn't we be comparing prices with the actual fruits?

GMATNinja wrote:
This is fun, we're already seeing some disagreement on this one!

There are a bunch of moving parts on this question, but one of the major issues is the verb tense. "Since the end of the recession..." requires present perfect tense. Other than that, we have some fun stuff with pronouns ("that of") and some little meaning-based issues.

Quote:
A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

The verb tense is OK here, but there are a couple of weird bits. "Recently extended recession" doesn't really make a whole ton of sense, considering that we know that the recession is already over. (Head-nod to this official GMAT question with a similar phrase in it.) "Five-year high levels" isn't necessarily wrong, but it's definitely not ideal: "five-year highs" is much clearer.

If you're not totally certain about these two issues, you could be conservative and hang onto (A) for now, but we'll see that there's a better choice below.

Quote:
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

The "recently extended recession" issue is the same as in (A). And more importantly, the verb tense is definitely wrong: "Since the end of the recession... prices rose" doesn't work, since we need present perfect tense here ("have risen") to indicate that the action continues into the present. Eliminate (B).

Notice also that there's no reason to care about the difference between "each" and "all", since those words are not subjects, and therefore do not affect the form of the verb.

Quote:
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.

I'm still not crazy about "five-year high levels", but the bigger issue here is the pronoun phrase "that of." "That" is a singular pronoun here, but it's clearly trying to refer back to the plural noun "prices." Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.

(D) has the same verb error as we saw in (B). So we can ditch (D) as well.
Quote:
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

This looks good! The verb, pronoun, and meaning errors are all fixed in (E), so this one is the correct answer.

Hi mate!

No it isn't and let me explain why. It's because including "such" agricultural goods refer to commodities and not prices. If you examine deeply, the choice C says "that of such" where that incorrectly refers to the prices..(incorrect in the sense that is singular and prices is plural)
Hope this clarifies (if does, please hit kudos)
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 09:40
prices for each of the major commodities looks odd to me . It seems like there are many prices for a single commodity.
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2018, 13:18
3
afa13 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
Hello GMATNinja,
Can you please explain why "recent" and "extended' are separated by a comma and not by an "and"?

No problem! If you have two adjectives describing the same noun, it's typically fine to separate those adjectives with a comma. Take a silly example: "The tired, frustrated father lashed out at his daughter, angrily informing the toddler that sea shells are not funny-looking potato chips."

For all intents and purposes, the comma plays the same role that "and" would. (In fact, the test typically offered to determine whether two adjectives can be separated by a comma is whether "and" would work just as well. Because "the tired and frustrated father" is a logical construction, "the tired, frustrated father" is fine, too.)

I hope that helps!
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Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2018, 00:34
Since the end of the recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.

A. recently extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, have been rising to five-year high levels.
B. recently extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
C. recent, extended recession, prices for all of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including that of such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year high levels.
D. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including niche agricultural goods such as orange juice and cheese, rose to five-year highs.
E. recent, extended recession, prices for each of the major commodities sold at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, including such niche agricultural goods as orange juice and cheese, have risen to five-year highs.

Split of 2:3 --> recent v/s recently.
Recently modifies extended and Recent modifies recession.

Now we want to modify Recession... A and B out.

Left - CDE,

C - including "That" is wrong... it should be those
D - rose is a modifier (verb-ed modifier, we would need a verb)

E it is
Re: QOTD: Since the end of the recently extended &nbs [#permalink] 04 Aug 2018, 00:34

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