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# Questions 17-18 Jones: Prehistoric wooden tools found in

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Questions 17-18 Jones: Prehistoric wooden tools found in [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2006, 09:27
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Questions 17-18
Jones: Prehistoric wooden tools found in South America have been dated to 13,000 years ago. Although scientists attribute these tools to peoples whose ancestors first crossed into the Americas from Siberia to Alaska, this cannot be correct. In order to have reached a site so far south, these peoples must have been migrating southward well before 13,000 years ago. However, no such tools dating to before 13,000 years ago have been found anywhere between Alaska and South America.
Smith: Your evidence is inconclusive. Those tools were found in peat bogs, which are rare in the Americas. Wooden tools in soils other than peat bogs usually decompose within only a few years.
17. The point at issue between Jones and Smith is
(A) whether all prehistoric tools that are 13,000 years or older were made of wood
(B) whether the scientistsâ€™ attribution of tools could be correct in light of Jonesâ€™s evidence
(C) whether the dating of the wooden tools by the scientists could be correct
(D) how long ago the peoples who crossed into the American from Siberia to Alaska first did so
(E) whether Smithâ€™s evidence entails that the wooden tools have been dated correctly
18. Smith responds to Jones by
(A) citing several studies that invalidate Jonesâ€™s conclusion
(B) accusing Jones of distorting the scientistsâ€™ position
(C) disputing the accuracy of the supporting evidence cited by Jones
(D) showing that Jonesâ€™s evidence actually supports the denial of Jonesâ€™s conclusion
(E) challenging an implicit assumption in Jonesâ€™s argument
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Re: CR on Jones and Smith ! [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2006, 09:32
Questions 17-18
Jones: Prehistoric wooden tools found in South America have been dated to 13,000 years ago. Although scientists attribute these tools to peoples whose ancestors first crossed into the Americas from Siberia to Alaska, this cannot be correct. In order to have reached a site so far south, these peoples must have been migrating southward well before 13,000 years ago. However, no such tools dating to before 13,000 years ago have been found anywhere between Alaska and South America.
Smith: Your evidence is inconclusive. Those tools were found in peat bogs, which are rare in the Americas. Wooden tools in soils other than peat bogs usually decompose within only a few years.
17. The point at issue between Jones and Smith is
(A) whether all prehistoric tools that are 13,000 years or older were made of wood
(B) whether the scientistsâ€™ attribution of tools could be correct in light of Jonesâ€™s evidence
(C) whether the dating of the wooden tools by the scientists could be correct
(D) how long ago the peoples who crossed into the American from Siberia to Alaska first did so
(E) whether Smithâ€™s evidence entails that the wooden tools have been dated correctly
18. Smith responds to Jones by
(A) citing several studies that invalidate Jonesâ€™s conclusion
(B) accusing Jones of distorting the scientistsâ€™ position
(C) disputing the accuracy of the supporting evidence cited by Jones
(D) showing that Jonesâ€™s evidence actually supports the denial of Jonesâ€™s conclusion
(E) challenging an implicit assumption in Jonesâ€™s argument
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29 Nov 2006, 11:47
17. The point at issue between Jones and Smith is
(A) too general
(B) Correct â€“ the key word is attribution
(C) not discussed in the given text
(D) Jones doesnâ€™t dispute migration path not dates
(E) Neither Jones nor Smith argue about dates

18. Smith responds to Jones by
(A) no studies presented
(B) no accusation in Smiths speech
(C) Jones evidence is accurate but not comprehensive
(D) partial support may be implied, but very vague though
(E) Correct - Jonesâ€™s assumption is wrong
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29 Nov 2006, 11:50
After reading the text second time, Iâ€™m leaning towards D (#17).
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29 Nov 2006, 12:10
17..clear B

18..Undecided between D/E.? guessed E
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29 Nov 2006, 20:27
arjsingh1976 wrote:
17..clear B

There is no problem with the attribution of tools. Jones is saying attribution of tools is wrong because, if the attribution is right, then the people must have migrated more than 13,000 years ago. And as there is no evidence, he suggests that the people did nt migrate more than 13,000 years, and hence the attribution of tools is wrong.

But Smith is saying that evidence is not conclusive. He explains how there can be no evidence. Hence, determining that people people did not migrate more than 13,000 years, based on lack of evidence is wrong. Smith has no comments about attribution. He never agreed or disagreed with the way Jones connected Scientists attribution to migration more than 13,000 years. So I think D is the answer.

18..Undecided between D/E.? guessed E

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29 Nov 2006, 21:43
17. B
18. E
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29 Nov 2006, 22:21
D & E ... what is the answer ?
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29 Nov 2006, 23:06
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30 Nov 2006, 01:56
D, E
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30 Nov 2006, 02:58
OAs are
17-B
18-E

Last edited by jyotsnasarabu on 30 Nov 2006, 05:58, edited 1 time in total.
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30 Nov 2006, 05:40
Choose B and E.....

1)
Jones: ....Although scientists attribute these tools to peoples whose ancestors first crossed into the Americas from Siberia to Alaska, this cannot be correct....

Smith: Your evidence is inconclusive. Those tools were found in peat bogs......

Thus the whole dialog is about the tools not about how long ago people crossed from Siberia to Alaska.....

2)
There is no evidence in Jones argument, only an assumption....
30 Nov 2006, 05:40
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