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# quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to

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Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 55
quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:02
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:08) correct 31% (01:08) wrong based on 123 sessions

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"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

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Manager
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Re: Passive construction and tense usage- Good SC from Kaplan  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:12
RohitKalla wrote:
"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

A - 'it was believed by the employee..' is too verbose
B - It's not clearly who 'She' is here
C- Correct - Active voice is preferable and more concise
D -sounds awkward
E- 'the moral victory was won' sounds awkward
Manager
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Re: Passive construction and tense usage- Good SC from Kaplan  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:26
RohitKalla wrote:
"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

Where does this rule come from? I think C is the best choice here. Which other choice do you think could be right in this question?
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Re: Passive construction and tense usage- Good SC from Kaplan  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 18:08
1
C for me as well.

When a sentence begins with a modifier (Here Having...clause is trying to modify the employee), restructure the sentence by bringing the subject in front of the modifier.
eg

The employee, having for......... , believed that she had won a moral victory.

This exercise itself eliminates A, B and D. E is out as it is passive and the employee is the subj.ect and not moral victory.

So its a straight C.

You just need to remember the rule in bold .

Crick
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Re: Passive construction and tense usage- Good SC from Kaplan  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 18:40
C makes more sense than any other. The reasons are
-Right combination of Past tense and past perfect tense,
-Right placement of the subject of the sentence
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Re: Passive construction and tense usage- Good SC from Kaplan  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 20:39
between B, C- B changes a little the intent so C looks more promising
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Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 22:06
i pick C here. pronoun error exists in A and B. D and E are out because they are unnecessarily passive. correct me if i am wrong
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Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 09:59
I have a doubt regarding the usage of had in the second part of the sentence. Please elaborate a little on this
Intern
Joined: 03 Apr 2018
Posts: 4
Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2018, 11:06
whenever a sentence is starting with verb+ing( modifier) modifies the subject of the clause after comma.
like here the subject of the clause of after comma is the employees, So having will modify the employees here.
Senior Manager
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Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2018, 18:36
mikemcgarry, could you explain this SC problem. I am not able to understand what does this sentence intend to say ? Is usage of "Had" in option C correct ?

Thanks,
Amm
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
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Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2018, 08:50
though sc test clearness, apart from logic, it seldom test choice b. I think.
Re: quot;When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to &nbs [#permalink] 17 Apr 2018, 08:50
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