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Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin

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Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2016, 10:14
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Question Stats:

83% (00:20) correct 17% (00:23) wrong based on 102 sessions

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Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhinoceros is typically greater than the African hippopotamus.

(A) the African hippopotamus

(B) those of African hippopotamuses

(C) that of African hippopotamuses’

(D) that of the African hippopotamus

(E) the African hippopotamuses
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2016, 11:40
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Ilomelin wrote:
Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhinoceros is typically greater than the African hippopotamus.

a) the African hippopotamus
b) those of African hippopotamuses
c) that of African hippopotamuses’
d) that of the African hippopotamus
e) the African hippopotamuses


Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhinoceros is typically greater than that of the African hippopotamus

We are comparing " The body mass of WR " to " The body mass of AH "

Errors in other options highlighted in red , answer must be (D)

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Re: Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2016, 11:42
Ilomelin wrote:
Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhinoceros is typically greater than the African hippopotamus.

a) the African hippopotamus
b) those of African hippopotamuses
c) that of African hippopotamuses’
d) that of the African hippopotamus
e) the African hippopotamuses


Hi! Here are my 2 cents.

Body mass of R is compared with body mass of AH, so the sentence can be written in two ways:-

1) Body mass of R is greater than the body mass of AH
2) Body mass of R is greater than AH's body mass

a) the African hippopotamus. Body mass is compared with AH and not AH's body mass
b) those of African hippopotamuses. 'Body mass' is singular, and hence requires singular 'that'
c) that of African hippopotamuses’ 'that of' and AH's' are redundant
d) that of the African hippopotamus. correct option.
e) the African hippopotamuses. Body mass is compared with AHs and not AH's body mass
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Re: Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 21:20
Ilomelin wrote:
Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhinoceros is typically greater than the African hippopotamus.

(A) the African hippopotamus

(B) those of African hippopotamuses

(C) that of African hippopotamuses’

(D) that of the African hippopotamus

(E) the African hippopotamuses


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The original sentence incorrectly compares “the body mass of the white rhinoceros” to “the African hippopotamus” rather than to “the body mass” of “the African hippopotamus.”

(A) This answer choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence

(B) This answer choice introduces the plural pronoun “those” that does not have an antecedent. Note that this plural pronoun cannot refer to the singular noun “the body mass.” Further, the plural noun “hippopotamuses” is inconsistent with the singular noun “rhinoceros,” further contributing to the faulty comparison in this sentence.

(C) While this answer uses the correct relative pronoun “that” and draws a logical comparison between “the body mass” of the two animals, it introduces the incorrect double possessive construction “of hippopotamuses’.” Additionally, the plural noun “hippopotamuses” is inconsistent with the singular noun “rhinoceros,” thus disrupting parallelism in this comparison.

(D) CORRECT. This answer choice draws a logical comparison between “the body mass of the white rhinoceros” and “that of the African hippopotamus.” Furthermore, the pronoun “that” clearly and unambiguously refers to its antecedent, “the body mass.” Finally, the singular noun “white rhinoceros” is parallel to another singular noun “African hippopotamus.”

(E) This answer choice incorrectly compares “the body mass of the white rhinoceros” to “the African hippopotamuses” rather than to “the body mass” of “the African hippopotamus.” Further, the plural noun “hippopotamuses” is inconsistent with the singular noun “rhinoceros,” thus disrupting parallelism in this answer.
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Re: Ranging from 1,500 to 2,300 kilograms, the body mass of the white rhin   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 21:20
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