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u2lover, would it be incorrect to pick (D) as "accept" and "sailed" are parallel.
would be wrong... why? try to reverse the sentence...
Columbus accept??? should be ACCEPTS... due to SVA
if it was an infinitive "rather than TO accept" (which I think 'accepting' is better because 1st part is a modifier to Columbus) then it would be a different story.
Believe it's C. I think it was Columbus's belief that the earth wasn't flat and so he was not ready to accept it. So, instead of accepting the conventional wisdom Columbus sailed west (Active construction) to see whether he could reach india, having been sent etc..
It's still debatable whether rather is preferable to instead but somehow instead looks just fine.
Besides i think B, D and E have problems of their own - B employs a passive constrution (was sent by the king and queen) and also uses "if" where "whether" is more appropriate
D - I believe D has a problem of tense sequence ---- Rather than accept denotes something I will not accept but reject -- rather than accept is present tense so the phase it modifies should also maintain the continuity; you can't break into the past tense and say (Columbus sailed..)
It would have been correct if the sentence said - Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that .... columbus decided to sail west to see......
I am not 100% sure though.. I have taken a long shot here.. U2/Dahiya..please share your views..
I am still standing by C... please post OA before we forget about this question w/out knowing the correct answer.
I already explained that prior to Columbus is a Modifier, which describes him... and it is perfectly ok to use gerund in a modifier. I am 99% sure here.
D uses "accept" talking about Columbus... when Columbus is 3rd person and needs "s" for SVA... However, even with correct SVA the sentence wouldn't make sense and needs rearrangement. It seems like they tried to use infinitive in D, but forgot to put "to" in the front... and even with that it would be wrong because it wouldn't be parallel to "sailed"
I don't even feel that "rather" or "instead" plays a major role here.
i think the phrase 'rather not accept' is correct.
i googled on the phrase and this returned a lot many news sites which have used that phrase.
Some Fox affiliates walk rather than accept tougher deal
Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
Also though m nt sure instead of sort of does nt give the choice to the doer of the action whereas rather than gives a choice to the doer of the action. Instead looks like someone is offering u a choice nd u r refusing it.