GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

It is currently 27 May 2018, 14:38

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Dec 2006
Posts: 497
Location: Indonesia
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2007, 07:30
I will go with B

Lets see whether its rather than or instead of....

Instead of is used as preposition, while rather than can be used both ways, i.e. as a preposition and conjuction... This means instead of + noun is correct.

In this case accept is verb so eliminate instead of. Now we have a,b, and d.

eliminate d, as it seems christopher columbus has not accepted the conventional wisdom.

between a) and b) choose b, because it says the king and queen have performed some action by sending columbus, similarly, they have performed another action by not accepting...
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 280
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2008, 06:31
A, B and E have issues with modifier 'Rather than accept(ing) the con. wisdom that the earth was flat, Columbus was sent by the king and queen'

It is clearly king and queen that are not accepting the conventional wisdom not Columbus. So, A, B and E are out.

Between C and D, I have never seen 'instead of' working when 'rather than' is also available as a choice.

D.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 May 2008
Posts: 50
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2008, 07:02
http://www.englishrules.com/writing/200 ... ead-of.php

The short answer is that in most cases, the two phrases are interchangeable, although "rather than" often has a more formal tone than "instead of."

The American Heritage Book of English Usage offers a much lengthier answer:

The phrase rather than consists of an adverb and a conjunction and often means "and not," as in I decided to skip lunch rather than eat in the cafeteria again. It is grammatically similar to sooner than in that it is used with a "bare" infinitive—an infinitive minus to: I would stay here and eat flies sooner than go with them.

Rather than can also be used with nouns as a compound preposition meaning "instead of": I bought a mountain bike rather than a ten-speed. But some people object to this use, insisting that than should be used only as a conjunction. They therefore object to constructions in which rather than is followed by a gerund, as in Rather than buying a new car, I kept my old one.

In some cases, however, rather than can only be followed by a gerund and not by a bare infinitive. If the main verb of the sentence has a form that does not allow parallel treatment of the verb following rather than, you cannot use a bare infinitive, and you must use a gerund. This is often the case when the main verb is in a past tense or has a participle. Thus, you must say The results of the study, rather than ending (not end or ended) the controversy, only added to it. If the main verb was in the present tense (add), you could use the bare infinitive end.

Curiously, when the rather than construction follows the main verb, it can use other verb forms besides the bare infinitive. Thus you can say The results of the study added to the controversy rather than ended it.

The overriding concern in all of this should be to avoid faulty parallels, as in sentences like Rather than buy a new car, I have kept my old one and Rather than take a cab, she is going on foot.

Clearly, it is grammatically defensible to follow rather than with a gerund, but if you prefer to avoid the controversy, use instead of with gerunds.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 01 Apr 2008
Posts: 831
Name: Ronak Amin
Schools: IIM Lucknow (IPMX) - Class of 2014
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2009, 03:53
D.
Very good question. I learned something new. +1 to the poster

Between C and D.

'instead of' is always followed by a noun..so 'accepting' is a gerund..and C compares noun with a verb..
eg. Instead of <noun, e.g. a boat>, Columbus sailed west...- Incorrect
Rather than accept bla_bla, Columbus sailed....- correct

In short, 'rather than' should be used to compare verbs.
2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 May 2010
Posts: 31
Schools: CBS
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2010, 19:27
2
This post received
KUDOS
1) "Rather than" + verb is better than "instead of" + verb, so A, B, and D are left.

2) A and B have a problem with active + passive verbs, so they are out. Only D left.

BTW, in A and B, "he" can refer both to Columbus and to the king of Spain!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 May 2010
Posts: 58
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2010, 21:33
IMO D. whether is more preferred than if so only options c and d remain. Rather than - shows preference so option D
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Jul 2009
Posts: 34
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2010, 23:25
Can somebody please explain why this would be correct in D
"having been sent by the king and queen of Spain."

IMO E should have been the correct answer.

Dictionary.com usage for rather versus instead

Rather (Idiomatic Usage) - had / would rather, to prefer that or to:
I had much rather we not stay. We would rather go for dinner after the show.

Instead (Idiomatic Usage) instead of, in place of; in lieu of:
You can use milk instead of cream in this recipe.

Now I think, Rather is used when comparing preference between two things or acts whereas Instead is used when we are comparing places. But I am not sure. Can somebody please clarify?
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 11 Oct 2009
Posts: 24
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jun 2010, 07:45
1
This post received
KUDOS
I accept .. rather than is incorrect .. there is no preference ..


aagar2003 wrote:
Can somebody please explain why this would be correct in D
"having been sent by the king and queen of Spain."

IMO E should have been the correct answer.

Dictionary.com usage for rather versus instead

Rather (Idiomatic Usage) - had / would rather, to prefer that or to:
I had much rather we not stay. We would rather go for dinner after the show.

Instead (Idiomatic Usage) instead of, in place of; in lieu of:
You can use milk instead of cream in this recipe.

Now I think, Rather is used when comparing preference between two things or acts whereas Instead is used when we are comparing places. But I am not sure. Can somebody please clarify?
5 KUDOS received
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1307
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2010, 07:31
5
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
'Rather than' is preferred over 'instead of' that levaes A, B and D

'whether' is preferred over 'if' usage

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west. - incorrect. This sentence has a mixture of active voice and passive voice. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that..... [active voice], CC was sent by the king and queen of Spain [passive voice]

B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west. - incorrect. This sentence has a mixture of active voice and passive voice. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that..... [active voice], CC was sent by the king and queen of Spain [passive voice]

C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain. - correct. 'Rather than accept the wisdom that...[active voice], CC sailed west to see..[active voice]'. Also, 'having been sent by the king and queen of Spain' modifies the clause 'Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India' and not just the word 'India'

E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jun 2010
Posts: 41
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2010, 11:29
D seems to convey that Christopher Columbus did not accept conventional wisdom and hence decided to sail. "Rather than accept conventional wisdom" should modify the king and not Christopher Columbus. D seems to change the meaning?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: mba here i come!
Joined: 07 Aug 2011
Posts: 238
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2012, 02:03
manhattangmat flagged this question for revision. if you want to choose the correct option go with 'rather than' and 'whether'.
_________________

press +1 Kudos to appreciate posts
Download Valuable Collection of Percentage Questions (PS/DS)

3 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1101
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jun 2013, 07:36
3
This post received
KUDOS
fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Oct 2012
Posts: 52
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2013, 14:12
1
This post received
KUDOS
Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 301
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2013, 19:14
Zarrolou wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.


Just to complete the thought here: Rather is used to indicate preference. Instead is used to indicate that one thing replaces other.
Ex : We ought to invest in machinery rather than buildings.
Amit was invited to the reception, but he was ill, so Akash went instead of him.
3 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 14 May 2013
Posts: 11
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2013, 14:19
3
This post received
KUDOS
Silvers wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.



1. Rather than + Verb > instead of + verb (we left with A,B and D)
2. Whether > If (A & B out left with D)
Ans D

If Like then please give Kudos :)
_________________

Chauahan Gaurav
Keep Smiling :)

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 11 Oct 2012
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 610 Q42 V32
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2014, 21:50
thefibonacci wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.
• Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA after some discussion



Columbus didn't accept the conventional wisdom. So after comma will come the Active subject. So eliminate A,B and E. Also all these have 'if' -> this is also incorrect. It should be 'whether'... as 'if' corresponds to a condition & 'whether' suggests alternatives. So out A,B & E options.
Now we are left with C & D.
Only difference is Rather than accept VS instead of accepting. In the case of showing preference Rather Than is better.
Hence D is the answer.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Feb 2014
Posts: 8
Location: United States
Concentration: Technology, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.75
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 02:22
ani781 wrote:
thefibonacci wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.
• Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA after some discussion



Columbus didn't accept the conventional wisdom. So after comma will come the Active subject. So eliminate A,B and E. Also all these have 'if' -> this is also incorrect. It should be 'whether'... as 'if' corresponds to a condition & 'whether' suggests alternatives. So out A,B & E options.
Now we are left with C & D.
Only difference is Rather than accept VS instead of accepting. In the case of showing preference Rather Than is better.
Hence D is the answer.



Hi,

I picked C because I could not understand the nuances of using 'Instead of' vs 'Rather Than'. Ron(MGMAT Instructor) says that such kind of differences won't be tested in GMAT. Still, what Ani781 has said is true. Accept is compared with Sailed in the stem i.e. verb to verb comparison.

OA shud be 'D'.

Regards,
Ashish
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 902
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 08:46
1
This post received
KUDOS
This question is posted multiples times and discussed in-depth on MGMAT forum as well as on Gmatclub. MGMAT said that they would revise this problem as answers were debatable. I see no point in discussing this problem further.

Only takeaway : Active and passive issue in both halves of the sentence.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2013
Posts: 35
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2014, 23:39
1
This post received
KUDOS
BankerRUS wrote:
Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?


Hello experts,

I totally agree with the above comment. Does this make sense to use "accept"? Should we not use "accepting"? Please help!


Thanks Anuj!!!
_________________

Preparing for the next shot!!!

Expert Post
9 KUDOS received
MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5106
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Feb 2015, 00:38
9
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
35
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Spoiler: :: OE
The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y"
requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb
("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is
incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X,
then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this
choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the
use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce
conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if”
to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.
(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare
the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the
correct choice.
(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly
compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”
(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the
verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct
choice.
Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism
between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one
("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is
used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should
be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2015, 00:38

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 55 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.