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Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2013, 07:36
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fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 14:12
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Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 19:14
Zarrolou wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
what's wrong with E? what's the OA?


The OA is D.

E vs D. At glance we could solve this as Rather than VS Insted of, but if we do not know the proper usage of those, we can look at the structure of the sentence.

D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

Instead/Rather express a contraposition:
Instead of accepting (...), Columbus was sent. Does this sound right?
Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.

The clause before the comma refers to C., so we can solve this as:
In D the subject of the two clauses it's the same, and the structure is very clear: (Columbus) Rather than accept (...), Columbus sailed.
In E, on the other hand the structure is not correct: (Columbus) Instead of accepting, Columbus was sent by the king.
The first subject is Columbus, the second is the king.


Just to complete the thought here: Rather is used to indicate preference. Instead is used to indicate that one thing replaces other.
Ex : We ought to invest in machinery rather than buildings.
Amit was invited to the reception, but he was ill, so Akash went instead of him.

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Silvers wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.



1. Rather than + Verb > instead of + verb (we left with A,B and D)
2. Whether > If (A & B out left with D)
Ans D

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2014, 21:18
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.
• Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA after some discussion
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2014, 21:50
thefibonacci wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.
• Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA after some discussion



Columbus didn't accept the conventional wisdom. So after comma will come the Active subject. So eliminate A,B and E. Also all these have 'if' -> this is also incorrect. It should be 'whether'... as 'if' corresponds to a condition & 'whether' suggests alternatives. So out A,B & E options.
Now we are left with C & D.
Only difference is Rather than accept VS instead of accepting. In the case of showing preference Rather Than is better.
Hence D is the answer.

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 02:22
ani781 wrote:
thefibonacci wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.
• Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of
Spain.
• Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus
was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

OA after some discussion



Columbus didn't accept the conventional wisdom. So after comma will come the Active subject. So eliminate A,B and E. Also all these have 'if' -> this is also incorrect. It should be 'whether'... as 'if' corresponds to a condition & 'whether' suggests alternatives. So out A,B & E options.
Now we are left with C & D.
Only difference is Rather than accept VS instead of accepting. In the case of showing preference Rather Than is better.
Hence D is the answer.



Hi,

I picked C because I could not understand the nuances of using 'Instead of' vs 'Rather Than'. Ron(MGMAT Instructor) says that such kind of differences won't be tested in GMAT. Still, what Ani781 has said is true. Accept is compared with Sailed in the stem i.e. verb to verb comparison.

OA shud be 'D'.

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Ashish

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2014, 08:46
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This question is posted multiples times and discussed in-depth on MGMAT forum as well as on Gmatclub. MGMAT said that they would revise this problem as answers were debatable. I see no point in discussing this problem further.

Only takeaway : Active and passive issue in both halves of the sentence.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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BankerRUS wrote:
Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?


Hello experts,

I totally agree with the above comment. Does this make sense to use "accept"? Should we not use "accepting"? Please help!


Thanks Anuj!!!
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
The original sentence contains several errors. First, the construction "X rather than Y"
requires parallelism between X and Y, but the original sentence pairs an active verb
("accept") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the use of "if" in this context is
incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X,
then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) The construction "X rather than Y" requires parallelism between X and Y, but this
choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one ("was sent"). Second, the
use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is used only to introduce
conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should be used instead of “if”
to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.
(C) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare
the verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the
correct choice.
(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the construction “X rather than Y” to correctly
compare the parallel active verbs “accept” and “sailed.” The uncertainty about
reaching India by traveling west is correctly indicated by the word “whether.”
(E) This choice begins with "instead of," which is incorrectly used to compare the
verbs “accepting” and “sailed.” When comparing verbs, “rather than” is the correct
choice.
Even if “instead of” were correct, the construction "X instead of Y" requires parallelism
between X and Y, but this choice pairs an active verb ("accepting") with a passive one
("was sent"). Finally, the use of "if" in this context is incorrect. On the GMAT, "if" is
used only to introduce conditional clauses (e.g. “if X, then Y”). Here, "whether" should
be used instead of “if” to indicate uncertainty about reaching India by traveling west.

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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'Rather than' for PREFERENCE and 'Instead of' for Replacement.
'Whether' for ALTERNATIVE and 'IF' for Condition or Hypothetical situation.
Active is preferred over Passive voice.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain - Correct

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Its good to be back after a very long time :-D

Here's my take on this question, but before that couple of important concepts.

Rather than/instead of --> Correct Idiom is 'X' rather than/instead of 'Y', So each can be used.
Having been is used to describe an event that happened in the past, but If we are given a time frame then that event may continue till present. Ex- Having been a smoker for past 10 year....Josh cannot quit smoking.

Now comes the question.

Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west.

A. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by traveling west. Its ambiguous who didn't accept the conventional wisdom. King and Queen OR Christopher Columbus

B. Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west. Same as A + accepting is wrong here because it cannot be used as a verb without any helping verb such as is or are

C. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain. accepting is wrong here because it cannot be used as a verb without any helping verb such as is or are

D. Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain. Correct

E. Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India. Same as B
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 03:04
Silvers wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.



Is option C, if it was RATHER THAN ACCEPTING... WOULD IT BE WRONG?!!
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 05:03
D has problem?

accept in D should be accepted

am i correct?
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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 06:08
anujag24 wrote:
BankerRUS wrote:
Is Rather than "ACCEPT" really correct? should it not be an ing form, whenever it is used as a modifier?


Hello experts,

I totally agree with the above comment. Does this make sense to use "accept"? Should we not use "accepting"? Please help!


Thanks Anuj!!!



Even I would like to know. accept vs accepting

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

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Silvers wrote:
Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.

A.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
B.Rather than accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to see if he could reach India by sailing west.
C.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
D.Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus sailed west to see whether he could reach India, having been sent by the king and queen of Spain.
E.Instead of accepting the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus was sent by the king and queen of Spain to sail west to see if he could reach India.



I think there is a confusion between C and D i.e. Instead of accepting vs. Rather than accept.

Instead of normally takes NOUNS and are rarely preferred to rather than in GMAT. Further, rather than is always preferred in comparing verbs, e.g. accept in the present case. So, all these reasons make D a better choice than C.

Now, why accept and why not accepting after rather than??

Pls note that Christopher Columbus sailed rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat. Right?

So, Columbus actually sailed, but he never really accepted the blah blah... this is hypothetical. So, we have to use the subjunctive form of the verb - accept.
I think this is the reason why accepting would have been improper here.

Guys, I am no expert. I learned some grammar in Gmatclub from experts such as mikemcgarry and egmat. Hope it helps.

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Re: Rather than accept the conventional wisdom that the earth   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2015, 04:28

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