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# Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions

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Senior Manager
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Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 16:54
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:20) correct 42% (01:23) wrong based on 598 sessions

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Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

A) the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
B) the zoo designed a special environment for its lions in which the animals currently live in a mimic of their natural habitat.
C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
D) the zoo's lions currently live in a special environment that the zoo designed to mimic their natural habitat.
E) the zoo currently houses their lions in a special environment designed to mimic their natural habitat.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 18:35
1
IMO C. whats OA?

this is a modifier problem
Who is confining animals? zoo..
so Pick between B, C or E
B: wordy and wrong
C: right
E: uses special environment in a wrong sense. Also zoo is referred as their it should be "its lions"
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 20:45
IMO C.

Modifier Rather than confining the animals to cages modifies zoo. So A and D out.
Zoo is singular, so their in E is wrong.

Awkward construction in B.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2011, 23:21
in C, 'it' refers to zoo, can some one answer, does it make sense? that zoo has designed it...
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2011, 23:27
agdimple333 wrote:
in C, 'it' refers to zoo, can some one answer, does it make sense? that zoo has designed it...

Yes, it refers to zoo only.. zoo specially designed the artificial environment to mimic the natural one
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2011, 06:51
I agree with most of you that the choice should be C. But here is my doubt about "C":

C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

There are two nouns present in this sentence before second "IT": zoo and environment. Isn't it ambiguous?
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2011, 07:15
C for me....Rather than "do this"............the zoo "does this"
B,C,E remain

B is awkward - OUT
E has "their" - OUT
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2011, 19:51
+1 for C.

possessive pronoun (their) can refer to zoo's lions; but "it" cannot refer to zoo.

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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2012, 00:23
I am with C
B comes closer but a little wordy, c is clear.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2015, 23:59
agdimple333 wrote:
in C, 'it' refers to zoo, can some one answer, does it make sense? that zoo has designed it...

Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

A) the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
B) the zoo designed a special environment for its lions in which the animals currently live in a mimic of their natural habitat.
C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
D) the zoo's lions currently live in a special environment that the zoo designed to mimic their natural habitat.
E) the zoo currently houses their lions in a special environment designed to mimic their natural habitat.

Rather than confining...housing =====>parallelism
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2015, 11:31
sguptashared wrote:
I agree with most of you that the choice should be C. But here is my doubt about "C":

C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

There are two nouns present in this sentence before second "IT": zoo and environment. Isn't it ambiguous?

I have the same question. Does someone have a convincing reason?
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2015, 02:38
2
When you have such doubts, take the replacement test.

Original C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

Modified: 1.the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that the zoo specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
Modified: 2. the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that the environment specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
Which is more logical now? You can see there is no need for any ambiguity doubt. In C, the ‘it’ does refer to the zoo only.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2015, 02:55
Hey,

first of all thanks for your explanation. But, logically I agree with you. For me it is also clear but the OA often say, "we dont know the precedence. It is unclear and can be understood in a funny and ironic way." So i never know when logic tells me its not ambigious. and when i have to chose another option because it is not clear. Do yuo understand my problem?^^
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2016, 09:12
If its C, can somebody tell me whether is it possible for an adverb- 'currently' to modify gerund-'Housing' ??
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 01:13
mrsmarthi wrote:
Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

A) the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
B) the zoo designed a special environment for its lions in which the animals currently live in a mimic of their natural habitat.
C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
D) the zoo's lions currently live in a special environment that the zoo designed to mimic their natural habitat.
E) the zoo currently houses their lions in a special environment designed to mimic their natural habitat.

the problem with b is that b make no sense
environment in which animals live in a mimic.

there are two "in". no sense.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 01:42
sguptashared wrote:
I agree with most of you that the choice should be C. But here is my doubt about "C":

C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

There are two nouns present in this sentence before second "IT": zoo and environment. Isn't it ambiguous?

Your observation is correct. However please note that a subject pronoun in one clause often refers to a noun in subject position in another clause. In general, subject nouns make strong antecedents for subject pronouns, even when there is another eligible noun in the predicate portion of the other clause. In such cases, the sentence may be accepted as a correct answer although there may be a sight pronoun ambiguity. Nonetheless please ensure that there are other more serious errors in the other answer choices and there is no other problem with the sentence. Hope this explanation helps.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 02:05
snorkeler wrote:
If its C, can somebody tell me whether is it possible for an adverb- 'currently' to modify gerund-'Housing' ??

The main verb of the sentence is is housing. The adverb currently refers to this verb correctly.

Now consider the following two cases:

Case I: modifying a gerund: You may use an adjective to modify a gerund to emphasize the nominal aspect (i.e., it is a noun). e.g., His quick thinking saved the accident.

Case II: modifying a present participle: Alternatively you may use an adverb if you want to modify the action aspect of the present participle. e.g. The horse ran across the field breathing heavily.

In your post, it appears that you meant that a present participle (rather than a gerund) is being modified. In that case, it is alright to use an adverb.

Hope this explanation clarifies your question.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2016, 10:32
Currently is modifying not just ‘housing’, but ‘is housing’. ‘Is housing’ is a present progressive tense verb. ; So, there is nothing unusual about an adverb modifying the verb within which is it is housed.
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Re: Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2016, 11:31
mrsmarthi wrote:
Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

A) the zoo's lions currently live in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
B) the zoo designed a special environment for its lions in which the animals currently live in a mimic of their natural habitat.
C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.
D) the zoo's lions currently live in a special environment that the zoo designed to mimic their natural habitat.
E) the zoo currently houses their lions in a special environment designed to mimic their natural habitat.

Would any one please explain me why "option B" is wrong.
Why it is awkward and wordy ??
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Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2016, 05:33
sguptashared wrote:
I agree with most of you that the choice should be C. But here is my doubt about "C":

C) the zoo is currently housing its lions in an environment that it specially designed to mimic their natural habitat.

There are two nouns present in this sentence before second "IT": zoo and environment. Isn't it ambiguous?

as per Manhatten SC Book :- If "it" were to refer to Environment, the appropriate usage would have been - "Itself"
see how close Environment and It is.
The fact that "Itself" is not used, means "It" refers to something else - the zoo...
Rather than confining the animals to cages, the zoo's lions   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2016, 05:33

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