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# Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
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Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2007, 06:28
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Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

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Manager
Joined: 02 Feb 2007
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31 Oct 2007, 06:56
I would go with E

E is parallel and "to buy" makes sense rather than for buying.

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Manager
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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2007, 07:21
(A) selling their crops for buying
[ Unidiomatic and not parallel]

(B) the sales of their crops for buying
[ Unidiomatic and not parallel]

(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
[Awkward construction - "as to buy"]

(D) their selling crops for buying of
[Awkward construction, unidiomatic - "for buying of"]

(E) the sale of their crops to buy
[ Best answer ]

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Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2007
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Schools: UCLA Anderson School of Mgmt (FEMBA Class of 2013)
WE 1: 7.5 years in Engg. Consulting

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31 Oct 2007, 07:54
I would go with E also.

A) selling their crops for buying - unidiomatic
B) sales -singular but 'cash proceeds' plural
C) so as to is wrong usage, so as to be is correct
D) does not make sense, unnecessary of etc
E) concise and infinitive form which is mostly preferred.

This is my take, please correct if I said anything wrong.

Soomodh

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2007, 07:38
eyunni wrote:
Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

What is the difference between 'the sales of their crops' and 'the sale of their crops'? Any comments?

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Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2007
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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2007, 19:38
eyunni wrote:
eyunni wrote:
Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

What is the difference between 'the sales of their crops' and 'the sale of their crops'? Any comments?

The sales indicates that subjest preceded by verb 'sales' is singular while 'the sale' indicates that subject preceded by verg 'sale' is plural. So it depends on whats the previous part of this statement.

Is E is the OA? I chose E.

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 633

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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2007, 06:29
yash500 wrote:
eyunni wrote:
eyunni wrote:
Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

What is the difference between 'the sales of their crops' and 'the sale of their crops'? Any comments?

The sales indicates that subject preceded by verb 'sales' is singular while 'the sale' indicates that subject preceded by verb 'sale' is plural. So it depends on whats the previous part of this statement.

Is E is the OA? I chose E.

yash500,
Can you please provide another example?

I thought that sale should be used for one crop and sales should be used for 'crops'

courtesy:
http://www.englishforums.com/English/DifferenceBetweenSaleSales/zvbgx/Post.htm

sale of the crop
sales of the crops

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 633

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02 Nov 2007, 07:18
Darden2010 wrote:
"the sale" is a NOUN not a verb, only nouns have articles (the, a, an) in front of them. And you need a noun for ""to specialize in the production" and "to use the cash proceeds from the sale" to be parallel

to buy is a verb and is parallel with the other verbs in the parallel construction.

If I modify the choice (E) : the sale of their crops to buy to choice
(F):the "sales" of their crops to buy, Is it OK?

If (F) is correct, then the question is purely because of parallelism of 'to buy' and (E) is indeed correct. Thanks for the comments.

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Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2007
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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2007, 18:31
eyunni wrote:
Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

I picked E Because of the idiom "from....to..."

with this in mind, I am down to C and E, but so as to is awkward in C, so I go with E

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Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2007
Posts: 168

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Location: Vienna, Austria
Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2008, 02:39
guys, is it always wrong to say "from the selling" i.e. using the gerund rather than the noun?

thanks for your input!!

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SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1792

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Location: New York
Re: SC1000: Sale of crops [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2008, 07:40
eyunni wrote:
Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary for subsistence, a growing number of farm families during the first decades of the nineteenth century began to specialize in the production of grain or cotton and to use the cash proceeds from selling their crops for buying necessities.

(A) selling their crops for buying
(B) the sales of their crops for buying
(C) their selling of crops so as to buy
(D) their selling crops for buying of
(E) the sale of their crops to buy

Please explain your answers.

E.
Right idiom and parallel

From X to Y.

From the sale of X to buy Y
_________________

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Re: SC1000: Sale of crops   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2008, 07:40
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# Rather than continue to produce most of the items necessary

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