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# Ratio Question

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Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2014
Posts: 63

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

GPA: 3.4

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01 Aug 2014, 18:46
Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this?

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100?

I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question?

Many thanks,

Gordon

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

Manager
Joined: 21 Jul 2014
Posts: 127

Kudos [?]: 164 [1], given: 12

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01 Aug 2014, 18:59
1
KUDOS
gordonf35 wrote:
Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this?

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100?

I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question?

Many thanks,

Gordon

I use m to represent slope.

X = mY
Y = m(1/Z)

X = m(1/Z)

100 = m(1/50) --> m = 5000

X = 5000(1/100) --> X = 50

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Manager
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Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

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03 Aug 2014, 05:56
LighthousePrep wrote:
gordonf35 wrote:
Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this?

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100?

I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question?

Many thanks,

Gordon

I use m to represent slope.

X = mY
Y = m(1/Z)

X = m(1/Z)

100 = m(1/50) --> m = 5000

X = 5000(1/100) --> X = 50

Thanks for your reply. I don't think it is the correct answer as you assume the "m" is the same for both directly and inversely proportional case. I am just trying to figure out whether it is possible to obtain a solution given with one single example.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

Current Student
Joined: 13 Sep 2012
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 2 [1], given: 10

GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41

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03 Aug 2014, 07:20
1
KUDOS
gordonf35 wrote:
Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this?

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100?

I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question?

Many thanks,

Gordon

x/y = k
y = x/k

y = m/z
yz = m

Therefore,
x*z/k = m or x*z = k*m.

Now when z=50, x = 100

k*m = 5000

Hence, when z = 100, substituting in x*z = m *k, we get

100 * x = 5000

x = 50.

Hope it is clear.

Last edited by distressedDamsel on 05 Aug 2014, 10:41, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 2 [1], given: 10

Manager
Joined: 11 Jun 2014
Posts: 57

Kudos [?]: 34 [3], given: 3

Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V45
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)

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03 Aug 2014, 19:22
3
KUDOS
so x is directly proportional to y, and y is inversely proportional to z,

so 'x' is inversely proportional to 'z'. thats IT.

say,
x=k*y and
y=m/z

substitute the value of 'y' as x/k

x/k=m/z --> x = (m*k)/z , m*k is a constant and can be replaced with another constant 'c'. it does not matter what the relationship between 'x' and 'y' actually is..

finally its just x=c/z !!!!!

put in x=50,z=100, we get c=5000

so when z=100, x=50

Kudos [?]: 34 [3], given: 3

Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2014
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Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

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05 Aug 2014, 10:25
sshrivats wrote:
so x is directly proportional to y, and y is inversely proportional to z,

so 'x' is inversely proportional to 'z'. thats IT.

say,
x=k*y and
y=m/z

substitute the value of 'y' as x/k

x/k=m/z --> x = (m*k)/z , m*k is a constant and can be replaced with another constant 'c'. it does not matter what the relationship between 'x' and 'y' actually is..

finally its just x=c/z !!!!!

put in x=50,z=100, we get c=5000

so when z=100, x=50

THanks for everyone's input. I am really appreciate people who spent time on problem of the others , +1 kudo for those who contributes and seems correct to me. We are having a mixed answer here.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 77

Current Student
Joined: 13 Sep 2012
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 10

GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41

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05 Aug 2014, 10:45
gordonf35 wrote:
sshrivats wrote:
so x is directly proportional to y, and y is inversely proportional to z,

so 'x' is inversely proportional to 'z'. thats IT.

say,
x=k*y and
y=m/z

substitute the value of 'y' as x/k

x/k=m/z --> x = (m*k)/z , m*k is a constant and can be replaced with another constant 'c'. it does not matter what the relationship between 'x' and 'y' actually is..

finally its just x=c/z !!!!!

put in x=50,z=100, we get c=5000

so when z=100, x=50

THanks for everyone's input. I am really appreciate people who spent time on problem of the others , +1 kudo for those who contributes and seems correct to me. We are having a mixed answer here.

I've edited my earlier post as I had got the inverse relationship between y and z wrong. The previous post corrects my mistake and I believe that It is the correct solution.

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 10

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7747

Kudos [?]: 17869 [1], given: 235

Location: Pune, India

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06 Aug 2014, 23:31
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
gordonf35 wrote:
Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this?

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100?

I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question?

Many thanks,

Gordon

Note that the question should explicitly mention "what is x when z is 100 keeping y constant"

"x is directly proportional to y"

x/y = k

"y is inversely proportional to z"

yz = m

Joint variation gives

x/(yz) = p
x/z = py

100/50 = py = 2

x/100 = 2
x = 200

Please see this post on Joint Variation: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/02 ... g-jointly/
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Kudos [?]: 17869 [1], given: 235 Manager Joined: 04 Oct 2013 Posts: 161 Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Location: India GMAT Date: 05-23-2015 GPA: 3.45 Re: Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Aug 2014, 22:02 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: gordonf35 wrote: Hello guys, I saw similar question in GMAT OG but I think it would be much harder if I change it a bit. Please could you let me know your comment of this? x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100? I am not sure how to build a relationship of this. Is it possible to obtain a solution on this question? Many thanks, Gordon Note that the question should explicitly mention "what is x when z is 100 keeping y constant" "x is directly proportional to y" x/y = k "y is inversely proportional to z" yz = m Joint variation gives x/(yz) = p x/z = py 100/50 = py = 2 x/100 = 2 x = 200 Please see this post on Joint Variation: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/02 ... g-jointly/ x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z. If x is 100 when z is 50, what is x when z is 100? x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z -> this implies x and z are inversely proportional or product of xz = constant. In other words, when x increases, then z decreases and when x decreases, then z increases. Given that, when x equals 100, z is 50. Therefore, when z increases from 50 to 100, then x must decrease from 100 to 50. (I have assumed that variations are linear) Am I missing something? Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7747 Kudos [?]: 17869 [2], given: 235 Location: Pune, India Re: Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Aug 2014, 23:07 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post arunspanda wrote: x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z -> this implies x and z are inversely proportional or product of xz = constant. In other words, when x increases, then z decreases and when x decreases, then z increases. Given that, when x equals 100, z is 50. Therefore, when z increases from 50 to 100, then x must decrease from 100 to 50. (I have assumed that variations are linear) Am I missing something? In joint variation, when you establish relation between three or more variables, you have to ensure that independent relation between any two variables remains the same when the third variable is constant. So x/y = k yz = m gives x/yz = p (constant) Now if z is constant, x/y is constant If x is constant, yz is constant So if y is constant, x is directly proportional to z - that is how x and z are related. Please check the link mentioned above. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 17869 [2], given: 235

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 161

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Location: India
GMAT Date: 05-23-2015
GPA: 3.45

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07 Aug 2014, 23:27
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
arunspanda wrote:

x is directly proportional to y and y is inversely proportional to z -> this implies x and z are inversely proportional
or product of xz = constant. In other words, when x increases, then z decreases and when x decreases, then z increases.
Given that, when x equals 100, z is 50.
Therefore, when z increases from 50 to 100, then x must decrease from 100 to 50. (I have assumed that variations are linear)

Am I missing something?

In joint variation, when you establish relation between three or more variables, you have to ensure that independent relation between any two variables remains the same when the third variable is constant.

So
x/y = k
yz = m
gives

x/yz = p (constant)

Now if z is constant, x/y is constant
If x is constant, yz is constant

So if y is constant, x is directly proportional to z - that is how x and z are related.

The following text is reproduced from the blog.

1. x varies directly with y and directly with z.
x/y = k
x/z = k
Joint variation: x/yz = k
2. x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z.
x/y = k
yz = k
Joint variation: x/yz = k

Both cases above are shown with the same equation.
I am confused. Kindly clarify.

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Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7747

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07 Aug 2014, 23:38
arunspanda wrote:
The following text is reproduced from the blog.

1. x varies directly with y and directly with z.
x/y = k
x/z = k
Joint variation: x/yz = k
2. x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z.
x/y = k
yz = k
Joint variation: x/yz = k

Both cases above are shown with the same equation.
I am confused. Kindly clarify.

Yes, they are the same.

x varies directly with y (z constant) and x varies directly with z (y constant). -> implies y varies inversely with z (if x is constant)

x varies directly with y (z constant) and y varies inversely with z (x constant) -> implies x varies directly with z (if y is constant)

Hence they both give the same expression: x/yz = constant
Try each case. Put a finger on the variable you want constant. See if the relation between the other two variables holds.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235 Manager Joined: 04 Oct 2013 Posts: 161 Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Location: India GMAT Date: 05-23-2015 GPA: 3.45 Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Aug 2014, 00:01 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: arunspanda wrote: The following text is reproduced from the blog. 1. x varies directly with y and directly with z. x/y = k x/z = k Joint variation: x/yz = k 2. x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z. x/y = k yz = k Joint variation: x/yz = k Both cases above are shown with the same equation. I am confused. Kindly clarify. Yes, they are the same. x varies directly with y (z constant) and x varies directly with z (y constant). -> implies y varies inversely with z (if x is constant) x varies directly with y (z constant) and y varies inversely with z (x constant) -> implies x varies directly with z (if y is constant) Hence they both give the same expression: x/yz = constant Try each case. Put a finger on the variable you want constant. See if the relation between the other two variables holds. These variations appear similar to gas law in Chemistry. P (Pressure) is proportional to T (Temperature), keeping volume constant P (Pressure) is inversely proportional to V (Volume), keeping Temperature constant. Combining both variations, $$\frac{PV}{T} = constant$$ Assuming x, y and z as T (Temperature), P (Pressure) and V (Volume) respectively, we get$$\frac{yz}{x} = constant$$. Is the above analogy presented wrong? Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7747 Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235 Location: Pune, India Re: Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Aug 2014, 00:20 arunspanda wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: arunspanda wrote: The following text is reproduced from the blog. 1. x varies directly with y and directly with z. x/y = k x/z = k Joint variation: x/yz = k 2. x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z. x/y = k yz = k Joint variation: x/yz = k Both cases above are shown with the same equation. I am confused. Kindly clarify. Yes, they are the same. x varies directly with y (z constant) and x varies directly with z (y constant). -> implies y varies inversely with z (if x is constant) x varies directly with y (z constant) and y varies inversely with z (x constant) -> implies x varies directly with z (if y is constant) Hence they both give the same expression: x/yz = constant Try each case. Put a finger on the variable you want constant. See if the relation between the other two variables holds. These variations appear similar to gas law in Chemistry. P (Pressure) is proportional to T (Temperature), keeping volume constant P (Pressure) is inversely proportional to V (Volume), keeping Temperature constant. Combining both variations, $$\frac{PV}{T} = constant$$ Assuming x, y and z as T (Temperature), P (Pressure) and V (Volume) respectively, we get$$\frac{yz}{x} = constant$$. Is the above analogy presented wrong? No, it's correct. You get yz/x = constant which is same as saying x/yz = constant because 1/constant = New constant. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
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Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235

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08 Aug 2014, 00:23
arunspanda wrote:
These variations appear similar to gas law in Chemistry.
P (Pressure) is proportional to T (Temperature), keeping volume constant
P (Pressure) is inversely proportional to V (Volume), keeping Temperature constant.
Combining both variations, $$\frac{PV}{T} = constant$$

Assuming x, y and z as T (Temperature), P (Pressure) and V (Volume) respectively, we get$$\frac{yz}{x} = constant$$.

Is the above analogy presented wrong?

Note here:
P directly proportional to T (P increases, T increases)
P inversely proportional to V (P increases, V decreases)
So can we say that when P increases, T increases and V decreases so T and V are inversely proportional? No. V and T are directly proportional - we see that from our expression PV/T = constant.

Note that the third variable is assumed to be a constant.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235 Manager Joined: 04 Oct 2013 Posts: 161 Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Location: India GMAT Date: 05-23-2015 GPA: 3.45 Re: Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Aug 2014, 01:03 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: arunspanda wrote: These variations appear similar to gas law in Chemistry. P (Pressure) is proportional to T (Temperature), keeping volume constant P (Pressure) is inversely proportional to V (Volume), keeping Temperature constant. Combining both variations, $$\frac{PV}{T} = constant$$ Assuming x, y and z as T (Temperature), P (Pressure) and V (Volume) respectively, we get$$\frac{yz}{x} = constant$$. Is the above analogy presented wrong? Note here: P directly proportional to T (P increases, T increases) P inversely proportional to V (P increases, V decreases) So can we say that when P increases, T increases and V decreases so T and V are inversely proportional? No. V and T are directly proportional - we see that from our expression PV/T = constant. Note that the third variable is assumed to be a constant. 1. x varies directly with y and directly with z. x/y = k x/z = k Joint variation: x/yz = k 2. x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z. x/y = k yz = k Joint variation: x/yz = k From 1. and 2., it can be concluded that both expressions "x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z" and x varies directly with y and directly with z" are same. Let us consider 2 which states that x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z. x/y = k....(A) yz = k......(B) Multiplying (A) and (B) (assuming k is not equal to zero and y is same in both (A) and (B) (x/y)(yz) = constant or, xz = constant This leads to wrong conclusion that x is inversely proportional to z. Kindly elaborate. Kudos [?]: 123 [0], given: 55 Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7747 Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235 Location: Pune, India Ratio Question [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Aug 2014, 01:54 arunspanda wrote: Let us consider 2 which states that x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z. x/y = k....(A) yz = k......(B) Multiplying (A) and (B) (assuming k is not equal to zero and y is same in both (A) and (B) (x/y)(yz) = constant or, xz = constant This leads to wrong conclusion that x is inversely proportional to z. Kindly elaborate. You are focusing on equations while forgetting the constraints under which they are true. note that the third variable is a constant. x/y = k.... only when z is a constant yz = k......Here z is not a constant. This equation holds only when x is a constant. How are you multiplying these equations? They are not always true. They hold in different cases. Please read up on Joint Variation from a Math book. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Kudos [?]: 17869 [0], given: 235

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2013
Posts: 161

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Location: India
GMAT Date: 05-23-2015
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08 Aug 2014, 03:23
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
arunspanda wrote:
Let us consider 2 which states that x varies directly with y and y varies inversely with z.
x/y = k....(A)
yz = k......(B)

Multiplying (A) and (B) (assuming k is not equal to zero and y is same in both (A) and (B)
(x/y)(yz) = constant
or, xz = constant
This leads to wrong conclusion that x is inversely proportional to z.

Kindly elaborate.

You are focusing on equations while forgetting the constraints under which they are true. note that the third variable is a constant.

x/y = k.... only when z is a constant
yz = k......Here z is not a constant. This equation holds only when x is a constant.

How are you multiplying these equations? They are not always true. They hold in different cases.

Let us consider following two cases.

Case 1.
x is directly proportional to y, z is held constant -> x/y=constant for all x and y keeping z as constant.
x is inversely proportional to z, y is held constant-> xz=constant for all x and z keeping y as constant.
Then, xz/y = constant.

Case 2.
x is directly proportional to y, z is held constant ->x/y=constant for all x and y keeping z as constant.
y is inversely proportional to z, x is held constant -> yz=constant for all y and z keeping x as constant.
Then, x/yz =constant or x is proportional to z.

Are these joint relations correct?-In particular, the case 2, in which x is not directly related to z.
I am requesting you to kindly explain.

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Ratio Question   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2014, 03:23
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