It is currently 19 Nov 2017, 04:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

6 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 27 [6], given: 12

Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2010, 09:59
6
This post received
KUDOS
22
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

45% (01:22) correct 55% (01:23) wrong based on 672 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have been steadily declining, which can only be the result of overcrowding in the schools.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument expressed above?

a) The high school system in Gotham succeeds in giving students a good education at considerably less cost than do most systems.
b) Several cities have found that overcrowding in the schools is not always associated with lower reading scores.
c) Gotham schools have a greater teacher-to-student ratio than most other school systems.
d) Students' reading skills have not declined in other cities where the high schools are just as crowded as those of Gotham.
e) Schools are not overcrowded in many cities where high school reading scores have declined more than they have in Gotham.

[Reveal] Spoiler: Poster's comment
Please justify your options. I feel two options (d & e) are correct. Stimulus suggests that overcrowding in the schools (cause) leads to decline in reading skills among high school students in Gotham (Effect).
Option d states effect does not occur even when the cause occurs.
Option e states effect occurs even when cause has not occurred.
How do you justify one option over the other as both seem to weaken the argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Mahmud6 on 08 Nov 2017, 05:07, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted

Kudos [?]: 27 [6], given: 12

5 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Apr 2010
Posts: 93

Kudos [?]: 18 [5], given: 1

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2010, 11:02
5
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
My thoughts:

Keyword is ONLY. i.e. Overcrowding is a necessary condition for decline in reading skills. Hence, conclusion is: If Decline, then Overcrowding.

E states: some non-overcrowded schools experience decline reading skills. It effectively means that if Decline then NOT necessarily overcrowding. Hence, weakens conclusion.

D simply says that there is no decline in reading skills for some overcrowded schools. It does nothing to the conclusion because the conclusion does not talk about the scenario when there is no decline in reading skills.

Kudos [?]: 18 [5], given: 1

5 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Sep 2010
Posts: 120

Kudos [?]: 110 [5], given: 4

Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V40
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2010, 11:58
5
This post received
KUDOS
Cause -> Effect

Overcrowding -> Declining in reading skills

Both options are equally attractive. But this is one slight different. It is the use of the word "crowd" vs "overcrowd". A typical shell game. D is saying that the other cities' high school do not experiene decline in the reading skill even though the schools are as crowded as those of Gotham. "Crowd" does not mean "overcrowd". It could also mean "same population" and the other cities's schools have more teachers.

E is specific about the word "overcrowd". Also, it is saying that schools that are not "overcrowded" are also experiening the same effect (i.e. decline in reading skills)
_________________

----------------------------------------------
My GMAT Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/name-of-the-game-do-not-giveup-112609.html

If you like my post, Kudos me.

Don't forget to visit me - http://mbaido.wordpress.com/

Kudos [?]: 110 [5], given: 4

3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 181

Kudos [?]: 104 [3], given: 11

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2010, 00:11
3
This post received
KUDOS
the conclusion says the overcrowd in the school is causing the decline in the reading skills.
To weaken this one, we have to show that the overcrowd is not the only reason for the decine in reading skills.

Now in D
Students' reading skills have not declined in other cities where the high schools are just as crowded as those of Gotham.
it says, there are other cities which are as crowded as Gotham, where the reading skills have not declined. But it doesn't give any information regarding the other reasons for the decline.

In E
Schools are not overcrowded in many cities where high school reading scores have declined more than they have in Gotham.
it says in some less crowded cities the reading skills have declined. So there has to some reason for this delcine other than the overcrowd. This one weakens the argument by introducing some other factors.

So E is the ans

Kudos [?]: 104 [3], given: 11

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Feb 2010
Posts: 129

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2010, 02:10
+1 for E

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 12

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2010, 09:09
Thanks 'ohfred' and 'geturdream'.. +1 kudos to both of you....

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 12

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Feb 2008
Posts: 494

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 66

Location: Kolkata
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2010, 10:05
danj +1 for the question.:) may i know the source of the question?

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 66

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 11 May 2010
Posts: 216

Kudos [?]: 141 [0], given: 11

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2010, 19:18
Wonderful explanation geturdream!

Kudos [?]: 141 [0], given: 11

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 12

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2010, 19:24
Source is Kaplan 800

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 12

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Feb 2010
Posts: 129

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Sep 2010, 06:39
ya this is nice question

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

TOEFL Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1602

Kudos [?]: 600 [0], given: 40

Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Reviews Badge
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2011, 22:25
The answer is E.
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 600 [0], given: 40

VP
VP
avatar
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1283

Kudos [?]: 286 [0], given: 10

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jun 2011, 19:20
E says !overcrowding => reading decline.
Meaning effect occurs even if cause does not.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

Kudos [?]: 286 [0], given: 10

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2009
Posts: 303

Kudos [?]: 697 [0], given: 20

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jun 2011, 22:13
danj wrote:
Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have been steadily declining, which can only be the result of overcrowding in the schools.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument expressed above?

a) The high school system in Gotham succeeds in giving students a good education at considerably less cost than do most systems.
b) Several cities have found that overcrowding in the schools is not always associated with lower reading scores.
c) Gotham schools have a greater teacher-to-student ratio than most other school systems.
d) Students' reading skills have not declined in other cities where the high schools are just as crowded as those of Gotham.
e) Schools are not overcrowded in many cities where high school reading scores have declined more than they have in Gotham.

Please justify your options. I feel two options (d & e) are correct. Stimulus suggests that overcrowding in the schools (cause) leads to decline in reading skills among high school students in Gotham (Effect).
Option d states effect does not occur even when the cause occurs.
Option e states effect occurs even when cause has not occurred.
How do you justify one option over the other as both seem to weaken the argument.


Though I went with E but didnt like D and E both for the above highlighted portions that have nowhere been mentioned in the argument.

Kudos [?]: 697 [0], given: 20

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 240

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 4

Schools: UNC Duke Kellogg
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2011, 14:27
Great question!!!!

Weakening an argument by introducing an "alternate causation"...

D is close -- but subtle differences between schools and high schools, and between reading scores and reading scores among high school students...

E wins!

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 4

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10131

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2013, 01:46
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10131

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Dec 2014, 12:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2015
Posts: 24

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 2

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2015, 09:14
Pretty good explanations.

It is a cause + effect situation. To weaken it, you must "prove" otherwise in similar conditions (ex.: A place where the effect is present, i mean, the skills have also been constantly decreasing), but for any reason other than "overcrowded". It could even be a random X reason, as long as it is different than "overcrowded".

D is wrong because the effect was different.

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 2

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Aug 2015
Posts: 17

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 241

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2015, 15:02
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Here is the difference between D and E:

D is saying that overcrowding did not cause a decrease in reading skills among some schools. If the conclusion was overcrowding ALWAYS causes a decrease in reading skills, then this answer would be correct. However, the conclusion is that overcrowding is the ONLY cause of a decline in reading skills. E states that there must be other causes for a decline in reading skills than overcrowding. This directly addresses the conclusion.

Thus E. It boils down to the difference between ONLY and ALWAYS.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 241

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2012
Posts: 34

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 11

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2016, 06:32
ohfred wrote:
My thoughts:

Keyword is ONLY. i.e. Overcrowding is a necessary condition for decline in reading skills. Hence, conclusion is: If Decline, then Overcrowding.

E states: some non-overcrowded schools experience decline reading skills. It effectively means that if Decline then NOT necessarily overcrowding. Hence, weakens conclusion.

D simply says that there is no decline in reading skills for some overcrowded schools. It does nothing to the conclusion because the conclusion does not talk about the scenario when there is no decline in reading skills.

Dude, could seem that what others cities do is out of scope. Doesn't have the answer to be a subset of the stimulus? In any other question this would be out of scope. ..

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 11

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Mar 2015
Posts: 103

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 92

Concentration: Leadership, Finance
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Feb 2016, 07:28
Ok. D is not the correct option as it does not mention about overcrowding in other schools.

However, in E there is subtle shift from Reading skills to reading scores. Can we expect this shift in GMAT answers?

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 92

Re: Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2016, 07:28

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Reading skills among high school students in Gotham have

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.