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Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with

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Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 22:58
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  95% (hard)

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40% (02:25) correct 60% (02:31) wrong based on 86 sessions

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Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with virtually identical narratives appear in the cultures of several remote Polynesian islands. Because of the distance and lack of navigation techniques, it is unlikely that most of the inhabitants of these islands were able to maintain ongoing bidirectional cultural contacts across the archipelago. Nonetheless, the researchers now assume that all of the creation myths share a common origin.

Which of the following would be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the anthropologists' assumption?

(A) Whether some of the early inhabitants of the Polynesian archipelago were able to sail to remote islands.
(B) Whether sailing between Polynesian islands would have been primarily by fast sail boats.
(C) Whether narratives of creation were spread on each island by designated storytellers.
(D) Whether the creation stories of the inhabitants of Polynesia were different in the remote past.
(E) Whether the creation myths that were discovered by anthropologists in Polynesia differed from each other only by insignificant parts of their narratives.

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Re: Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 10:35
tarunanandani wrote:
Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with virtually identical narratives appear in the cultures of several remote Polynesian islands. Because of the distance and lack of navigation techniques, it is unlikely that most of the inhabitants of these islands were able to maintain ongoing bidirectional cultural contacts across the archipelago. Nonetheless, the researchers now assume that all of the creation myths share a common origin.

Which of the following would be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the anthropologists' assumption?

(A) Whether some of the early inhabitants of the Polynesian archipelago were able to sail to remote islands.
(B) Whether sailing between Polynesian islands would have been primarily by fast sail boats.
(C) Whether narratives of creation were spread on each island by designated storytellers.
(D) Whether the creation stories of the inhabitants of Polynesia were different in the remote past.
(E) Whether the creation myths that were discovered by anthropologists in Polynesia differed from each other only by insignificant parts of their narratives.



IMO A,

Although answer A is pretty shaky (one could sail to remote islands but could not be a storyteller or could never share a creation myth), let's try to eliminate the other answer choices to narrow down our decision options:

Answer B could be easily eliminated since the argument is not concerned about the means of sailing among islands.
Answer C could also be easily eliminated since the argument is not bothered by whereas myths are spread by designated storytellers or not.
Answer D could be eliminated as well since this is not the scope of our thinking nor the concern of the argument.
Answer E is tricky indeed. It makes us question whether significant parts of the stories were identical or not. But pay attention here! we should be able to eliminate this answer choice as well since the argument already mentions that "creation myths with virtually identical narratives appear in the cultures of several remote Polynesian islands." Choice E is giving us a statement to evaluate that has already been stated as a fact in the argument.

This leaves us with choice A,
Thanks
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Re: Recent anthropological research found that creation myths with   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 10:35
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