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Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has

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Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2018, 23:16
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C
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E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:14) correct 32% (01:55) wrong based on 62 sessions

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Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has the lowest incidence of disease P of any country. Nevertheless, residents of Country X who are reported to have contracted disease P are much more likely to die from it than are residents of any other country.

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy described above?

(A) There are several forms of disease P, some of which are more contagious than others.

(B) Most of the fatal cases of disease P found in Country X involve people who do not reside in Country X.

(C) In Country X, diagnosis of disease P seldom occurs except in the most severe cases of the disease.

(D) The number of cases of disease P that occur in any country fluctuates widely from year to year.

(E) Because of its climate, more potentially fatal illnesses occur in Country X than in many other countries.


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Re: Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2018, 05:14
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Country X has the lowest rate of disease P of any country. Yet, the residents of Country X seem to have the most serious cases of any country as well, as they are much more likely to die from the disease. These two facts seem to contradict each other. However, note the use of the word “reported” in the second sentence. Country X does not necessarily have the most serious cases of disease P, they just have the most serious reported cases. This leaves open the possibility that the paradox is not so much about the actual numbers involved with disease P, but about the reported numbers of disease P. Therefore, any fact that explains a discrepancy in the numbers reported could potentially resolve this paradox.

Option A - irrelevant, severity of disease is not the point. Also "some" is avoidable in strengthen /weaken etc type questions.
Option B - It is also irrelevant - we are only concerned with the residents of country ☓. Those who contract the disease but aren't residents of x is out of scope.
Option D - It is not addressing any country in particular, hence can be eliminated.
Option E- doesn't mention about disease.

Option C is the right answer as most cases are untreated,so therefore the residents there are much more likely to die from the disease
Re: Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has &nbs [#permalink] 30 Jun 2018, 05:14
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Recent epidemiological studies report that Country X has

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