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# Recent research has indicated that married people are not

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CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
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Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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30 May 2008, 19:31
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (01:59) correct 44% (01:09) wrong based on 2012 sessions

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Recent research has indicated that married people are not only happier than unmarried people, but also healthier. This study has been widely reported by the media, with most commentators concluding that being married is good for one’s health and attitude.

The conclusion of the media commentators depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The longer people are married, the happier and healthier they become.
(B) Married couples who had a large, extravagant wedding are happier than those who had a small, simple
(C) Married people cannot get depressed.
(D) Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people.
(E) Some marriages are more harmonious than others.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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30 May 2008, 20:29
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bsd_lover wrote:
Recent research has indicated that married people are not only happier than unmarried people, but also healthier. This study has been widely reported by the media, with most commentators concluding that being married is good for one’s health and attitude.

The conclusion of the media commentators depends on which of the following assumptions?

A The longer people are married, the happier and healthier they become.

B Married couples who had a large, extravagant wedding are happier than those who had a small, simple

C Married people cannot get depressed.

D Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people.

E Some marriages are more harmonious than others.

D

The argument assumes that getting married improved one's health. However, if single people with depression don't marry because of depression itself, then this suggests that depression itself is the actual cause of single people not getting marry.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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30 May 2008, 20:59
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on 2nd pass D does look good too..

so debating between C and D...

if C is not true would the argument hold? yeah..it still does..argument doesnt say anything about long term affects of marriage..maybe later they get depressed who knows..

D says everyone has an equal oppurtunity to get married and be happy..if this werent true i think the argument falls apart..

D it is..
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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30 May 2008, 21:09
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I thinks that it is D.

In order to make such conclusion the author has to assume that "marriage" is a cause of "be happier and healthier" but not a sequence. People with depression or health problems might be reluctant to get marriage. If so, "marriage" is a effect.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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31 May 2008, 20:43
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OE:
Research indicates that there is a connection between being married and being happy and healthy. Media commentators have concluded that marriage causes happiness and health. However, one could reasonably conclude from the research that the cause and effect are the reverse: being happy and healthy makes a person more likely to get married.

(A) The research compared married people to unmarried people. Neither the researchers nor the media commentators made any distinction between newlyweds and those who had been married a long time, so this assumption is not necessary.

(B) The type of wedding is outside the scope of this argument. The research compared married people to unmarried people, but made no distinction based upon the type of wedding. Thus, this assumption is unnecessary.

(C) At first, this statement may seem necessary—after all, if the commentators conclude that marriage causes happiness, a lack of depression in married people would certainly support that conclusion. However, the statement is too extreme. One depressed married person does not invalidate the research indicating that, on average, married people are healthier and happier than non-married people.

(D) CORRECT. This statement eliminates the alternative interpretation of the research findings—that being happy and healthy makes a person more likely to get married.

(E) The research compared married people to unmarried people. Neither the researchers nor the media commentators made any distinction between harmonious marriages and combative marriages, so this assumption is not necessary.
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26 Sep 2009, 22:06
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D.
If only happy and healthy single people get married, then the marriage doesn't make them to be happy and healthy. In fact, they have happy marriage because they are happy people.
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28 Sep 2009, 09:16
OA is D.

fall2009,

Initially I didn't understand your reasoning. But today after rereading, I think I got what you were trying to say. Good explanation.

Here is my explanation -

Stimulas is stating that "Married people are happier and healthier when compared to unmarried people." Also the stimulus concluded that "Being Married is what makes the life happier and healthier".

Question stem is asking for the assumption that the author made. Even before we look at the answer choices, we(author) can assume that, single people once they are married, they live happier and healthier(irrespective of how they are before marriage) and also chances for single people getting married are for both those who are not happy and those who are happy.

In addition, look at fall2009's explanation. Hope it helps you in a better understanding.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 11:28
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My approach to CR question is first to determine the flaw in the argument (if the stimulus is an argument as oppose to statement of fact). Especially with an assumption question, the argument is most likely to be flaw. For instance, in this question, the flaw is correlation an causation. The commentator claims that just because there is a correlation between marriage and happiness + health benefits, you can conclude that marriage is good for your health and mental attitude.

As for me, I was down between C and D as well.

Answer choice D is correct because address this flaw in a very sneaky way. Choice D address this correlation and causation issue by eliminating the possibility that depression and health issue is actually causing people to NOT get married by saying that
" Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people."

If we negate answer choice D, then we'll see that the conclusion above does not hold. If we negate choice D, we'll get "Single people with depression or health problems are NOT AS LIKELY to get married as are other single people." This show that there are actually a reverse correlation between marriage and depression.

Answer choice C: is incorrect because as stated earlier, if we negate C. The conclusion still holds. This example might help for those of us who still think C is correct. What if I say that running 10 mile is a good for your cardio and fat loss, and some body (answer choice C) argues that runners cannot get fat, would this weakened my argument above. This is very similar to answer C on the question, just because you get married that doesn't mean that you will never be depressed. You might be happily marry for en year and then one day you found out that your husband or wife had an affair with your best friend. Furthermore, both of your parents are suffering from brain tumor. Any reasonable person would be depressed.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 12:32
thanks atey... great first post:)

I had a hard time figuring out between C/D....

atey2010 wrote:
My approach to CR question is first to determine the flaw in the argument (if the stimulus is an argument as oppose to statement of fact). Especially with an assumption question, the argument is most likely to be flaw. For instance, in this question, the flaw is correlation an causation. The commentator claims that just because there is a correlation between marriage and happiness + health benefits, you can conclude that marriage is good for your health and mental attitude.

As for me, I was down between C and D as well.

Answer choice D is correct because address this flaw in a very sneaky way. Choice D address this correlation and causation issue by eliminating the possibility that depression and health issue is actually causing people to NOT get married by saying that
" Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people."

If we negate answer choice D, then we'll see that the conclusion above does not hold. If we negate choice D, we'll get "Single people with depression or health problems are NOT AS LIKELY to get married as are other single people." This show that there are actually a reverse correlation between marriage and depression.

Answer choice C: is incorrect because as stated earlier, if we negate C. The conclusion still holds. This example might help for those of us who still think C is correct. What if I say that running 10 mile is a good for your cardio and fat loss, and some body (answer choice C) argues that runners cannot get fat, would this weakened my argument above. This is very similar to answer C on the question, just because you get married that doesn't mean that you will never be depressed. You might be happily marry for en year and then one day you found out that your husband or wife had an affair with your best friend. Furthermore, both of your parents are suffering from brain tumor. Any reasonable person would be depressed.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 18:36
I like your reasoning. Awesome interpretation of "just as likely to get married "

A, B, C, E -> even when you negate them the argument wouldn't fall apart.

FN wrote:
on 2nd pass D does look good too..

so debating between C and D...

if C is not true would the argument hold? yeah..it still does..argument doesnt say anything about long term affects of marriage..maybe later they get depressed who knows..

D says everyone has an equal oppurtunity to get married and be happy..if this werent true i think the argument falls apart..

D it is..

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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 21:32
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Thanks pranrasvij & nusmavrik. If you have any more questions, shoot me a message. I'm pretty solid on CR and RC. But I still have some problems with the grammar part esp. the idioms stuff. I argue that the American idiom grammar section is unfair to us ESL students. Anyhow, as for CR strategy, I would recommend to approach the question upfront, meaning that we should first see if the argument is a good argument or a flaw argument or if this is just a statement of fact (this usually applies to inference question). If its an argument, it is most likely flaw since we can't really strengthen or weakened a good argument. Therefore, you should identify a flaw in the argument first and then approach the question. Almost always the answer choice that is correct will address this flaw. Keep in mind that there might be more than one flaw. But the question will definitely address that flaw inorder to strengthen or weakened the argument. Just like this marriage CR question, if we see correlation & causation flaw then we could narrow down to the correct answer choice D. I don't know why, but the GMAT test prep books that I read so far do not explicitly address this topic.

I found this to be helpful especially if English is not your native language, since this technique help you solve CR question much faster and a lot more accurate. So you can save up time to deal with dense RC passage or very annoying and tricky American Idioms SC.

Ok I will stop. Thanks for reading.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2010, 11:03
deepakraam wrote:
I will go with option C

Read through the earlier posts and you will see why option C is wrong.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2011, 07:46
I used POE.

(A) The longer people are married, the happier and healthier they become.
Out of scope. Length of marriage is not relevant.

(B) Married couples who had a large, extravagant wedding are happier than those who had a small, simple
Out of scope. Who cares about the size of weddings?

(C) Married people cannot get depressed.
Cannot is a strong word. Out.

(D) Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people.
Only this is remaining.

(E) Some marriages are more harmonious than others.
Out of scope.
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2011, 05:37
The author cites a correlation between marriage and conditions like happiness and health , and concludes that marriage leads to happiness and health. Hence he’s assuming that the causation doesn’t run the other way.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 18:35
@raviram80

i also marked C.
But for C to be correct we need to take another assumption that depression does not cause people to be happy 7 healthy.

I think here we need to affirm the relation between married & happy+ healthy
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2012, 20:40
hmm I think you are right,

It was easier to come to answer by process of elimination in this one to come to the answer, what do you think.

Thanks
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 00:22
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mrsmarthi wrote:
Recent research has indicated that married people are not only happier than unmarried people, but also healthier. This study has been widely reported by the media, with most commentators concluding that being married is good for one’s health and attitude.

The conclusion of the media commentators depends on which of the following assumptions?

A) The longer people are married, the happier and healthier they become.
B) Married couples who had a large, extravagant wedding are happier than those who had a small, simple ceremony.
C) Married people cannot get depressed.
D) Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people.
E) Some marriages are more harmonious than others.

marriage -> being healthy. Option D prevent the reversal of this cause effect. IF single people with depression are not likely to get married as other single people then unmarried people would consist of this depressed one's having poorer health from before, rather than this condition occurring due to being unmarried.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 01:10
Simple question. Use the negation technique and you will find that only D weakens the argument so D is the correct answer.
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Manager
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 01:46
I want to learn the negation technique here could you pls let me know
Thanks

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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 12:30
Abhi,

Could you please explain how the negation technique here is working for D?

Thanks
Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2012, 12:30

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