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# Recent surveys have confirmed that graduates of University

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CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
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21 Jul 2005, 21:27
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6.

Recent surveys have confirmed that graduates of University Alpha are, on average, wealthier and more successful in life than graduates of University Beta. However, whereas University Beta has always boasted a highly qualified and professional academic staff, University Alpha has only recently begun offering teaching positions to leading world specialists. Clearly, the claim by University Alpha officials about the institutionâ€™s long-sustained superiority over University Beta is nothing but a display of conceit.

Which of the following best describes the roles of the highlighted portions of the text?

A: the first is the main evidence in the authorâ€™s argument while the second is the argumentâ€™s principal conclusion
B: the first is a statement challenged by the author while the second is the conclusion in the authorâ€™s own argument
C: the first is a fact weighing against the authorâ€™s statement while the second is this statement
D: the first is a background information given in advance of the argument while the second is the authorâ€™s main point
E: the first is a position the author disagrees with while the second is the authorâ€™s own position

Last edited by Praetorian on 22 Jul 2005, 08:48, edited 1 time in total.
Director
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
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22 Jul 2005, 07:42
Praet, Kindly highlight the boldface sentences.
CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
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22 Jul 2005, 08:48
oops.. sorry about that. i have highlighted the sentence.

thanks
Praetorian
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22 Jul 2005, 09:05

Because the keyword here, â€˜clearlyâ€™ is often used to introduce a conclusion. Also since the first boldface is from a recent survey, it can only be evidence to support the second boldface which is the authorâ€™s conclusion.

A: the first is the main evidence in the authorâ€™s argument while the second is the argumentâ€™s principal conclusion

B: the first is a statement challenged by the author while the second is the conclusion in the authorâ€™s own argument

Is out (though close) because the first boldface isnâ€™t questioned or challenged by the author neither is the author making his own argument. Rather the author seems to be in support of the survey results. The authorâ€™s point here is that for the survey to be valid, then university alpha must have displayed conceit by past claims.

E: the first is a position the author disagrees with while the second is the authorâ€™s own position wrong because the author doesnâ€™t seem to disagree with the fact that graduates from University Alpha
Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2005
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22 Jul 2005, 10:01
C
A - No - Recent surveys have... is not the main evidence. Alpha has only recently begun is the main evidence against the argument (the claim by University Alpha officials about the institutionâ€™s long-sustained superiority)
B - The author uses "However" to indicate he is challenging the statement. Close keep. Still not gud enuf. Not very convincing if he is challenging the statement
C - Close keep. It is fact weighing against the statement the claim by University Alpha officials about the institutionâ€™s long-sustained superiority over University Beta is nothing but a display of conceit. He claims it is a display of conceit but the survey points otherwise.
D - The first boldface is not background info
E - the first statement is not a position adopted by somebody

Between B and C, I choose C
CEO
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22 Jul 2005, 11:03

A is wrong because the first bolded portion is not used as evidence in the authorâ€™s argument.

B and E are wrong because the author agrees with rather than challenges the results of the surveys.

C is wrong because the results of the surveys do not weigh against the authorâ€™s statement. The author accepts the results but argues that the trend reflected in these results is new.

D is the correct answer. The first highlighted portion is a background information (one given to set the scope of the discussion but playing no important role in the argument) while the second is the authorâ€™s main point (the trend revealed by the surveys is new).
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Jul 2005
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10 Oct 2005, 09:06
1) argumentâ€™s principal conclusion

2) the authorâ€™s main point

Aren't these two statements identical in meaning? Can someone explain the difference?
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2004
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10 Oct 2005, 09:18
Praetorial,

So is D the OA?

Thanks.
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Fear Mediocrity, Respect Ignorance

Manager
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11 Oct 2005, 01:50
I would go for D
Manager
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11 Oct 2005, 01:52
I would go for B
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
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11 Oct 2005, 02:49
I will go with B.
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hey ya......

Director
Joined: 09 Jul 2005
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11 Oct 2005, 08:02
IMO A. Can anyone explain how to resolve this kind of CR?
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
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07 Nov 2005, 22:13
Fact: 1st BF - Alpha grads are better than Beta's

Evidence: Alpha has only starting offering postions to world specialists

Conclusion: 2nd BF - University Alpha's officials are liars

a) Out - 1st BF is not the evidence
b) Out - 1st BF is not a challenge by the author. Note the shift in scope from the first BF to the actual evidence and conclusion
c) Out - 2nd BF is not related to the 1st BF
d) Keep
e) Out - The author doesn't disagree with the 1st statement. Watch the scope shift

I pick D. The 1st BF is really just a statement or background information that doesn't support the conclusion. The scope shifts from Alpha producitng top students to the conclusion that Alpha officials are incorrect in their claim that Alpha is better than Beta. A, B, C and E all try to relate the 1st BF to the 2nd BF when there is really no logical connection.
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
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07 Nov 2005, 23:45
Another vote for B.
I don't think we can say that two BFs are not connected.

What is the OA??
Senior Manager
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08 Nov 2005, 00:00
When I say "unrelated" has to do with the shift is scope. If you read the BF1 and BF2 they are distinct. BF1 concerns students. BF2 concerns universities.
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
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08 Nov 2005, 11:50
Is there any general strategy for BF CRs...

it looks easy but I always end up choosing the wrong options....
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hey ya......

08 Nov 2005, 11:50
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