Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 Feb 2017, 09:35

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2006
Posts: 67
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 43 [1] , given: 0

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2007, 16:27
1
KUDOS
25
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:50) correct 23% (00:57) wrong based on 1671 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 26 Aug 2013, 00:54, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 904
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 110 [3] , given: 0

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2007, 20:13
3
KUDOS
mbunny wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,

go for B.

both are used to pick x over y but rather than is more preferered in gmat over instead of.

you should join school x rathar than school y: here you can go to either but x is better than y.

you should join school x instead of y: here you would be better go to x not y and do not go y.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2007
Posts: 126
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2007, 22:21
Go with B. The issue here is meaning and correct comparison rather than use of " rather than vs instead of".
Director
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 549
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2007, 23:53
Very well explained Himalayan
Intern
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 3
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [1] , given: 9

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2012, 07:30
1
KUDOS
Although it is written in Aristotle SC book that we can use both "independent from" and "independent of" and both of them are used in OG 10, I couldn't find "independent from" in Longman dictionary.
So when I was solving this question of OG10, I omit all the answers with preposition "from" for "independent" but choice C!

Which one should I obey? the Longman dictionary or the Aristotle and OG?
Can someone help me in this regard?
Thanks alot
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2030
Followers: 2126

Kudos [?]: 7367 [20] , given: 278

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2012, 09:49
20
KUDOS
Expert's post
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 916
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Followers: 23

Kudos [?]: 719 [0], given: 322

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2013, 00:30
The explanation given in OG12 for answer option (E) is contrary to what e-gmat explained.

Here it is
Why (E) is incorrect OG's explanation:
While a development may appear to parallel
a branch, a development that was independent
of . . . expresses a meaning contrary to that
expressed in the original sentence. The verb
developed is preferable to the noun
development.

The point here is of the phrase "independent of/independent from". Furthermore , as per MGMAT SC Guide VAN Rule , we prefer

Verb Over Noun

For more: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 11721.html

In this option there is a NOUN = development when the verb is available VERB = developed.

This answer choice gave a good competition to the correct answer choice because as per OG12

And x rather than y

constructions are correct

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 635
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 71

Kudos [?]: 447 [1] , given: 297

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2014, 05:20
1
KUDOS
mbunny wrote:
Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

A. rather than developing independently from
B. rather than a type that developed independently from
C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of
D. instead of developing independently from
E. instead of a development that was independent of

Can anyone explain what's the difference between "rather than" and "instead of"?? Took a long time to eliminate the answer because i could not decide which one (rather than/instead of) is better.

Thanks,

x rather than Y is the idiom here.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 635
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 71

Kudos [?]: 447 [0], given: 297

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2014, 07:23
TGC wrote:
The explanation given in OG12 for answer option (E) is contrary to what e-gmat explained.

Here it is
Why (E) is incorrect OG's explanation:
While a development may appear to parallel
a branch, a development that was independent
of . . . expresses a meaning contrary to that
expressed in the original sentence. The verb
developed is preferable to the noun
development.

The point here is of the phrase "independent of/independent from". Furthermore , as per MGMAT SC Guide VAN Rule , we prefer

Verb Over Noun

For more: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ind ... 11721.html

In this option there is a NOUN = development when the verb is available VERB = developed.

This answer choice gave a good competition to the correct answer choice because as per OG12

And x rather than y

constructions are correct

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!

True GMAT always prefers action verb than Nouns.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10636
Followers: 940

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 0

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2015, 17:32
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
VP
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1191
Location: India
Followers: 35

Kudos [?]: 624 [0], given: 74

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2015, 09:44
Can someone explain about the usage of "instead of" here in this sentence. Is it correct to use of instead of here or not.
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.

My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773

Intern
Joined: 06 Aug 2014
Posts: 18
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 8

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2015, 10:31
Mechmeera wrote:
Can someone explain about the usage of "instead of" here in this sentence. Is it correct to use of instead of here or not.

I would say the difference bw Rather than and Instead of does not matter here in this question ..
There is comparison in the question and that comparison should be correct
Only in option b comparison is correct
Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from

If option B was : Rather than a development that was independent of
and option E was Instead of a type that developed independently from

I have would have gone with option E
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1423
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 120 [0], given: 825

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Sep 2015, 03:53
we need something which paralel to "branch=mamal"

only "type" in B and C meet

but "type, animal" in B develpe from a ancestors
is logic

animal develope from animal
is logic

while

development is independent from an animal
not logic, C is out
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.

Intern
Joined: 13 May 2016
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 7

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jun 2016, 23:27
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

If answer choice C) was as below
rather than a type whose development was independent of - Will it be correct?
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2752
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 1772 [2] , given: 22

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jun 2016, 04:21
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
SWGMAT wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

Meaning Analysis:

The sentence is talking about the Australian egg-laying mammals of today. They are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution. They did not develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals.

Error Analysis:

The sentence is presenting a comparison. It says that Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.

X = a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution (a noun phrase)
Y = developing independently from a common ancestor of mammals (a noun phrase that actually starts from an action word – a gerund)

Hence, the entities compared are not parallel. Y also needs to be a noun phrase that starts with a “proper” noun entity.

PoE:

A. rather than developing independently from: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. rather than a type that developed independently from: Correct. “a type…” is parallel to “a branch…”

C. rather than a type whose developments was independent of: Incorrect. Plural subject “developments” does not agree in number with singular “was”.

D. instead of developing independently from: Incorrect. Same parallelism error as in choice A.

E. instead of a development that was independent of: Incorrect. Again, the entities compared are logically not parallel.

So you see, the knowledge of correct usage or “rather than” and “instead of” is not imperative to solve this problem.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

If answer choice C) was as below
rather than a type whose development was independent of - Will it be correct?

No, the meaning would still be an issue.

1. " X developed independently from Y " conveys the meaning that Y is the ancestor of X.
2. " Development of X was independent of Y" conveys the meaning that Y had no role in the development of X.
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1423
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 120 [0], given: 825

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jun 2016, 02:07
sc tests meaning/logic apart from grammar rules. we focus on meaning and find out that

an animal develop independently from another animal
is logic

an animal/s development is independent from another animal

is not logic .

we use our common sense of this world to see this illogicness.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.

Manager
Joined: 24 May 2016
Posts: 173
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 83 [0], given: 33

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Aug 2016, 08:24
Here is my go.

I discarded options A and D because the comparison of a "branch" (noun) is not parallel to "developing" (verb).

I also discarded options C and E because a "development" cannot logically "be independent of a common ancestor of mammals". Instead, it is a "type" that can logically "develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals".

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2752
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 1772 [1] , given: 22

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2016, 06:07
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
EBITDA wrote:
Here is my go.

I discarded options A and D because the comparison of a "branch" (noun) is not parallel to "developing" (verb).

I also discarded options C and E because a "development" cannot logically "be independent of a common ancestor of mammals". Instead, it is a "type" that can logically "develop independently from a common ancestor of mammals".

Responding to a PM:

A. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X rather than Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)..... not parallel.
C. Wrong. The meaning conveyed is erroneous: " Development of X was independent of Y" conveys the meaning that Y had no role in the development of X. (The correct usage is: " X developed independently from Y " - this conveys the meaning that Y is the ancestor of X.)
D. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = developing (present participle)...... not parallel.
E. Wrong : The construction here is - the Australian egg-laying mammals are X instead of Y.
Here X = a branch (noun), Y = development..... "development" is not supposed to be compared with "branch" - Australian egg-laying mammals are not supposed to be "developments", but "a type" that developed.
Intern
Joined: 11 Apr 2016
Posts: 39
Location: India
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 3

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Aug 2016, 05:42
My Approach is as follows :

1. Read the option A, developing is the wrong verb tense since its happened in the past and needs a simple past verb

So focus on the split for simple past for developed and eliminate D as well.

Now with B, C and E the last split : from/of we need the split from and hence eliminate C and E

Only option left is B, read it once with the overall sentence and sounds good.

Total time taken to solve : 95 seconds
Manager
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 190
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 17

Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Nov 2016, 16:53
This one was tricky. The difficulty I had from the get go was choosing instead. I thought instead was the way to go. Then I read that the GMAT prefers rather for contrast and comparisons.

Split1) Parallelism. "x rather than y" or "x instead of y". Both are correct words for contrast. The other thing to add here is that what follows x and what follows y must be in parallel. "are a branch of the main… rather than a type…" in B does it. A, C, D, and E are out.

Split2) Verb vs Noun. Whenever you see both types of words, the GMAT will always prefer verb action. In this case: "Developing" = verb form is better then "Development" = noun form. C and E are questionable, potentially out.
Re: Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the   [#permalink] 08 Nov 2016, 16:53
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
6 Recent psychological literature strongly suggests that 13 31 Jul 2011, 13:05
Scientists have recently discovered 0 07 May 2012, 16:55
7 Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the 14 14 May 2010, 01:16
56 from OG-Verbal Recently discovered fossil remains 5 20 Jun 2007, 15:24
Fossils found recently in Pakistan provide evidence 7 20 Mar 2007, 16:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.