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# Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective

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Intern
Joined: 10 Dec 2007
Posts: 47
Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 Jan 2019, 07:55
1
1
1
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:10) correct 38% (01:43) wrong based on 197 sessions

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Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective at persuading industrial corporations to change.For example, as a result of the efforts of animal groups, many pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies have reduced their use of laboratory animanls, substituting in their place alternative methods of product testing.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the connection between pressure group activity and corporate chage claimed above?

(A) Many comp in the pharmaceutical industry have increased their public relations spending in order to counter the activity of animal rights groups.

(B) Before the new methods of testing products are used, they have to be caliberated by comparison tests involving experiments on laboratory animals.

(C) When companies stop using laboratory animals, they generally go to some expense to publicize this change of policy.

(D) The pharmaceutical manufacturrers who still use laboratory animals are mostly the smaller firms that have been less subject to pressure group activity.

(E) The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do.

Originally posted by vermatanya on 23 Jan 2008, 21:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Jan 2019, 07:55, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2008, 21:44
(E)The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do.

Should be "E"
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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2008, 06:38
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1
E

Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective at persuading industrial corporations to change.For example, as a result of the efforts of animal groups, many pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies have reduced their use of laboratory animanls, substituting in their place alternative methods of product testing.

the first assumption: there was no other reason to reduce use of laboratory animanls by pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the connection between pressure group activity and corporate chage claimed above?

(A)Many comp in the pharmaceutical industry have increased their public relations spending in order to counter the activity of animal rights groups. - irrelevant.
(B)Bfore the new methods of testing products are used, they have to be caliberated by comparison tests involving experiments on laboratory animals. - irrelevant.
(C)wHEN COMP STOP USING LABORATORY ANIMALS, THEY GENERALLY GO TO SOME EXPENSE TO PUBLICIZE THIS CHANGE of policy. irrelevant. strengthen. Despite of expenses companies have reduced their use of laboratory animals.
(D)The pharmaceutical manufacturrers who still use laboratory animals are mostly the smaller firms that have been less subject to pressure group activity. - irrelevant. slightly strengthen
(E)The methods of product testing that do not involve laboratory animals are faster and cheaper that the methods that do. - ok. it is the first assumption.
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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 12:31
I'm going with (B) here. First, the breakdown:

PREMISE: Pol groups caused some corps to switch from animal test to new test
CONCLUSION: Pol groups are more effective in making corps change (care about animals)
ASSUMPTION: Switching tests demonstrates that the corporations actually care.

(B) weakens the assumption by showing conclusively that the corporations don't care about animals, and therefore haven't changed at all.

(E), on the other hand, does not destroy the assumption - it's possible that corporations can care about both animals AND money (let's not be too cynical here). Furthermore, if the new tests are cheaper, why didn't the corporations switch earlier? Probably because the political pressure was the catalyst, which would actually strengthen our conclusion!
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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2019, 01:58
I feel C is a strong contender here....They stopped testing not because of the pressure but because they wanted publicity....

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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2019, 20:56
The answer here should be option B.

Can you anyone what rationale was used to select answer as option E.
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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective  [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2019, 21:15
1

The question makes an assumption that the only reason pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries are using other alternative instead of laboratory animal is due to pressure.

E. This mentions that there are other reasons as well for a company to use other methods other than laboratory animals. Hence it defeats the assumption made.

Cheers!

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Re: Recently political pressure groups have become far more effective &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 21:15
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