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# Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed

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Intern
Joined: 16 Oct 2015
Posts: 19
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2017, 07:30
1
KUDOS
vmdce129907 wrote:
+1 A
Although I got this question wrong - After analysis, I am convinced that 'A' is the correct answer. Basically, we need to be sure what this question is asking us to look at in the answer options - It needs us to find the weaknesses in the argument , What i understood by the weakness is - that argument might be assuming something wrongly because of which it falls apart. For instance - in this argument, Officials have mentioned that the Critics are disloyal and thus wrong about public vulnerability. This point is weak - look at answer option no b, "Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong". Weakness of an argument is an underlying assumption that the argument makes. Here officials assume that the critics were disloyal without providing any proof of their disloyality - were there findings about public vulnerability wrong ? May be yes may be no - but officials dont know that for sure.

Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:
A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease. Correct - The high quality of hospitals is not the focus , rather the focus is the Europeans (narrow sample though) undergoing treatment in US hospitals.
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. - Weakness , explained above in detail
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. - Clear weakness
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. - Official support his claim that critics are disloyal and wrong about vulnerability by citing generally long life span of people in US. Wait a minute, we are concerned about public vulnerability to the infectious disease. Weakness in the argument is that it wrongly compares general life span with life span of people with infectious disease.
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way. - Clear Weakness

Press +1 Kudos if you like my explanation

Precisely as per your explanation is that I interpreted it differently. The question or the challenge presented is the following: "all of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:", "A" precisely points out a flaw in the reasoning, so it weakens the argument. How come that could be a winner then if we are looking for the one that do not weaken the official's argument. That is what I would go with D.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Jan 2017
Posts: 359
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 00:56
Hello! One of the most amazing questions I haev done lately - so many facts and really tests your attention to question STEM. So this is the logic I have applied. Basically the question asked me to find the ONLY STRENGTH in the critics argument -and logically what he said was very weak. Would be glad to know other people's comments on the below strategy:

Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

A) The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease = (it is not a FACTOR it is a STRENGTH - he said the hospitals are very good and are referred by those he knew (latter is a weakness though)
B) Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong. (weakness - we know this because he said "A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability" - this is a weakness in his reasoning
C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty. (again a weakness in his argument)
D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes. (general fact, possible weakness too- but is out of scope)
E) Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.(What the argument started out with - saying that USA is behind nations in one aspect)
Manager
Joined: 18 Jan 2017
Posts: 130
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 06:11
Don't fret on this question. This question is not worded properly and has even been discussed in Manhattan blog.

I will put the link for anyone who is curious, just in case.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t1089.html
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Posts: 879
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 07:17
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1922
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 16:44
if test takers read carefully, they know that A is out of scope b/c A has never been mentioned in the passage.
There is a word "quality of hospital", but those words do not have real meaning if you get what i mean.
Manager
Joined: 12 Sep 2016
Posts: 72
Location: India
Schools: Kellogg '20
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.33
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 06:55
1
KUDOS
Hey guys,
There is no need to over analyze this question!
This question is flawed as stated by Manhattan Gmat Prep advisors :

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t1089.html
Intern
Joined: 23 Oct 2017
Posts: 1
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2017, 00:14
How does A not refute the argument?
Intern
Joined: 05 Jun 2017
Posts: 7
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 04:24
Dear Sir/Ma'am here we have to find out the statement which does not give the weakness of offical's argument
Why the answer is not "E"
Intern
Joined: 30 Aug 2017
Posts: 22
Concentration: Real Estate, Operations
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2017, 02:12
x97agarwal wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.
Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

this question is flawed according to MGMAT and so the answer A has many problems. see here:https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/recently-some-critics-of-the-u-s-government-have-pointed-t1089.html
Re: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2017, 02:12

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