Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed

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Senior Manager
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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2007, 18:14
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Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.

Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.
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04 Jun 2007, 11:36
D looks the least weak here
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04 Jun 2007, 12:38
D because it actually strengthens the officials claim by indicating that US citizens can die because of other causes besides infectious diseases
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04 Jun 2007, 13:20
Can we directly consider on "The average life span of United States citizens"? Because passage never implies that.

I guess it should be E, which directly negates the chance of comparison. Hence strengthen the officials' in other way.
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04 Jun 2007, 14:35
C The representativeness of the wealthy male Europeans is irrelevant
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04 Jun 2007, 16:27
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
Can we directly consider on "The average life span of United States citizens"? Because passage never implies that.

I guess it should be E, which directly negates the chance of comparison. Hence strengthen the officials' in other way.

Agree E
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04 Jun 2007, 17:47
D here.

I was between C and D too...

But D does indeed strengthen the argument by saying that there are multiple causes of death, yet the death rate is still low, according to the official.

C should remind you of the classic statistics CR question...the official only cites "a few people he knows," so this is definitely not representative of the European community. The fact that they are all old wealthy people means taht they have the money and ability to go to the US for treatment, whereas most people don't have that luxury.
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28 Jul 2007, 07:09
I'd go with C because it's irrelevant to the argument. The fact that a few wealthy Europeans get treated in the US has no bearing on the incapability of US in having an infectious disease program.

Do we have the OA at all?
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28 Jul 2007, 07:55
D for me.

if the average life span is still higher after factoring car accidents, teen violence, etc. that makes the case stronger.
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28 Jul 2007, 10:32
another D from me.. it strengthens the argument. I feel is a stronger answer than C even though it is irrelevant
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30 Jul 2007, 01:48
This one was tough..... D.
Any good explanations? I'm still iffy... I got it down to D/E
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Re: CR: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2007, 03:17
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

The highlighted bit is an officials argument. The argument is quite weak and our task is to show (exclude) its weaknesses and loopholes.
As the debate is between C and D, let's see them:

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

(C) The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.
it is a neutral statement
(D) The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.
This is showing the argument's weakness and cannot be a correct answer. The official is supporting his argument by stating "the generally long life span". How can it be relevant, if the official is opposing to the idea of "vulnerability of the nation to infectious diseases"? Only if "long life span" is due to "infectious diseases". D says that that is not the case.

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19 Aug 2007, 06:05
I think it is A. Others are clearly factors that weakens the argument. This one doesn't really.. may be there is some other reason that makes US citizens vulnerable but not the poor hospitals.
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19 Aug 2007, 09:48
I think its D...C weakens the argument by saying the Europeans that visited were not a representative sample of people.
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Re: CR: Recently, some critics of the U.S. government [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2007, 09:57
mm007 wrote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious disease.

Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.

The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy males over the age of fifty.

The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also by deaths due to all other causes.

Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

I think C.

The question asks for weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official's argument.

A. Yes, quality of hospitals is not a factor to public vulnerability to infectious diseases.
B. Yes, critics' loyalty is irrelevant.
C. My logic here is that if the wealthy europeans want to use American hospitals then wouldn't other less-wealthy europeans want to too? They sure would even if they are not wealthy so this is not a weakness.
D. Yes, this choice points out that average life span cited is not only for infectious diseases. So citing the average life span is weakness.
E. Yes, this choice points out the weakness in the argument that all U.N. nations are not representative of advanced industrialized nations.
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19 Aug 2007, 10:28
confused here...all others weaken except A...but then A probably looks unrelated
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20 Aug 2007, 01:28
What's OA?
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21 Aug 2007, 07:30
If I remember correctly, OA is D (I did this question sometime back). However there was no explanation there
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26 Aug 2007, 16:32
oh boy what a CR

Took me 3-4 min to get down on this.

I will go with D. what is OA
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26 Aug 2007, 16:32
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