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# Recently, the research and development departments at major

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Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2011
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 10:14
why not C any idea?

i mean the conclusion is that "children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements"

so the assumption drawn can be that the natural foods which provide iron is not sufficient to reverse the condition.

If we use methods such as negation,

a diet rich in iron CAN improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary

that hurts the conclusion as well.

can somebody pls help.
Manager
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 10:18
So B can't be the answer if the assumption has already by stated?
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 21:52
+1 for D.

This question seems to be a variant of another similar question (which had adult persons instead of children). I do not like D for one reason : Even if children do not hear about the treatment, their parents might and eventually it is the parents that make the decision on the treatment.

Crick
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 00:07
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viks4gmat wrote:
why not C any idea?

If we use methods such as negation,

a diet rich in iron CAN improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary

that hurts the conclusion as well.

can somebody pls help.

Hey viks, I also use the negation technique when down to two very close choices. But one has to use this technique correctly in order to reap its benefits.

C: a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary

Negation of C is: a diet rich in iron can sometimes improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary

Now you can see that negation of C doesn't hurt the conclusion in a decisive manner, as in some (or many) cases, biochemical supplements are still required.

I have read about negation technique in Powerscore - Critical reasoning bible, where it is beautifully explained. It states that negation is logical opposite and not polar opposite.

eg: Negation of wet is not wet, and not dry,
similarly negation of none is some , and not all

if you want a concise list of negation words, you can find them in Manhattan Gmat-CR book.
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Mayank
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Manager
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 00:30
arghhh nice catch Mayank!! negating is not something i usually do since im not very comfortable with it... but in such situations where i see multiple likely answers, i have no choice...

Thanks i'll have to go thru the negation part again!!
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Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 02:53
Very well explained mayansd! I was also carried away by the unstated premise thing!
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2012, 01:02
a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children

B can be eliminated on the basis that it talks about incidence of anemia which is incorrect.
Manager
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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02 May 2012, 03:15
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Major factor for anemia --> Iron Deficiency
Pharamaceutical companies are coming up with an injection which boosts iron content in the patient, thus curing anemia/closing the iron deficiency gap.

Option A - Primary responsibility of companies has nothing to do with arguement mentioned
Option B - Already mentioned in the Premise
Option C - There might be other ways of filling the gap of iron content other than injections but it is irrelevant in this context.
Option E - Safety of the injections has no relevance to the arguement

Option D - Companies can see more of these injections only if the children are ready to go for it. Once the children with such ailments know about these injections, they will do whatever they can to reverse their condition. This is the most logical assumption of the Pharmaceutical companies.

I hope this helps...
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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22 May 2012, 11:56
Initially I marked it wrong with option B.

Thanks Karishma for the explanation to this question.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2013, 05:56
I was stuck between B and D. Then I used the "negating method". When you "negate B", It doesn't destroy the conclusion. But when you "negate D", it does so.
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Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2013, 08:38
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Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect, the pharmaceutical companies assume that

A) major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia
B) a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children
C) a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary
D) children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions
E) the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2013, 09:02
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Hi This is pretty old CR. But a good 1.

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2013, 09:07
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Thanks for the link to the discussion. Explained properly!

Moderators please delete this thread as I posted a question which was discussed earlier in the forum.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2014, 01:19
hemanthp wrote:
Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect, the pharmaceutical companies assume that

(a)major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia
(b)a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children
(c)a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary
(d)children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions
(e)the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children

Got it, but in 3:22..

My process:

(a)major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia - Out of scope - WRONG
(b)a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children - Hard one, but perhaps the tretment is about only one small factor that could not be curred or a factor that was not subject to any research - WRONG
(c)a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary - Out of scope - WRONG
(d)children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions CORRECT
(e)the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children - Out of scope - WRONG

Hope it helps!
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2014, 01:22
cyriuslevirus wrote:
I was stuck between B and D. Then I used the "negating method". When you "negate B", It doesn't destroy the conclusion. But when you "negate D", it does so.

I think negate the answers is not good here.

Look at B. Who said it was an important factor? It could just be one of the factors that was not subject to any reasearch before...

D is strange (and if you negate finally you find that it is the right answer).
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2014, 15:10
2
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aakrity wrote:
Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect, the pharmaceutical companies assume that

A) major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia
B) a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children
C) a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary
D) children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions
E) the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children

Its a tough choice between B and D, let's try negating each

B) Low iron level is NOT the major factor influencing incidence of anemia. Well it may NOT be the major factor but still a critical one so this may work

D) children will not find about and submit to injections. Now do children really have to find about it? Won't parent actually do this and submit them to the injections?

That's why I wasn't too sure about D, it doesn't sound too realistic to me. I would have gone with B honestly, but would be cool if someone could shed some light between each of these answer choices

Cheers
J
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2014, 06:52
Question: Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect, the pharmaceutical companies assume that

(a)major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia
(b)a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children
(c)a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary
(d)children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions
(e)the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children.

Solution: The important words in the conclusion are "relatively simply". We have to select the assumption that says that injecting these supplements will be "easy enough"or "simple enough".

A. Irrelevant
B. The passage already states that a boost in iron is required to reverse anemia. So, iron deficiency causing anemia is a fact.
C. The assumption should not about whether a good diet is sufficient. It should speak about the "simplicity" of injecting supplements.
D. This assumption is correct. If children subject themselves to such injections, then it will be relatively simple to cure their iron deficiency or anemia.
E. The passage never talks about safety.
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Re: Anemia - Kaplan CR [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2014, 05:53
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
I definitely agree with you Ian.
My concern is that option B says:
"a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children"

They call it the major factor, something that is necessary, not the only factor. (Again a matter of interpretation, I guess)

Therefore, I feel the need to discount it and look for an alternative. This leads me to interpret it the way they meant it.

As I said in my first post of this topic - I would have preferred an assumption such as 'Iron is the only thing you need to be cured'

But of course, no point spending too much time on it.

'Desired effect': Is it not about the injection's ability to cure Anemia in children? That is probably what the company is keen about!
If we were to consider 'Desired effect' as children actually turning up for medicine shots, this would become an article on their marketing and advertising strategies. Option D is ludicrous in the way it children to identify their sickness and turn up voluntarily after learning about the medicine. A doctor comes in handy here (if he is convinced about the medicine's efficacy)! Don't you think?
I don't think we need to wait until Iron becomes the only contributor to curing the disease. Major contributor serves well enough.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2014, 19:28
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I chose B

But how can D be correct? Isnt it a fact stated in the premise that children have already discovered that they have anemia?
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 08:51
It would be nice if someone, perhaps a pro to explain why 'd' is the correct answer....
Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2014, 08:51

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