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# Recently, the research and development departments at major

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 01:07
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 01:50
mikemcgarry and VeritasPrepKarishma can you explain what is wrong with choice B?

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 05:45
Hi experts,

Kindly request your thought in option D.
IMHO,the intended effect is that the vaccine could remedy the anemic children.
I think that the awareness of children has nothing to do with the effect of such vaccine.Even if children can't diagnose themselves of such disease,the effective of this vaccine doesn't shatter.

Moreover,many people eliminate choice b with the reason that it has already mentioned in the argument.But I don't think so.The argument just plainly says that the injection provides the boost of iron.I think there is an assumption that low level of iron has something to do with anemia,if not why produce this vaccine.

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Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 10:45
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rishit1080 wrote:
mikemcgarry and VeritasPrepKarishma can you explain what is wrong with choice B?

Dear rishit1080,

I'm happy to respond.

I would suggest looking at what the genius Karishma said in post of May 6, 2014, above on this thread. (B) is 100% true, and in fact, it already was mentioned in the prompt. If something is mentioned explicitly in the prompt, it can't be an assumption. Also, see my comments to sleepynut below.

Does this make sense?
Mike
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,

Kindly request your thought in option D.
IMHO,the intended effect is that the vaccine could remedy the anemic children.
I think that the awareness of children has nothing to do with the effect of such vaccine.Even if children can't diagnose themselves of such disease,the effective of this vaccine doesn't shatter.

Moreover,many people eliminate choice b with the reason that it has already mentioned in the argument.But I don't think so.The argument just plainly says that the injection provides the boost of iron.I think there is an assumption that low level of iron has something to do with anemia,if not why produce this vaccine.

Dear sleepynut,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I think you are being a bit too literalist in your reading of (D). (D) is NOT implying that the young child do all the medical research themselves! Let's step back and think. Think about, say, a child of 4 years old. How did this child learn about over 95% of what he knows? Of course, from his parents. The child finds out about everything from his parents. Thus, the child would find out about the injection from his parents. Of course, the parents may well not be a position to perform a full diagnosis. Chances are, the parents just know something is wrong with the child's health, so the parents naturally take the child to the doctor or someone who can provide medical care, and then, both the parents & child might find out about the supplement from this medical professional.
Notice that there are no wild assumptions here--of course young children learn from their parents, and of course parents take their sick child to a a doctor.
All (D) is saying is that there must be some way that the information reaches the parents & child---if the information about the injections doesn't reach them, or if they are resistant to it, then the medicine won't help the child.
Admittedly, the wording is a little bizarre and awkward, to phrase this simply in terms of the children, and not both the children & parents. It's unusual phrasing, not how I would write the question, but not wrong.

Now, as for (B), the prompt talks about "the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition." The direct implication of this is that the children with anemia need iron, and if they get iron, it cures the anemia. In other words, iron or lack of iron is the big difference-maker for anemia. This is almost identical to what (B) is saying. Choice (B) would be an excellent answer for an inference statement: an extremely close restatement of what is explicitly stated. A good inference is NOT a good assumption. The inference is a rephrasing of essentially what is already there explicitly in the prompt. An inference is something already there, but an assumption is not already present in what is printed. An assumption is a missing piece, something not stated that provides an "aha!"--the magic invisible glue that holds the argument together.

The different tasks on GMAT CR are, in fact, quite different. The inference task is very different from the assumption task. Part of GMAT CR success is appreciating what is unique in each task and how the tasks differ from each other.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 20:37
mikemcgarry wrote:
rishit1080 wrote:
mikemcgarry and VeritasPrepKarishma can you explain what is wrong with choice B?

Dear rishit1080,

I'm happy to respond.

I would suggest looking at what the genius Karishma said in post of May 6, 2014, above on this thread. (B) is 100% true, and in fact, it already was mentioned in the prompt. If something is mentioned explicitly in the prompt, it can't be an assumption. Also, see my comments to sleepynut below.

Does this make sense?
Mike
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,

Kindly request your thought in option D.
IMHO,the intended effect is that the vaccine could remedy the anemic children.
I think that the awareness of children has nothing to do with the effect of such vaccine.Even if children can't diagnose themselves of such disease,the effective of this vaccine doesn't shatter.

Moreover,many people eliminate choice b with the reason that it has already mentioned in the argument.But I don't think so.The argument just plainly says that the injection provides the boost of iron.I think there is an assumption that low level of iron has something to do with anemia,if not why produce this vaccine.

Dear sleepynut,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I think you are being a bit too literalist in your reading of (D). (D) is NOT implying that the young child do all the medical research themselves! Let's step back and think. Think about, say, a child of 4 years old. How did this child learn about over 95% of what he knows? Of course, from his parents. The child finds out about everything from his parents. Thus, the child would find out about the injection from his parents. Of course, the parents may well not be a position to perform a full diagnosis. Chances are, the parents just know something is wrong with the child's health, so the parents naturally take the child to the doctor or someone who can provide medical care, and then, both the parents & child might find out about the supplement from this medical professional.
Notice that there are no wild assumptions here--of course young children learn from their parents, and of course parents take their sick child to a a doctor.
All (D) is saying is that there must be some way that the information reaches the parents & child---if the information about the injections doesn't reach them, or if they are resistant to it, then the medicine won't help the child.
Admittedly, the wording is a little bizarre and awkward, to phrase this simply in terms of the children, and not both the children & parents. It's unusual phrasing, not how I would write the question, but not wrong.

Now, as for (B), the prompt talks about "the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition." The direct implication of this is that the children with anemia need iron, and if they get iron, it cures the anemia. In other words, iron or lack of iron is the big difference-maker for anemia. This is almost identical to what (B) is saying. Choice (B) would be an excellent answer for an inference statement: an extremely close restatement of what is explicitly stated. A good inference is NOT a good assumption. The inference is a rephrasing of essentially what is already there explicitly in the prompt. An inference is something already there, but an assumption is not already present in what is printed. An assumption is a missing piece, something not stated that provides an "aha!"--the magic invisible glue that holds the argument together.

The different tasks on GMAT CR are, in fact, quite different. The inference task is very different from the assumption task. Part of GMAT CR success is appreciating what is unique in each task and how the tasks differ from each other.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

I think answer should be B. How can you assume that all anemia can b corrected by giving iron injection. Anemia can be occured because of so many reason. So firstly you have to assume that the major cause of anemia is iron deficiency. Right???

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2017, 08:06
reena.phogat wrote:
I think answer should be B. How can you assume that all anemia can b corrected by giving iron injection. Anemia can be occured because of so many reason. So firstly you have to assume that the major cause of anemia is iron deficiency. Right???

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Why can (B) not be the answer?

(B) a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children

Here is a part of the argument - "new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition"
So we are given that these new injections provide the iron boost that is needed to reverse anaemia. Then we go on to conclude that anaemia will be cured through the use of these supplements.

What are the assumptions in saying that anaemia will be cured? There are many:
1. that people will find out about these supplements and use them.
2. that these supplements are all that are needed to reverse the condition. We know they are needed but are they the only thing needed, we don't know.
etc

Do we need to assume that low iron level is a major influencing factor? No. That is not an assumption. We are already given that boost in iron is needed. So it must be a major influencing factor. Anyway, even if it is not a "major" influencing factor, we are given that the iron boost is needed, so it is a factor for sure.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2017, 12:57
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2017, 09:28
bschool83 wrote:
Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect, the pharmaceutical companies assume that

A. major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia
B. a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children
C. a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary
D. children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions
E. the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children

Shortlisted B and D.

I didn't select choice B because argument never stated that low level of iron is the cause of the condition, but only stated that it is needed to reverse the condition.

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Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 05:37
A,E are out of scope.
B and C sound like strengtheners.
D is the winner because of "submit to injection"

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 06:29
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 06:30
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2017, 21:43
I don't agree with D.

These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements. :- The company only claim that if biochemical supplements are used, children will be cured.

Now children use it or not is not the problem here.

(d)children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions:- Even if children don't find out, and there parents will. who find out - doesn't matter.
Anything that proves :
These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will not be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements

provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. :- what is the assumption here (which is not given in the argument) that somehow "iron" play a role in anaemia. what if low level of iron is not the factor. in that case, whatever boost the drug does, won't matter.

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2017, 09:02
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
hemanthp wrote:
Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect (desired effect is that children will be cured), the pharmaceutical companies assume that

(A) major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia (Irrelevant)
(B) a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children (Look at the highlighted part above. This is something already mentioned in the stimulus. It has to be taken as true. It is not an assumption)
(C) a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary (The point here is not whether diet can cure anemia or not. The point is can the children be cured by the use of the injection. Even if diet can cure the children and injections become unnecessary, still we want to establish whether the injection can also cure the children)
(D) children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions (Children will be cured if they come to get the injection and the injection is effective. Here the assumption is that the children will come to get the injection. They will not be cured by this method, if they don't come to get the injection)
(E) the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children (Irrelevant to the question - very important otherwise

I would have preferred an assumption such as 'Iron is the only thing you need to be cured' but well, you live with what you get!

The stimulus also clearly mentions "biochemical supplements." will be used.

How is option D an assumption,when it is already mentioned ?

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 04:48
rishabhdxt wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
hemanthp wrote:
Recently, the research and development departments at major pharmaceutical companies have been experimenting with new injections that provide the boost in iron that anemic children need to reverse their condition. These companies have expressed confidence that children who are suffering from anemia will be cured relatively simply through the use of such biochemical supplements.

In concluding that the biochemical remedy being developed will have its desired effect (desired effect is that children will be cured), the pharmaceutical companies assume that

(A) major pharmaceutical companies have the primary responsibility to cure childhood anemia (Irrelevant)
(B) a low iron level in the body is the major factor influencing the incidence of anemia in children (Look at the highlighted part above. This is something already mentioned in the stimulus. It has to be taken as true. It is not an assumption)
(C) a diet rich in iron cannot improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary (The point here is not whether diet can cure anemia or not. The point is can the children be cured by the use of the injection. Even if diet can cure the children and injections become unnecessary, still we want to establish whether the injection can also cure the children)
(D) children afflicted with anemia will find out about and submit to injections that can reverse their conditions (Children will be cured if they come to get the injection and the injection is effective. Here the assumption is that the children will come to get the injection. They will not be cured by this method, if they don't come to get the injection)
(E) the use of biochemical supplements is the safest way to cure anemia in children (Irrelevant to the question - very important otherwise

I would have preferred an assumption such as 'Iron is the only thing you need to be cured' but well, you live with what you get!

The stimulus also clearly mentions "biochemical supplements." will be used.

How is option D an assumption,when it is already mentioned ?

(D) is not mentioned in the passage.
It gives that a new injection which provides iron is being developed.
And it tells us that pharmaceutical companies are claiming that children will be cured through their use.

What is not known is the readiness of the children to take these shots. The pharma company is assuming that children will find out about and take these shots - actions that are necessary for them to get cured.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 08:14
I am trying to negate option C.

" a diet rich in iron can improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary". This statement attacks the conclusion and points out that C is correct.

Ofcourse I would eat food rather than get injections (-_-)

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 08:18
I am trying to negate option C.
"a diet rich in iron can improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary."

I feel C is correct. (and i would eat food rather than get injections)

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 22:20
Rishovnits wrote:
I am trying to negate option C.

" a diet rich in iron can improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary". This statement attacks the conclusion and points out that C is correct.

Ofcourse I would eat food rather than get injections (-_-)

Not true. The argument does not deal with what else can improve the condition. Neither does it deal with which solution is better. It only talks about biochemical supplements as a solution.
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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 19:02
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Rishovnits wrote:
I am trying to negate option C.

" a diet rich in iron can improve the conditions of children suffering from anemia to the point that biochemical supplements would become unnecessary". This statement attacks the conclusion and points out that C is correct.

Ofcourse I would eat food rather than get injections (-_-)

Not true. The argument does not deal with what else can improve the condition. Neither does it deal with which solution is better. It only talks about biochemical supplements as a solution.

Since argument used the word "relatively", I thought it as a comparison. Anyways thanks.

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Re: Recently, the research and development departments at major   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2017, 19:02

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