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# Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the

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Manager
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Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2011, 10:24
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Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the passage of serotonin molecules from the presynaptic cell to receptors on the postsynaptic cell has been identified as a successful treatment for clinical depression for many individuals. A new series of drugs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, prevent the presynaptic cell from re-uptaking serotonin, thereby allowing normal amounts of serotonin to reach the receptors on the postsynaptic cell.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the above statements?

If too much serotonin is released to the receptors, a person will feel extremely euphoric.
Taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is currently the only successful treatment for clinical depression.
Individuals who have normal levels of serotonin uptake do not run the risk of suffering from depression.
By not taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, individuals with depression run the risk of depleting their serotonin levels.
Taking Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors reduces the incidence of depression in some people.

Any suggestions on how to approach such questions. I was not able to make much out of this, so just made a informed guess (chose E ) and moved on.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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24 Jul 2011, 18:57
I think its D. The argument is unnecessarily designed as difficult to comprehend. I just read the last line which saya the new drug gives normal supply. So from that I inferred that the old one was either giving more or less, well, not normal! So D looks best to me!
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24 Jul 2011, 19:03
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I also picked E.

Since it is an inference question, the stated inference must be true without the need of an assumption. Looking at the choices, choices B and C look exaggerated, A looks out of scope as it talks about Euphoria. D talks about the scenario when Inhibitors are not taken.

So you are left with E. It is a mild statement (usage of word some) and hence correct choice.

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24 Jul 2011, 19:03
Chetangupta wrote:
Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the passage of serotonin molecules from the presynaptic cell to receptors on the postsynaptic cell has been identified as a successful treatment for clinical depression for many individuals. A new series of drugs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, prevent the presynaptic cell from re-uptaking serotonin, thereby allowing normal amounts of serotonin to reach the receptors on the postsynaptic cell.

Slowing down the process of serotonin reduction can treat depression. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors slows down the process and helps treat depression.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the above statements?

If too much serotonin is released to the receptors, a person will feel extremely euphoric.
>No relation between serotonin and being euphoric is mentioned. We just don't know this info from the passage.

Taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is currently the only successful treatment for clinical depression.
>This is one of the successful treatments. Not the ONLY treatment.

Individuals who have normal levels of serotonin uptake do not run the risk of suffering from depression.
>Serotonin is curative, not preventive.

By not taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, individuals with depression run the risk of depleting their serotonin levels.
>Well well well!!! Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is just one way to help regulate the serotonin deficit, it is not the ONLY inhibitor with such functionality.

Taking Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors reduces the incidence of depression in some people.
>For sure. Some people(safe word). Inhibitors-Curative. Proven good to treat depression.

Any suggestions on how to approach such questions. I was not able to make much out of this, so just made a informed guess (chose E ) and moved on.

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25 Jul 2011, 12:10
I also picked E.
option A is out of scope.
option B used there was only drug. we dont know this is only one drug.
we cannot infer option c from the argument
option D too extreme.
argument used for "many people" reducing serotin deficit is a successful treatment. option E used "some people" who take the drug is effective in reducing the clinical depression. so we can infer option E from the argument.

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26 Jul 2011, 04:06
+1 E

Easy one, except for the tricky vocabulary.
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07 Aug 2011, 03:12
+1 for E
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19 Oct 2011, 23:07
1+ for E
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22 Oct 2011, 01:32
+1 for E.

Classical example of GMAT drawing correlation between "Some" and "Many"
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22 Oct 2011, 06:58
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Chetangupta wrote:
Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the passage of serotonin molecules from the presynaptic cell to receptors on the postsynaptic cell has been identified as a successful treatment for clinical depression for many individuals. A new series of drugs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, prevent the presynaptic cell from re-uptaking serotonin, thereby allowing normal amounts of serotonin to reach the receptors on the postsynaptic cell.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the above statements?

If too much serotonin is released to the receptors, a person will feel extremely euphoric.
Taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is currently the only successful treatment for clinical depression.
Individuals who have normal levels of serotonin uptake do not run the risk of suffering from depression.
By not taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, individuals with depression run the risk of depleting their serotonin levels.
Taking Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors reduces the incidence of depression in some people.

Any suggestions on how to approach such questions. I was not able to make much out of this, so just made a informed guess (chose E ) and moved on.

Wow wow wow!!! Such a time consuming one. It took me 2 mins to understand why depression is caused and how the new drug treats depression.

Let's do this inference question by POE -
(A) It is not mentioned in argument. Out of scope.
(B) There may other treatments available. Incorrect.
(C) Close one, but a bit extreme.
(D) Same as (C), a bit extreme.
(E) Not-extreme and yes, few people will be relieved on depression.

(E) wins.
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22 Oct 2011, 10:31
the verbiage made the ques look difficult...

E is the answer...reasons well explained above.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2012, 23:11
E it is.If you take the medicine depression will reduce.Use of word some is to misguide.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 21:11
I too picked D but on re reading found that it is too extreme. One OF the things that GMAT verbal makes u learn is modesty :p
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2014, 19:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2015, 13:44
was confused between C and E. but on seeing "do not run the risk of suffering from depression" in C, I choose E. Because, there may be other causes for depression. So DO NOT is extreme here... If it were "may reduce the risk" or "reduces the risk of depression in many people", then this question would have been a nightmare...
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2015, 19:28
Request you not to write your queries/answers/opinions in question window. It prevents ppl from analysing the question. The whole purpose of GMAT Club forum goes wasted by doing so.

You have response windows to do all such things.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2015, 10:34
Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the passage of serotonin molecules from the presynaptic cell to receptors on the postsynaptic cell has been identified as a successful treatment for clinical depression for many individuals. A new series of drugs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, prevent the presynaptic cell from re-uptaking serotonin, thereby allowing normal amounts of serotonin to reach the receptors on the postsynaptic cell.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the above statements?

A. If too much serotonin is released to the receptors, a person will feel extremely euphoric......to much serotonin case is completely out of scope.

B. Taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is currently the only successful treatment for clinical depression..............only plays the spoilsport here making this an extreme case.

C. Individuals who have normal levels of serotonin uptake do not run the risk of suffering from depression............we have an argument regarding treatment for depressed people through serotonin and their normal level case is completely out of scope.

I got stuck between D and E, and selected D as I got entrapped in clever wordplay between deficit and depletion of serotonin levels.

D. By not taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, individuals with depression run the risk of depleting their serotonin levels.
This is incorrect for above reason.

E. Taking Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors reduces the incidence of depression in some people.
even though taking inhibitors reduces depression sounds a bit too strong, we have to see the word some which makes the whole sentence come in the scope of the argument.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 16:13
Chetangupta wrote:
Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the passage of serotonin molecules from the presynaptic cell to receptors on the postsynaptic cell has been identified as a successful treatment for clinical depression for many individuals. A new series of drugs, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, prevent the presynaptic cell from re-uptaking serotonin, thereby allowing normal amounts of serotonin to reach the receptors on the postsynaptic cell.

Which of the following can be correctly inferred from the above statements?

If too much serotonin is released to the receptors, a person will feel extremely euphoric.
Taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor is currently the only successful treatment for clinical depression.
Individuals who have normal levels of serotonin uptake do not run the risk of suffering from depression.
By not taking a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, individuals with depression run the risk of depleting their serotonin levels.
Taking Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors reduces the incidence of depression in some people.

Any suggestions on how to approach such questions. I was not able to make much out of this, so just made a informed guess (chose E ) and moved on.

I got to C, and this is how I reached to the answer choice

reducing S -> successful treatment for clinical depression in many individuals.
new drug -> SSRI -> prevent from reaching again high levels of S.
thus, SSRI -> allows the "normal" amount of S to reach the receptors.

A. we do not have any information about being euphoric. out.
B. THE ONLY - way too extreme. the argument says that it has been identified as a treatment. not that it is the only treatment.
C. reducing S is a way to treat. but it might be the case that some people with depression do not have high level of S.
D. is too extreme.
E. reduces in some people. written in the same language as the argument...

E for me.
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 16:58
SSRI is for treating depression. Option (E) talks about the incidence of depression. How can (E) be inferred? What is it that I'm missing here?
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Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 08:16
manhasnoname wrote:
SSRI is for treating depression. Option (E) talks about the incidence of depression. How can (E) be inferred? What is it that I'm missing here?

Here "incidence of depression" is used in the sense "bout of depression". Successful treatment does not necessarily imply complete elimination of the problem - reducing bouts of depression can also be considered successful treatment - improvement in condition implies some level of success in treatment.
Re: Reducing the serotonin deficit caused by a breakdown in the   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2017, 08:16

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