It is currently 11 Dec 2017, 12:12

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 213 [2], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2012, 10:03
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:07) correct 32% (01:09) wrong based on 292 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.

A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 213 [2], given: 66

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 292

Kudos [?]: 294 [1], given: 11

WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2012, 11:58
1
KUDOS
usually introductory modifier goes wrong with this sort of SC. Christopher Columbus is correctly placed after comma.

Kudos [?]: 294 [1], given: 11

Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2012, 15:06
THank you for your reply. It makes total sense about the Opening Modifier. That is very clear. This problem makes use of Parallelism. What exactly is parallel within this Sentence?

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Aug 2010
Posts: 280

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 1

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2012, 20:42
+ 1 for A, the problem with others is misplaced modifier.

Only C and A stand out, and A is the best.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 15 Dec 2011
Posts: 182

Kudos [?]: 46 [1], given: 13

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.9
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jan 2012, 03:35
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured
here the sentence seems to suggest the Columbus pressed tirelessly in order to endure several rejections. I doubt that he wanted to do so.

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured
unidiomatic. 'Not only' is present but missing 'but also': Not only A but also B

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of
the sentence seems to suggest that effort was refusing the accept conventional wisdom. Christopher Columbus's can't act as antecedent due to being in possessive form(another peculiarity of GMAT)

A and B are both correct grammatically. A is concise.

Go with A

Kudos [?]: 46 [1], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 15 Dec 2011
Posts: 182

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 13

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.9
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jan 2012, 03:36
sentence was slight tough as it took 1:30 to solve it.

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jan 2012, 11:14
I originally chose Answer B. What makes Choice A more Concise than B?

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Director
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 713

Kudos [?]: 593 [4], given: 264

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jan 2012, 08:01
4
KUDOS
@gmatpunjabi
choice b is wrong because
1) refusing to accept and pressing tirelessly was happening together showing simultaneity of action or a continuous action..so A is better than B
2) enduring several rejections(option A) is verb+ ing modifier or present participle which is modifying the action happening( i.e pressed tirelessly) and showing the result.
hope this helps.
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Kudos [?]: 593 [4], given: 264

Manager
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jan 2012, 23:07
Thanks for the post your explanation makes sense!

Kudos [?]: 213 [0], given: 66

Director
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 713

Kudos [?]: 593 [0], given: 264

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jan 2012, 01:16
@gmatpunjabi... enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.
The entire sentence is an effect/result of the efforts of colombus
now in this sentence APPROVAL n FINANCING ( ACTION NOUN AND COMPLEX GERUND) are parallel to each other...
hope it helps...
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Kudos [?]: 593 [0], given: 264

Manager
Joined: 18 Dec 2011
Posts: 107

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 113

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jan 2012, 15:43
A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort (Refusing to... flat modifies Columbus and not his effort) was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 113

Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2011
Posts: 129

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth wa [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jan 2012, 12:41
Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492.

A) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, enduring several rejections before securing

B)Christopher Columbus refused to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat; he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia and endured several rejections, finally securing

C) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom of the earth being flat, Christopher Columbus pressed tirelessly for royal support to sail westward to Asia and to endure several rejections; he finally secured

D) Christopher Columbus not only refused to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, he pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia, endured several rejections, and he finally secured

E) Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth was flat, Christopher Columbus's effort was tireless in pressing for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia; he endured several rejections before the securing of

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 24

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Mar 2012
Posts: 356

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 4

Schools: Schulich '16
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 02:32
A it is.

I was stuck in choices A and B after POE .
A is concise because it explains the nature of events that "he sailed and endured several rejections before he got financial aid"

the word before makes choice A more concise.

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 4

Manager
Joined: 20 Nov 2011
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 17

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 06:11
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

Happy Days!

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 17

Intern
Joined: 01 Apr 2013
Posts: 24

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 37

Schools: Tepper '16 (S)
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 07:54
zazoz wrote:
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

Happy Days!

Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 37

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1120

Kudos [?]: 2404 [0], given: 219

Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 08:01
venkat18290 wrote:
Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .

That is an example of COMMA + ING modifier.

They modify the whole clause and are applied to the subject of that clause (hence the ing verb must make sense with that subject).

They are used to presents the results/effect of the action of the preceding clause or add information to it (like in this case).

Hope it helps
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Kudos [?]: 2404 [0], given: 219

Manager
Joined: 18 Dec 2012
Posts: 96

Kudos [?]: 60 [1], given: 34

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V32
GMAT 2: 530 Q37 V25
GPA: 3.32
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 08:18
1
KUDOS
Hi.
In my opinion,Option B is wrong because it incorrectly says "Pressed to endure several rejections" which is not the intended meaning of the sentence.
_________________

I'm telling this because you don't get it. You think you get it which is not the same as actually getting it. Get it?

Kudos [?]: 60 [1], given: 34

Manager
Joined: 20 Nov 2011
Posts: 50

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 17

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2013, 09:50
venkat18290 wrote:
zazoz wrote:
Imo is A;

A) Everything is fine, the meaning and grammar. The last sentence is also showing how Christopher pressed tirelessly! with the use of Verb-ing.
B)endured several rejections is misplaced; therefore it cant express the intended meaning.
C) same as B, also being is awkward.
D) Awkward structure and unidiomatic.
E) The first modifier wrongly modifies CC's efforts.

Happy Days!

Hi ,

In sentence A what is the modifier enduring several rejections before securing approval and financing from Spain's King Ferdinand in 1492 exactly modifying . I am unable to make sense of this .

As I mentioned, that Verb-ing is modifying how Christopher pressed tirelessly for royal support for a westward voyage to Asia. The present participle forms used for such explanations and it is typical in english to use this form of modifier to modify the entire sentence before that. Hope it clears up your problem.

Cheers.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 17

Manager
Joined: 26 Jul 2011
Posts: 118

Kudos [?]: 137 [0], given: 16

Location: India
WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2013, 03:19
I rejected A for I thought there couldn't be more than one ING modifiers referring to the subject Christopher Columbus......

My question is ....is the complicated construction with three ING modifying phrases (Refusing, enduring, and securing) referring to Christopher Columbus would be preferred over option B, which I feel is more clear and precise, on GMAT???

Kudos [?]: 137 [0], given: 16

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 333

Kudos [?]: 436 [0], given: 4

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2013, 12:53
Hi Ratinarace,

The problem with your idea is that there are some grammatical mistakes in B, as other people have pointed out above, and whilst we should of course look for brevity and simplicity in our answers, it should not be at the expense of good grammar.

To re-iterate what others have said, issues with B:

1)'endured several rejections' is not correct in this sentence. There has to be a logical sequence to the items, and this one is in the 'past' (endured = past tense) whilst the items before and after are in the present (as shown with -ing verbs)

2) 'being' - red flag word. In this instance it makes the sentence passive, which is a big no no on GMAT

James
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0

... and more

Kudos [?]: 436 [0], given: 4

Re: Refusing to accept the conventional wisdom that the earth   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2013, 12:53

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by