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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri

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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 01:11
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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.


A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat

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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 06:07
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Ans: C
Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in; Remains does not agree with singular verb reveals. which can not refer to a person.

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in; same error as option A, which is referring back to a person. its does not have a antecedent

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in; who is correct here, remains reveal.. subject-verb usage is correct

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of; there is no verb for remains

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat; which is wrong and meaning is wrong here; remains reveal city's former glory as a royal seat.. of power is missing
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 08:06
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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in - WRONG. Pronoun 'who' should be used for 'Kyriakos Pittakis'. 'Reveals' should be 'reveal' as subject is 'Remains'. 'Its' is properly used for 'Mycenae'

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in - WRONG. Same 'which' pronoun error.

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in - CORRECT. All errors removed.

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of - WRONG. Not a sentence - missing verb.

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat - WRONG. 'Which' pronoun error.

IMO Answer C.
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 12:10
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Quote:
Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in
B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in
C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in
D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of
E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat


notes: "who" must be used to ref to a person; "and also" is redundant.

ans (C)
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 00:02
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"which restored the monumental Lion's Gate" should modify KP and we know KP is a person. So relative pronoun modifier should be "who". A, B, and E out.

In D, the "subject Remains of M" doesn't have a verb. For this reason D is out.

C remains
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 00:32
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Bunuel wrote:
Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.


A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat


The portion "which restored the monumental Lion's Gate" of the underlined part is referring to the person just before it, Kyriakos Pittakis.

As Kyriakos Pittakis is person, we will use 'WHO' instead of 'WHICH'.

With this A, B and E are out and we are left only with C and D

Now rewriting the whole sentences with C and D options -

C) Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

D) Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of the ancient Mediterranean world.

When we compare C and D, we can clearly see that the subject 'Remains of Mycenae' does not have a verb in 'D', whereas the verb is present in option C.

Hence C is the correct answer IMO
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 00:56
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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.


A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in which is not used to modify people WRONG

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in Same as above

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in Correct

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of :- and also is redundant

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat :-Incorrect, same as A
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 01:22
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C is the correct answer.

-> Which is incorrect in modifying the archaeologist
-> 'Remains' needs a verb
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 07:11
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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.


A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in
Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittaki is a person and 'who' must be used to modify him.

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in
Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittaki is a person and 'who' must be used to modify him.

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in
'who' modifies Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittaki
verb 'reveal' is correctly used along with the noun 'Remains of Mycenae'.


D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of
No verb is present in this sentence. There are only modifiers:
1) who restored the monumental Lion's Gate
2) also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat
Greek archaeologist Kyriakos Pittaki is a person and 'who' must be used to modify him.

C is our answer.
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2020, 08:38
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Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which - Wrong. The name has to be followed by 'who'
Remove Option A/B/E.

Compare C and D.
SV agreement is flawed in Option D:
who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of
This focuses on the work of the archeologist and makes him the subject of the sentence.

Option C has the right usage of who, perfect points for SV agreement as well.
Hence C is the right option.
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2020, 23:01
Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.

The reference of who is incorrect as it incorrectly refers to Kyriakos Pittakis and alters the meaning The remains were restored so eliminate options C and D. In option A and B both have pronoun antecedent error the pronoun "its" does not have an antecedent hence can be eliminated. IMO E corrects all errors.

A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in

B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in

C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in

D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of

E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat
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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2020, 00:01

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis, which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in the ancient Mediterranean world.


A. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveals its former glory as a royal seat of power in

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular verb reveals does not agree with the plural subject Remains of Mycenae. In addition, the relative pronoun which cannot begin a relative clause that modifies a human noun.

Also, this sentence is stylistically flawed, because the pronoun its is ambiguous. It can refer either to Mycenae or to the monumental Lion's Gate.

What helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question and as a Relative Clause question, as well as identify the mistakes are the following Stop Signs:

x of y subject

and

long distance between subject and verb

and

who, which, that, whose, whom

The correct choice of relative pronoun is influenced by several factors. In some cases, as in who, whom and which, the choice depends on whether the relative clause describes humans (who, whom) or non humans (which).



B. which restoration of the monumental Lion's Gate, revealed its former glory as a royal seat of power in

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the Subject Verb Agreement mistake in the original question by changing the singular verb reveals in the present tense to revealed in the past tense (singular/plural), it repeats the relative pronoun mistake in the original sentence.

The relative pronoun which cannot begin a relative clause that modifies a human noun. Changing the conjugated verb restored to the noun restoration does not eliminate the grammatical error, because the relative clause requires a conjugated verb, without which, the sentence is a fragment and not a full sentence,

In addition, this sentence is stylistically flawed, because the pronoun its is ambiguous. It can refer either to Mycenae or to the monumental Lion's Gate.



C. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat of power in

This answer choice corrects the Subject Verb Agreement mistake in the original sentence, by changing the singular verb reveals to the plural verb reveal. It also corrects the pronoun mistake by changing the pronoun which, to who, which correctly modifies a relative clause referring to a human subject, here: Greek archeologist Kyriakos Pittakis.

Note also that this answer choice is stylistically superior to the original sentence. By changing the pronoun its to the city's it eliminates the ambiguity of the pronoun its, which can refer either to the Lion's Gate, or to Mycenae.



D. who restored the monumental Lion's Gate and also revealed the former glory of a powerful royal seat of

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the pronoun mistake in the original sentence, by changing the pronoun which to who, it introduces another grammatical mistake by turning the sentence into a fragment.

In the corrected sentence, the verbal phrase and also revealed is separated from what comes before it by a connector and (and not by a comma, as in the original sentence). As a result, the verb revealed becomes part of the relative clause that begins with the words who restored, etc. Since reveal is no longer the sentence's main verb, the meaning of the corrected sentence also changes: the verb revealed now refers to Greek archeologist rather than to Remains of Mycenae.

Also, with the verb revealed expanding the relative clause, the main sentence becomes a fragment as the subject Remains lacks a conjugated verb.

Notice how this grammatical mistake also involves a change in meaning.



E. which restored the monumental Lion's Gate, reveal the city's former glory as a royal seat

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the Subject Verb Agreement mistake in the original sentence, by changing the singular verb reveals to the plural verb reveal, and corrects the stylistic flaw of ambiguity, by replacing the pronoun its with the city's, it repeats the original relative pronoun mistake.

Remember that the relative pronoun which cannot begin a relative clause that modifies a human noun.

What helps us identify this question as a Relative Clause question, as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

who, which, that, whose, whom

The correct choice of relative pronoun is influenced by several factors. In some cases, as in who, whom and which, the choice depends on whether the relative clause describes humans (who, whom) or non humans (which).

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Re: Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2020, 00:01

Remains of Mycenae, first unearthed in 1841 by Greek archeologist Kyri

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