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# Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding,

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VP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2009, 11:33
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604. Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers.
(A) the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers
(B) penitentiaries were ideas for reform of the penal system suggested by Quakers
(C) Quakers suggested the penitentiary as a reform of the penal system
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries
(E) the penitentiary was suggested to be a reform of the penal system by Quakers
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21 Oct 2009, 11:56
This is a pretty classic modifying phrase example.

Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding logically modifies Quakers, so grammatically, Quakers needs to immediately follow the modifying phrase.

This eliminate answers A, B, and E.

Between C and D, answer D changes the original meaning of the sentence.

The phrasing of answer D suggests an action - that the penal system is reformed.
The original intent of the sentence shows a result - that the penitentiary is used as reform for the penal system.

HTH!
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21 Oct 2009, 12:21
Another reason why D should be avoided is the the word "penitentiaries" doesn't agree with "penal system" in
"the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries"....
one is singular and the other plural...
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20 Apr 2010, 01:46
noboru wrote:
604. Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers.
(A) the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers
(B) penitentiaries were ideas for reform of the penal system suggested by Quakers
(C) Quakers suggested the penitentiary as a reform of the penal system
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries
(E) the penitentiary was suggested to be a reform of the penal system by Quakers

opening modifier issue. abe are out. D is wordy and illogical. C it is.
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07 Nov 2010, 10:16
Could anybody further elaborate what's worng with D?
Thanks.
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02 Jan 2011, 10:52
I choose D .but now i can see why C is correct?
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02 Jan 2011, 13:21
rojans wrote:
I choose D .but now i can see why C is correct?

and could you share your thoughts with us?
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02 Jan 2011, 17:57
repelled ....is modifying Quaker.so A,B, out
We have choice in C,D,E
C seems more concise....correctly use as (example of ) in this statement .I choose D I thought suggested follow that .,But didn't see the structure of rest of three(C,D,E)
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02 Jan 2011, 22:27
(C)

"Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding" modifies quackers, so A, B and E are out!
D changes the intended meaning of the sentence, so D is also out.

(A) the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers
(B) penitentiaries were ideas for reform of the penal system suggested by Quakers
(C) Quakers suggested the penitentiary as a reform of the penal system
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries
(E) the penitentiary was suggested to be a reform of the penal system by Quakers
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01 May 2011, 06:39
vraptor wrote:
(C)

"Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding" modifies quackers, so A, B and E are out!
D changes the intended meaning of the sentence, so D is also out.

(A) the idea of penitentiaries were reforms of the penal system by Quakers
(B) penitentiaries were ideas for reform of the penal system suggested by Quakers
(C) Quakers suggested the penitentiary as a reform of the penal system
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries
(E) the penitentiary was suggested to be a reform of the penal system by Quakers

D would have been correct if limited to
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed

A detailed nice explanation is given here at the end of this post
http://www.beatthegmat.com/sc-1000-604- ... 65122.html

Need to know if we can enhance D to include "as" in this sentence to have comparison of penal system with penitentiaries
(D) Quakers suggested that the penal system be reformed as penitentiaries were reformed
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06 Jul 2011, 20:23
Sorry for digging up an old post - but doesn't the verb "suggest" only take command subjunctive? (ref: page 136 of the Manhattan GMAT Guide - 3rd Edition)
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07 Jul 2011, 02:34
I too thought it is subjunctive because of the word "suggest" and chose D...
Can someone plz explain why this should not be considered as subjunctive????
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Re: Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 19:34
D changes the meaning of the sentence.
Penal system be reformed, whereas the actually sentence suggests that there were some reforms to the system. So D can be ruled out.

Moreover, in the actual sentence, the penitentiaries were reforms to the system but in D, it says that the whole system be reformed as penitentiaries.
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Re: Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 04:26
Yup its C
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Re: Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 02:14
For this question: I am not quite sure about the OA.

1) repelled by ....., Quakers or the (idea) of penitentiaries.

How can a person (Quakers) was repelled by bodily punishments?
My common sense is penitentiaries was repelled by punishment

Or my understanding about verb-ed mod. is wrong?
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Re: Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding, [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2017, 04:52
1
polpanumas wrote:
For this question: I am not quite sure about the OA.

1) repelled by ....., Quakers or the (idea) of penitentiaries.

How can a person (Quakers) was repelled by bodily punishments?
My common sense is penitentiaries was repelled by punishment

Or my understanding about verb-ed mod. is wrong?

A Person can be repelled by a practice - Quaker (the person) was repelled by maiming and Branding (the practice). i.e., Quaker disliked the practice of maiming and branding.

Penitentiaries (i.e. imprisonment) cannot be repelled by the practice maiming and branding, i.e. it does not make sense to say that imprisonment disliked maiming and branding.
Re: Repelled by bodily punishments such as maiming and branding,   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2017, 04:52
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