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# Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent

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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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23 May 2003, 01:43
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
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22 Jun 2011, 12:29
+1 A

The thing that has been recent is the slump. We need "recent". B and C out.
Retailer is singular. D and E out.
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22 Jun 2011, 12:38
Baten80 wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

Why C wrong? and Why A is Correct.

I will take a crack at it from the verb tense point of view.
The non-underlined part of the sentence has a main verb - said (past). The reporting of the problem has to happen before the main action described by the verb(said); hence, we have to use the past perfect form had been.

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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 18:39
if you read the whole sentence you will find "would" - a conditional. With a conditional you can only use past therefore, B C and D are out. Out of A and E only A is correct for correct usage of pronoun.

Regarding recent vs recently. recent modifies the slump as you pointed out.

one of the problems is the recent slump, not the recently extended slump. We wanna modify slump therefore A is correct.
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2011, 16:21
recent is an adjective (modifies nouns)

What is recent? the extension or the sales slump?

It would be the sales slump, so recent modifies sales slump
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2011, 17:24
recent - adj can modify noun or pronoun; this case, it modifies noun 'extended sales slum' (extended also play a role of adj)

recently - adv can modify other than noun and pronoun (it also can modify noun phrase, or even whole clause)

You have to understand the object need modifying here is sales slump, not extend
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09 Dec 2011, 17:00
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent
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09 Dec 2011, 20:42
ashiima wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

"recent" modify "sales slump", so use "recently" is incorrect. Eliminate B, C.
"their" is ambiguous. "its" refers to "seven-store retailer". Eliminate D and E.
Moreover, the use of present tense is incorrect in the report.

Only choice A is correctly used.
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2012, 13:13
But why can you not perceive it as "the sales slump" was something that was previously going on, it was expected to stop, but rather than stop it was "recently" extended by a lack of sales? I understand the whole adverb/adjective rule, but I don't think anyone (including the guide...as usual) provided a good reason why modifying "extended" can not be considered acceptable.
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31 Mar 2012, 13:57
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women’s apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

Can someone please justify the use of 'its' to refer to the retailer... ?

Further, what does 'it' in it would start as there has been no direct reference to the store but only to the retailer (modified by the adjective 'the seven-store') in the given sentence. Please help me locate the antecedent of 'it'.

Last edited by saurabhkhatrinitk on 31 Mar 2012, 21:29, edited 1 time in total.
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31 Mar 2012, 15:06
Yes,
It's refers to the 7 store retailer. Ans is A, B uses Recently, which is wrong. My question is if B uses recent as well, then would A still be right?
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31 Mar 2012, 15:09
isnt it a on-going problem? so has would be better?
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31 Mar 2012, 21:31
How can it possibly refer to the store as the store is never mentioned. the only reference to it has been as an adjective to modify the retailer, hence it has no logical antecedent...
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01 Apr 2012, 06:29
It refers to the retailer. Having the seven store retailer after the comma correctly modifies it's
Refer to the OG, there are many examples such as this one.
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05 Apr 2012, 11:07
dchow23 wrote:
isnt it a on-going problem? so has would be better?

One of the things that you have to watch out for is the consistency in verb tenses through out the sentence. Present perfect wouldn't work here because the author mentioned that the retailer said soemthing in the past. The intended meaning of this sentence would be to show the order of actions :

1 - Sales went down

2 - Retailer made an announcement

Past perfect tense (Had + 3rd form of the verb) is solely intended for this application. Past perfect shows the order of events in the past.
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29 Jun 2012, 06:04
Can an expert pl explain how we could use IT / ITS to refer to a retailer.
Shouldnt it be HE / SHE etc since a retailer is a person ????
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04 Jul 2012, 05:32
What would be the difference in meaning if RECENT is replaced with RECENTLY
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Re: Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2012, 11:34
vikram4689 wrote:
What would be the difference in meaning if RECENT is replaced with RECENTLY

"Recent"- Adjective (eg: recent decline etc)
Here we are talking about the sales slump which had been extended,not the recently extended (sales slump-which will mean that there were many sales slumps and the recently happened sales slump is under consideration).
We are modifying the "sales slump" not the "extended sales slump".

Hope this works.
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28 Sep 2012, 23:01
Hey
Past perfect formes are used to establish a timeline.
If a sentense contains 2 past tenses, a past perfect is used to denote that one past event occured before the other past event.
For example:
Though I had worked too hard, I did not receive any compensation.
I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
The action which is denoted by the past perfect tense MUST be an event which occured BEFORE the action that is denoted by simple past. You cannot have a standalone past perfect in a sentence.
Let me know if you have more doubts about tenses.
http://gmatclub.com/blog/2012/06/gmat-v ... ect-tense/

HTH,
Souvik
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29 Sep 2012, 07:24
This can be solved in two ways - 1. s-v agreement & recent vs recently 2. s-v agreement & past perfect

solo1234 wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

A. its many problems had been the recent - Correct - recent modifies sales slump. Also using had been makes perfect sense
B. its many problems has been the recently - recently modifies extended - not right
C. its many problems is the recently - recently modifies extended - not right
D. their many problems is the recent - s-v issue. their - plural & retailer - singular
E. their many problems had been the recent - s-v issue. their - plural & retailer - singular

solo1234 wrote:
Please explain why we must use past perfect in underlined part. Thanks

Hope my explanation on why we must use past perfect helps

Event1 (past) is followed by Event2 (past) and now - in this sequence, use past perfect for Event1
sales slump (event1)-----retailer said (event2)------liquidation sale (now)
had been sales slump (past perfect)-----retailer said (simple past)--------------liquidation sale
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16 Dec 2012, 06:15
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

A. its many problems had been the recent

B. its many problems has been the recently

C. its many problems is the recently

D. their many problems is the recent

E. their many problems had been the recent

i have a clear understanding why had been tense should be used. But really i dont understand is there any problem why recently(adverb) cant modify the verb extended sales slump? or it can modify????
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Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2012, 06:15

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