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Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has

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Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 20:33
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Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden and unexpected failure of the liquid helium cooling system, the engineering squad supervising the Large Hadron Collider requested additional funding to develop better maintenance systems.

their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden
their more crippling malfunctions has been the suddenly
its more crippling malfunctions is the sudden
its more crippling malfunctions had been the sudden
its more crippling malfunctions had been the suddenly

Scroll down for OE.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by cvsmech on 08 Nov 2011, 14:14, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 21:40
I second C.

Engineering squad is singular, so you need 'its' not 'their.'

'is' matches with the tense of 'reporting.' For example, because something is happening, they are requesting help.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 22:23
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cvsmech wrote:
Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden and unexpected failure of the liquid helium cooling system, the engineering squad supervising the Large Hadron Collider requested additional funding to develop better maintenance systems.

their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden -- drop, engineering squad is singular
their more crippling malfunctions has been the suddenly --drop, engineering squad is singular
its more crippling malfunctions is the sudden -- the engineering squad did what? It "REQUESTED additional funding," which happened in the past...but HOLD.
its more crippling malfunctions had been the sudden -- CORRECT. "Had been" is used to state something happened in the past and ended in the past, before some other event. The malfunction happened first, followed by the unexpected failure. Therefore, "had been" is used correctly to show the sequence of the "malfunction" and the "failure".
its more crippling malfunctions had been the suddenly -- "suddenly" not parallel

OA doesn't makes sense logically. OA after some discussion.

I'm going to have to go against the masses.

I vote for D...as noted above.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 22:59
"The engineering squad" is singular. So use of "their" in A and B is incorrect.

Now, there are 2 actions that have happened here: 1- failure of liquid cooling system; 2- Request for additional funding. Additionally, the failure happened before the request. Therefore, you need a past perfect to suitably assign time frames to the actions. So, C is out as it uses present tense "is".

D and E both use past perfect but in E, the use of adverb "suddenly" is incorrect. D is the right answer.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 23:11
I too agree with D. It makes sense.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2011, 12:51
IMO C

The failure in the cooling system is a problem in the present.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2011, 13:27
narrowed down between C and D and chose D

their is incorrect when referring to the engineering squad.

"that" typically introduces a new clause. So, the malfuction and failure happened THEN the engineering squad requested additional funding.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2011, 19:25
I will go with D here. What is the OA ?

We need a perfect tense (had been) for earlier past to establish clear timelines.

1) Squad faced the failure of cooling system.

We need to establish 1 happened before 2 and thus we use past perfect for the earlier event and simple past for the later event.

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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2011, 13:16
cvsmech wrote:
Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden and unexpected failure of the liquid helium cooling system, the engineering squad supervising the Large Hadron Collider requested additional funding to develop better maintenance systems.

their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden
their more crippling malfunctions has been the suddenly
its more crippling malfunctions is the sudden
its more crippling malfunctions had been the sudden
its more crippling malfunctions had been the suddenly

OA doesn't makes sense logically. OA after some discussion.

Thanks.
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Re: Knewton SC: don't like the OA [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2011, 14:14
martie11 wrote:
cvsmech wrote:
OA doesn't makes sense logically. OA after some discussion.

Thanks.

OE:

The antecedent for the plural pronoun their is the singular the engineering squad, so this sentence displays a pronoun-antecedent agreement error. A pronoun can come before its antecedent if the pronoun is inside of a describing phrase set off by a comma at the beginning of the sentence; the noun described by the phrase and the antecedent for the pronoun must be the first noun after the comma. Collective nouns, like squad, which refer to a group that acts as a unit, are singular. The pronoun their is incorrect here.

Additionally, the verb tenses used in the sentence as it is written create an illogical sequence of events; in the past, the squad requested additional funding, so what prompted this request must have been an event that took place before before the request was made. However, a malfunction that has been the failure... uses the present perfect (has + participle), which describes an event that began in the past and may continue. An event that may continue does not describe something that came before another event that began and ended in the past.

Choice D changes their to its and has been to had been, fixing both errors. The singular it correctly refers to the singular collective noun engineering squad. The past perfect (had + participle) is always used to describe an event in the far past that came before an event that took place before another event in the more recent past. Before the team requested additional funding..., a crippling malfunction had been the failure.

Choice B retains the plural their and the incorrect has been..., failing to fix either error.

Choice C changes their to its but retains a verb tense error. The present is does not describe an action that took place before the request was made.

Choice E fixes both original errors but changes the adjective sudden to the incorrectly used adverb, suddenly. Adverbs cannot modify nouns; the failure, a noun, must be described as sudden and unexpected.

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Re: Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 13:46
S/V error in option A & B.
tense error in option C and in option E "suddenly " is incorrect.
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Re: Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2014, 17:35
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Re: Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2015, 00:17
martie11 wrote:
cvsmech wrote:
Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden and unexpected failure of the liquid helium cooling system, the engineering squad supervising the Large Hadron Collider requested additional funding to develop better maintenance systems.

their more crippling malfunctions has been the sudden -- drop, engineering squad is singular
their more crippling malfunctions has been the suddenly --drop, engineering squad is singular
its more crippling malfunctions is the sudden -- the engineering squad did what? It "REQUESTED additional funding," which happened in the past...but HOLD.
its more crippling malfunctions had been the sudden -- CORRECT. "Had been" is used to state something happened in the past and ended in the past, before some other event. The malfunction happened first, followed by the unexpected failure. Therefore, "had been" is used correctly to show the sequence of the "malfunction" and the "failure".
its more crippling malfunctions had been the suddenly -- "suddenly" not parallel

OA doesn't makes sense logically. OA after some discussion.

I'm going to have to go against the masses.

I vote for D...as noted above.

Hi
I think it's not that the malfunction happened first, followed by the unexpected failure. As if we read the sentence and capture it's gist. It's the full sentence and not matched with the explanation
provided by you.
According to me the actual cause why had is used is as follows

REPORTING happened in past & REQUESTING happened after that
So we'll use had with the REPORTING phrase .

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Re: Reporting that one of their more crippling malfunctions has   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2015, 00:17
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