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# Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Manager
Joined: 20 May 2004
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12 Jul 2004, 16:35
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
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16 Sep 2008, 04:07
IMO A. Its between A and C , as the other sentences have "have"

Now C's "not underlying simplicity but great complexity " is not correct.. should have been either not only.. but also structure.. or
Manager
Joined: 25 May 2008
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16 Sep 2008, 05:14
IMO A. In B, D and E "have" is not correct, we need has. Between C and A i chose A because C looks wordy and i think that it has a structure problem.
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16 Sep 2008, 09:41
I go with C.

Does the "it" in A) have a clear referrant? Is "it" referring to processes, or language?
Manager
Joined: 22 Jul 2008
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16 Sep 2008, 17:07
"HAS " is the correct form because it is talking about the Research and not the processes.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
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16 Sep 2008, 17:50
Richardson wrote:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
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16 Sep 2008, 18:54
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct
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16 Sep 2008, 19:07
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

Where is this Q from? I really doubt the OA? It was between A & C. I ruled out A for two reasons

(1) We use instead of when we can just replace X with Y and not when we want to show contrast or superiority.

(2) As some one has already said, it does not have a clear antecedent in A. C takes care of it by changing the construct to passive voice and making it refer to language? Can we say
Research is produced? I was stuck on that for a moment, but we say Research is done.

(3) AFAIK, Not X but Y is also a correct idiom.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
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16 Sep 2008, 19:12
spriya wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct

I know it's correct idiom, but what happens in GMAT is "rather than" is preferrable to "instead of" if they are both given as option choices. This is why I said "could be incorrect", not "is incorrect"...Anyway, thanks for your input.
Manager
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16 Sep 2008, 19:12
This q is from 1000Q...from question set 19, question #7.
Retired Moderator
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17 Sep 2008, 08:24
Spriya - can you explain to me why C is wrong? thx

spriya wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Richardson wrote:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

OA is A. I went to C though. I thought "instead of" in option A could be incorrect. Anyone can give any great explanation on this??? THx.

instead of is correct here ,x instead of y is correct idiom !!!
hence A is correct
Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2007
Posts: 288

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17 Sep 2008, 12:33
If A is the OA then I am in trouble cause if this question comes in the test and certainly going to opt C....
A seems highly ambiguous and awkward.
Manager
Joined: 12 May 2006
Posts: 179

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17 Sep 2008, 14:11
also can someone tell me the referent of "that" in A. referent of "which" in C will be processes according to me.
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 296

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17 Sep 2008, 16:50
that OR which any thing can correctly refer to processes ,, but here a essential pronoun is required

as we are talking about only and only those processes
SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1548

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18 Sep 2008, 03:41
What is the difference between "processes that produce and make it understandable" and "processes by which it is produced and understood" in meaning?

To me using one in place of the other changes meaning. Hence, C, D and E are out. Between A and B, it is clearly A.
Intern
Joined: 13 Sep 2007
Posts: 26

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12 Sep 2009, 03:25
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A. that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
B. of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
C. by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
D. by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
E. by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

So far I have not seen a convincing explanation for this question's OA.
I hope to find one
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Joined: 16 Jan 2009
Posts: 187
Location: Ithaca, New York
Schools: Cornell University - The Johnson School

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12 Sep 2009, 08:05
Is the answer A? A and C have correct subject/verb agreement (Research ... has revealed). The others do not so I eliminated those answer choices.

From here I determined whether the pronoun "it" has a referent. Check

I don't like this phrase in C: "not underlying simplicity but great complexity". The correct idiom is "not X but rather Y" unless I'm missing something here about the acceptability of "not X but Y."

Answer A has the correct idiom "instead of" so I'll go with A.
Intern
Joined: 13 Sep 2007
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13 Sep 2009, 08:29
The OA is A.

I think there is nothing wrong with "not X but (rather) Y".
"rather" can be understood.
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21 Oct 2009, 11:35
606. Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
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Intern
Joined: 26 Sep 2009
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21 Oct 2009, 11:47
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The subject of the sentence is "research," all of the other fluff in between can be ignored.

Since "research" is singular, the verb tense must also be singular. Answers B, D, and E all use the plural verb "have," so eliminate answers B, D, and E

Between answers A and C, "by which it..." is wordy and awkward construction.

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21 Oct 2009, 12:38
"have" is must.
Between B,D and E.
Continuous or past tense is not required.

E for me.
Re: several decades on the nature of language   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2009, 12:38

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