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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2013, 11:35
plumber250 wrote:
Hi Sankey,

Actually A and issue

Here it is in full with the areas highlighted:

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

'produce' lacks a subject. We need to say something like 'produce it'.


THANKS FOR THE EXPLANATION. BUT I STILL HAVE ONE DOUBT:

WHY THE OPTION C IS CORRECT. ISN'T THE ANTECEDENT OF "WHICH" IN OPTION C IS AMBIGUOUS HERE?? "WHICH" COULD REFER BACK TO "nature of language"OR " the processes" OR BOTH.

SECOND, CAN'T WE SAY "IT" AFTER "MAKE" IS ACTING AS A SUBJECT FOR BOTH "PRODUCE" AND "MAKE" .
HENCE WHY OPTION A IS NOT CORRECT

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2013, 16:13
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

it is 3-2 spilt.
Research is singular so has is correct
between A and C - C has pronoun error. "it" does not have clear noun. it could be language or process. logically it refers to language but grammatically it refers to process.

So A.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 02:50
MANHATTAN GMAT informs in SC book that "instead of" is not an appropriate usage. Could someone explain me, that is right or not?

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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singh_satya wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


B,D and E are out because the subject is Research(singular) so it requires a singular verb 'has'. Now A and C has a difference in meaning.

C :Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity.

Does the processes produce and understand the language. No.

Notice the subtle usage of understandable and understood in A and C.

The process make it understandable , not understand it themselves. A wins.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2013, 18:44
espa wrote:
MANHATTAN GMAT informs in SC book that "instead of" is not an appropriate usage. Could someone explain me, that is right or not?


That's not always the case. it is a recommendation when you have insufficient time and hopefully that's not the case when you are in here :)

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2013, 18:40
C,D, and E are out because of "by which" that is conveying a non-essential clause when a essential clause is needed. B has no intro to the clause following "processes"; thus, it has to be A. I did pick B but recognized my mistake...

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2013, 20:16
I think the problem with C is that 'it' might refer to the 'nature of language' or 'language', we are not sure. On any other day I would have rejected A because of 'instead of' but it's the only one that seems lesser of the devils. ;-)

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2014, 10:02
A it is.

The "research" is singular, so 'has' should be used instead of 'have'.
Now,we are left with A and C.There is no issue with A, but in C passive voice is used unnecessarily.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2014, 11:44
Choice A-Correctly has 'that' referring to the process.....and has 'has' referring to the research.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2015, 22:08
Though tough, A is the direct answer.
Other choices change the meaning:
Processes that make it understandable and processes by which it is understood are not the same thing.

Thanks.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 18:58
First thing to notice is the Subject verb agreement. Research is the subject, which is singular and we have a split of have and has as the verb. Anything which has Research HAVE is wrong, so B, D, and E are out.

Between A and C, I find A to be more straight forward and active voice as compared to C which is passive voice. So I am going with A as the answer.

singh_satya wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2015, 08:59
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

Choice A.
Research......... on the ...... the processes that produce and make it(the language) understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
This statement is grammatically and meaningwise correct.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 03:35
syamee_u wrote:
singh_satya wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


A or C.
Explain plz
Thanks
Satya


sorry ..

my choice :D 50 seconds

processes <by which it is produced and understood > + have should come. Not "HAS"

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

in this choice "it" is not correct in pronoun number as noun x and y. it should be them. however meaning also not correct

(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

in this choice "it" is not correct in pronoun number

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

singular verb "has" not matching with plural subject processes

(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

awkward.

comments PLZ.




Has is correct because "Research" has revealed.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2016, 02:56
Justified explanation here http://www.beatthegmat.com/nature-of-la ... 91077.html
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2016, 22:22
My Approach to solve this problem is as follows :

1. Pick an easy split : has/have which needs to agree in number with the Subject research which is singular. Hence has is the choice : Eliminate options B, D and E
2. Now in choice A and C, A uses the right tense for verbs "produce" & "understand", hence A wins

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2016, 12:48
here in A that acts as an essential modifier of the noun processes..so it is the best option

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2017, 09:42
Hi experts,
I didn't go through all the threads under this question,just the last three pages.I'm terribly sorry if I didn't notice that some other posts could help with my request.

Just want to confirm my POE
option B,D,and E are out for the s-v disagreement--Research...have.
Between A and C :
Even though I couldn't justify the usage of by which,C is out because "it" is not required.From my understanding,the research is on the nature of language and on the processes that produce and make (language)...It is the processes that produce something;hence "which it is produced" is incorrect.

Could you please confirm my reasoning?
And some explanations about "by which" would be really helpful

Thanks :-)

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2017, 04:36
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sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
I didn't go through all the threads under this question,just the last three pages.I'm terribly sorry if I didn't notice that some other posts could help with my request.

Just want to confirm my POE
option B,D,and E are out for the s-v disagreement--Research...have.
Between A and C :
Even though I couldn't justify the usage of by which,C is out because "it" is not required.From my understanding,the research is on the nature of language and on the processes that produce and make (language)...It is the processes that produce something;hence "which it is produced" is incorrect.

Could you please confirm my reasoning?
And some explanations about "by which" would be really helpful

Thanks :-)


The pronoun "it" is required in C and A alike to refer to "language". Option C is wrong because of 2 reasons:

1. A is more direct than C:

In "by which", "which" refers to processes. Therefore grammatically the construction is not wrong. However "..that (processes) produce and make it (language) understandable" is more direct than "by which (processes) it (language) is produced and understood" - the latter conveys a wrong meaning as well, as described in the next paragraph below. Moreover, "....reveal complexity instead of simplicity" is more direct than "...reveal not simplicity, but complexity".

2. C conveys wrong meaning:

A implies : Processes produce and make language understandable.
C implies: Language is produced and understood by processes... hence C wrongly indicates that the processes themselves understand the language, not that the processes make the language understandable (to humans).

Hence option C is wrong.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2017, 13:33
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kannu44 wrote:
Dear Mod could you please explain why C is wrong Could not find convincing answer.
Thanks


Research has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity: Though technically not incorrect (maintains parallelism between two nouns, "simplicity" and " complexity"), this usage is awkward. The negation "not" should ideally go with the verb, not the noun "simplicity". The correct construction is:

Research has not revealed underlying simplicity but has revealed great complexity. (parallelism between verbs)
OR
Research has not revealed underlying simplicity but great complexity. (It is alright to omit the repeated parts - even verbs - from the second element of a parallel structure.)

Further notes:
Such noun (or adjective) parallelism is alright with the verb to be (because in negation, correct construction is: verb to be + "not"), but not with other verbs (because in negation, correct construction is: "does not" + other verb, not other verb + "not")-

He is intelligent.
He is not intelligent.... correct.
He is not intelligent, but foolish...... correct.

He thinks fast.
he thinks not fast--- incorrect.
He things not fast, but slow.... incorrect.
He does not think fast, but thinks slow... correct.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2017, 08:22
singh_satya wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


Hello mikemcgarry,

Could you please explain why Option A is preferred over Option "C" in above SC. I selected C because i found it simple and straight. Option C has idiom Not X But Y. Option C is not as wordy as option A.

Regards,
Ammu

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2017, 08:22

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