It is currently 18 Mar 2018, 01:11

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Research during the past several decades on the nature of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 02 May 2007
Posts: 150
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2007, 10:41
apache wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

Another (A)

"Research" has to go with singular verb => cancel out all the options with "have". Only (A) and (C) are left.

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

"by which = by process" here seems wrong + passive voice => cancel out
Director
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 542
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 01:04
It boils down to either A or C. I will go with C.
In A we need 'it' (produce it...) .
Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Jun 2007
Posts: 367
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 11:27
Of the choices between A and C, I go with C. But curiously what does it refer to here ? Is it the research or the language. Using POE I figured it to refer to language but is there a rule in play here ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 461
Location: united states
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 12:31
stevegt wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

I think A is better than C here. What does "revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity" mean?
_________________

for every person who doesn't try because he is
afraid of loosing , there is another person who
keeps making mistakes and succeeds..

Manager
Joined: 15 Jun 2007
Posts: 95
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 17:16
OA is A
but I think it is not PROCESSES that produce and make it understandable but something else produce and make it understandable BY the PROCESSES.
additionally, do you guys think the pronoun "it" can be shared by the two verbs "produce" and "make"? if "it" does be shared by those verbs, the meaning changes to

produce it understandable and make it understandable..

I don't think it makes any sense.
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2523
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 18:17
man that one was annoying. timed 1:30.

Elminated all but A and C. A and C have "has" in their sentences. Has is needed b/c it correlates with the singular it. Also notice "Research" is singular and is the subject. Don't pay attention to all that junk inbetween.

Now A and C. "by which it is" seemed wordy to me so I went with A.
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 838
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2007, 18:27
C is passive: by which...is produced and understood.

'it' refers logically to language.
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2714
Location: New York City
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2007, 01:31
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

Research (during the past several decades) on (the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable) has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5021
Location: Singapore
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2007, 01:42
(B) 'have revealed' is wrong
(D) 'have revealed' is wrong
(E) 'have revealed' is wrong

Between A and C, go with A. Past tense 'produced' and 'understood' in this sentence is wrong.
Director
Joined: 12 Jul 2007
Posts: 856
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Aug 2007, 13:53
I have it narrowed down to A and C by the use of has instead of have.

forced to guess I would go with A. but I'm in for a good explanation here.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
Posts: 316
Location: Orange County, CA
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Aug 2007, 14:02
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Quote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

Vote: A

Topic of sentence is focused around "research" (singular). Research..."HAS"...

Choices boiled down to A and C.

I'd go wtih A over C b/c A is more concise and C is awkwardly worded.
Choice A: Research...has revealed X instead of Y.
Choice C: Research...has revealed not X but Y.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
Posts: 316
Location: Orange County, CA
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Aug 2007, 14:28
Quote:
OA is A.

can you guys explain it in more detail as i also norrowed down to A and C but could not decide why A is better than C?

Between choices A and C, I found C to be awkwardly worded and A to be more concise / clear.

What did the research reveal?

Choice A: Great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
Choice C: Not underlying simplicity but great complexity.

Would you really say a study showed not simplicity but great complexity?

I like A because it tell us what the study revealed, not what it didn't reveal.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1397
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2007, 06:09
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...
Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2006
Posts: 138
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 16:25
My Ans is 'A'

In 'C' IDIOM is not parallel.

Not 'X' but 'Y' .
not underlying simplicity but great complexity

Last edited by humtum0 on 07 Oct 2007, 20:05, edited 2 times in total.
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1354
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 18:16
dwivedys wrote:
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...

Dwivedys: Heres my take

Ofcourse only A and C stand in contention.

A Complexity instead of simliplicty ("instead of"used with nouns)

in C) not X but Y isnt a correct idiom...Not X but rather Y is correct
Director
Joined: 31 Mar 2007
Posts: 572
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 19:48
C

A is not parallel.

Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce[b] and [b]make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

processes that produce it understandable - wrong
processes that produce - wrong, produce what?

I'd go with C over A any day.
Director
Joined: 31 Mar 2007
Posts: 572
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 19:49
Not X but Y and Not X but rather Y

are both correct idioms.
Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2007
Posts: 137
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 20:31
I will chose C - because it follows the rules of parellel sentense. Though "not underlying" seems to be bit akward. While in A, sentense is not parallel.

C - by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2523
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2007, 23:32
Fistail wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

A.

BDE all use have to refer to a singular entity. So I elim these choices.

C: not x but y... should be not x but rather y.

good prob.
CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2921
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 May 2008, 05:53
Eliminate BDE for SV
Tough now between A and C

I am going for C - it just "sounds" right - even though its passive voice.

sondenso wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of   [#permalink] 11 May 2008, 05:53

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6    Next  [ 120 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Research during the past several decades on the nature of

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.