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Research during the past several decades on the nature of

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2007, 13:00
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A is correct choice......
Can’t it refer to processes....logically it should refer to language.
Can anyone explain, how we can correctly find the reference of it in a sentence with few examples

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2007, 19:45
apache wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

A is correct choice......
Can’t it refer to processes....logically it should refer to language.
Can anyone explain, how we can correctly find the reference of it in a sentence with few examples


"Which"refers to the closest noun. In D , "which" refers to "processes"

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2007, 10:41
apache wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity

please explain.


Another (A)

"Research" has to go with singular verb => cancel out all the options with "have". Only (A) and (C) are left.

(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

"by which = by process" here seems wrong + passive voice => cancel out

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 01:04
It boils down to either A or C. I will go with C.
In A we need 'it' (produce it...) .

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 11:27
Of the choices between A and C, I go with C. But curiously what does it refer to here ? Is it the research or the language. Using POE I figured it to refer to language but is there a rule in play here ?

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 12:31
stevegt wrote:
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


I think A is better than C here. What does "revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity" mean?
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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 17:16
OA is A
but I think it is not PROCESSES that produce and make it understandable but something else produce and make it understandable BY the PROCESSES.
additionally, do you guys think the pronoun "it" can be shared by the two verbs "produce" and "make"? if "it" does be shared by those verbs, the meaning changes to

produce it understandable and make it understandable..

I don't think it makes any sense.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 18:17
man that one was annoying. timed 1:30.

Elminated all but A and C. A and C have "has" in their sentences. Has is needed b/c it correlates with the singular it. Also notice "Research" is singular and is the subject. Don't pay attention to all that junk inbetween.

Now A and C. "by which it is" seemed wordy to me so I went with A.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2007, 18:27
C is passive: by which...is produced and understood.

'it' refers logically to language.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2007, 01:31
Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

Research (during the past several decades) on (the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable) has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2007, 01:42
(B) 'have revealed' is wrong
(D) 'have revealed' is wrong
(E) 'have revealed' is wrong

Between A and C, go with A. Past tense 'produced' and 'understood' in this sentence is wrong.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2007, 13:53
I have it narrowed down to A and C by the use of has instead of have.

forced to guess I would go with A. but I'm in for a good explanation here.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2007, 14:02
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Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

(A) that produce and make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity
(B) of producing and understanding it have revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(C) by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity
(D) by which it is produced and understood have revealed great complexity rather than underlying simplicity
(E) by which one produces and understands it have revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity


Vote: A

Topic of sentence is focused around "research" (singular). Research..."HAS"...

Choices boiled down to A and C.

I'd go wtih A over C b/c A is more concise and C is awkwardly worded.
Choice A: Research...has revealed X instead of Y.
Choice C: Research...has revealed not X but Y.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2007, 14:28
Quote:
OA is A.

can you guys explain it in more detail as i also norrowed down to A and C but could not decide why A is better than C?


Between choices A and C, I found C to be awkwardly worded and A to be more concise / clear.

What did the research reveal?

Choice A: Great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.
Choice C: Not underlying simplicity but great complexity.

Would you really say a study showed not simplicity but great complexity?

I like A because it tell us what the study revealed, not what it didn't reveal.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2007, 06:09
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 16:25
My Ans is 'A'

In 'C' IDIOM is not parallel.

Not 'X' but 'Y' .
not underlying simplicity but great complexity

Last edited by humtum0 on 07 Oct 2007, 20:05, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 18:16
dwivedys wrote:
My 10/5 cents -

processes by which it is produced in C, apart from being passive also fails the SV test - it's better in A which uses the restrictive THAT which is also a better choice when pointing to plural subject - processes (processes that produce etc...)

also - has revealed NOT UNDERLYING SIMPLICITY BUT GREAT COMPLEXITY is not one of the best constructions...


Dwivedys: Heres my take :-)

Ofcourse only A and C stand in contention.

A Complexity instead of simliplicty ("instead of"used with nouns)

in C) not X but Y isnt a correct idiom...Not X but rather Y is correct

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 19:48
C

A is not parallel.



Research during the past several decades on the nature of language and the processes that produce[b] and [b]make it understandable has revealed great complexity instead of underlying simplicity.

processes that produce it understandable - wrong
processes that produce - wrong, produce what?


I'd go with C over A any day.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 19:49
Not X but Y and Not X but rather Y

are both correct idioms.

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2007, 20:31
I will chose C - because it follows the rules of parellel sentense. Though "not underlying" seems to be bit akward. While in A, sentense is not parallel.

C - by which it is produced and understood has revealed not underlying simplicity but great complexity

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Re: Research during the past several decades on the nature of   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2007, 20:31

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